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Use of Renin-Angiotensin System Blockade in Advanced CKD: An NKF-KDOQI Controversies Report

Published on Dec 1, 2018in American Journal of Kidney Diseases6.65
· DOI :10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.06.010
Matthew R. Weir28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UMB: University of Maryland, Baltimore),
Jay I. Lakkis2
Estimated H-index: 2
(U.H.: University of Hawaii at Manoa)
+ 4 AuthorsElaine Ku10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)
Abstract
Multiple clinical trials have demonstrated that renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade with either angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers effectively reduces chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. However, most clinical trials excluded participants with advanced CKD (ie, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] 2 ). It is acknowledged that initiation of RAS blockade is often associated with an acute reduction in eGFR, which is thought to be functional, but may result in long-term preservation of kidney function through the reductions in glomerular intracapillary pressure conferred by these agents. In this National Kidney Foundation–Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) report, we discuss the controversies regarding use of RAS blockade in patients with advanced kidney disease. We review available published data on this topic and provide perspective on the impact of RAS blockade on changes in eGFRs and potassium levels. We conclude that more research is needed to evaluate the therapeutic index of RAS blockade in patients with advanced CKD.
  • References (72)
  • Citations (2)
References72
Newest
#1Morten Schmidt (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 27
#2Kathryn E. Mansfield (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 7
Last.Laurie A. Tomlinson (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 17
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#1George L. Bakris (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 102
#2Bertram Pitt (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 99
Last.David A. Bushinsky (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 53
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#1Matthew R. Weir (UMB: University of Maryland, Baltimore)H-Index: 66
#2George L. Bakris (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 102
Last.Bertram Pitt (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 99
view all 10 authors...
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