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Navigating Uncharted Waters Newcomer Socialization Through the Lens of Stress Theory

Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Management 8.08
· DOI :10.1177/0149206314557525
Allison M. Ellis4
Estimated H-index: 4
(PSU: Portland State University),
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(PSU: Portland State University)
+ 3 AuthorsLauren S. Simon10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PSU: Portland State University)
Abstract
Although the stress and socialization literatures have flourished over the past several decades, they have done so largely independently, and our understanding of the cost of stress to organizations in the form of newcomer turnover, lowered adjustment, and the health and well-being of newcomers is largely unknown. This review takes an explicitly newcomer-centric perspective toward the socialization process by examining newcomer experiences through the lens of popular models of work stress, including the job demands-resources model, the transactional theory of stress, and the challenge-hindrance stressor framework. In doing so, we identify individual and work-related factors that contribute to the experience of stress for newcomers and point to ways in which organizational and employee-driven inputs can assist in building and acquiring important resources needed to cope with the demands faced in a new work role. In addition, we offer a framework that incorporates individual experiences and behaviors as the...
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  • Citations (30)
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References159
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2015in Organizational psychology review 3.07
Mo Wang30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UF: University of Florida),
John D. Kammeyer-Mueller25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 1 AuthorsYixuan Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UF: University of Florida)
In the current paper, we provide a formal taxonomy of the organizational context relevant to newcomer socialization. We also propose that what newcomers learn during socialization periods (i.e., socialization content) and how they could learn the new information and knowledge (i.e., socialization process) are two distinct but related aspects of newcomer socialization. Based on these conceptual developments, we establish a theoretical model that articulates the mechanisms via which different cont...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2014in Journal of Management 8.08
Jonathon R. B. Halbesleben34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UA: University of Alabama),
Jean-Pierre Neveu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Montpellier)
+ 1 AuthorsMina Westman27
Estimated H-index: 27
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
Proposed as a theory of motivation, the basic tenet of conservation of resources (COR) theory is that humans are motivated to protect their current resources and acquire new resources. Despite its recent popularity in the organizational behavior literature, several criticisms of the theory have emerged, primarily related to the central concept of resources. In this review, we address concerns regarding the conceptualization, conservation, acquisition, fluctuation, and measurement of resources. W...
341 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 21, 2014
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(PSU: Portland State University),
Berrin Erdogan24
Estimated H-index: 24
(PSU: Portland State University)
In this article, the organizational socialization literature is reviewed through the lens of newcomer capital. We give an overview of the socialization literature and examine established and proposed linkages among four components of newcomer personal capital: human, social, psychological, and cultural capital. Then, we theoretically explore and discuss how the socialization adjustment process, consisting of newcomer experience, role clarity, social acceptance, and self-efficacy, is affected by ...
26 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in International Journal of Stress Management 1.95
Bryan D. Edwards17
Estimated H-index: 17
(OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater),
Ana M. Franco-Watkins11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 2 AuthorsRoy E. Acuff2
Estimated H-index: 2
We put forth a theoretical unification of 2 of the more popular theories of job stress: challenge-hindrance and the sociocognitive models of stress, to explain the process by which stress impacts performance. In Study 1, we manipulated challenge (n 98) and hindrance stress (n 96) and measured its effect on perceived stress, on-task effort, negative affective thoughts, and decision-making performance. The relationship between perceived stress and performance was fully mediated by on-task effort a...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 3.77
Caitlin A. Demsky4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Allison M. Ellis4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Charlotte Fritz18
Estimated H-index: 18
The current study investigates workplace aggression and psychological detachment from work as possible antecedents of work-family conflict. We draw upon Conservation of Resources theory and the Effort-Recovery Model to argue that employees who fail to psychologically detach from stressful events in the workplace experience a relative lack of resources that is negatively associated with functioning in the nonwork domain. Further, we extend prior research on antecedents of work-family conflict by ...
26 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2013in Journal of Management 8.08
Laura G. E. Smith12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Bath),
Catherine E. Amiot20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UQAM: Université du Québec à Montréal)
+ 2 AuthorsDeborah J. Terry57
Estimated H-index: 57
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Considerable research has explored the variables that affect the success of newcomer on-boarding, socialization, and retention. We build on this research by examining how newcomer socialization is affected by the degree to which newcomers’ peers and leaders provide them with positive feedback. We refer to newcomers’ perceptions of this feedback as “social validation.” This study examines the impact of social validation from peers and leaders on the development of organizational identification ov...
33 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Journal of Management 8.08
Daniel C. Ganster36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CSU: Colorado State University),
Christopher C. Rosen20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UA: University of Arkansas)
Research examining the relationship between work stress and well-being has flourished over the past 20 years. At the same time, research on physiological stress processes has also advanced significantly. One of the major advances in this literature has been the emergence of the Allostatic Load model as a central organizing theory for understanding the physiology of stress. In this article, the Allostatic Load model is used as an organizing framework for reviewing the vast literature that has con...
205 Citations Source Cite
Neelam Nigah1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Imperial College London),
Ann Davis12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Aston University),
Scott Hurrell9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Stirling)
This article reports on a study investigating the impact of new employees' satisfaction with buddying on work engagement and explores the role of psychological capital in mediating this relationship. The study took place within a professional services organization wherein data were collected from 78 graduate newcomers in receipt of buddying. Satisfaction with buddying was found to have a positive relationship to both work engagement and psychological capital. The satisfaction with the buddy/work...
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Vocational Behavior 3.05
David M. Sluss13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Georgia Institute of Technology),
Blake E. Ashforth56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Kerry Roberts Gibson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
Abstract Using temporally-lagged data from 146 business and engineering newcomers, we found evidence for a “positive side” of plasticity theory (Brockner, 1988, p. 547) in fostering newcomer adjustment. Specifically, as predicted, we found that higher newcomer generalized self-efficacy positively moderates the association between job design (i.e., task significance of the newcomer's job) and newcomer attitudes (in our study, organizational identification, job satisfaction, intentions to quit). O...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Academy of Management Journal 6.70
Sushil Nifadkar2
Estimated H-index: 2
(GSU: Georgia State University),
Anne S. Tsui5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University),
Blake E. Ashforth56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University)
We examine how supervisor-triggered newcomer affect may link supervisor behaviors with newcomer adjustment and performance. Using emotion as feedback system theory and the approach-avoidance framework, we investigate the influence of newcomers' accumulated supervisor-directed affect on their outcomes. We develop scales to measure the proposed construct, supervisor-triggered newcomer affect, using multicompany samples and test the h3rpothesized model using longitudinal, multisource data from an I...
46 Citations Source Cite
Cited By30
Newest
Agnes Valencia-Raymundo (UST: University of Santo Tomas), Allan B. de Guzman10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UST: University of Santo Tomas)
ABSTRACTEffective role adjustment is crucial for the successful transition of chairs from faculty to academic leaders. Drawing on the data from semi-structured interviews with a select group of Filipino department chairs, this qualitative grounded theory inquiry applies Weick’s framework of sensemaking to the analysis of their role adjustment process. The study attempted to provide a model, which would ensure that newly appointed chairs have a proactive experience of being holistically involved ...
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Career Development 1.47
Katarzyna Ślebarska1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Silesia in Katowice),
Roman Soucek3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg),
Klaus Moser18
Estimated H-index: 18
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Proactivity has positive effects for the adaptation to the workplace. This study introduces an intervention that aims to enhance one important resource of newcomer adaptation, proactive coping, by a resource accumulation and controllability intervention for organizational newcomers. The effectiveness of the intervention (a structured booklet) was assessed in a sample of organizational newcomers (N = 172) within a longitudinal evaluation design (one-pretest double-posttest design with a treatment...
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Vocational Behavior 3.05
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
,
Serge Perrot5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsBerrin Erdogan24
Estimated H-index: 24
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Published on Jun 1, 2019in Personnel Psychology 5.52
Lauren S. Simon (UA: University of Arkansas), Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(PSU: Portland State University)
+ 1 AuthorsWilliam Shepherd2
Estimated H-index: 2
(OSU: Ohio State University)
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Elin Frögli (KI: Karolinska Institutet), Ann Rudman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
+ 1 AuthorsJ. Petter Gustavsson35
Estimated H-index: 35
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
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Published on May 2, 2019 in CHI (Human Factors in Computing Systems)
Allie Blaising1
Estimated H-index: 1
(California Polytechnic State University),
Yasmine Kotturi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Chinmay Kulkarni12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Online freelancer marketplaces offer workers the flexibility and control they desire. However, workers also struggle with the uncertainty resulting from these benefits. In traditional brick-and-mortar workplaces, workers who experience uncertainty during specific phases of their assimilation into a new role or organization engage in information-seeking behaviors. Understanding these phases of heightened uncertainty helps organizations better cater to workers' informational needs e.g. through men...
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Published on Apr 12, 2019in Human Relations 3.04
Songqi Liu10
Estimated H-index: 10
(GSU: Georgia State University),
Peter A. Bamberger33
Estimated H-index: 33
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
+ 2 AuthorsSamuel B. Bacharach34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Cornell University)
What drives newcomers to adopt behaviors that, while perhaps helping them meet short-term role demands and organizational objectives, may also place themselves and/or their organization at risk in the long term? Based on social learning theory, research on onboarding and newcomer socialization suggests that such behavior may be explained by peer modeling. But is this always the case? Using heavy drinking with clients as an empirical referent and incorporating factors from research on learning in...
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Published on Mar 4, 2019in Personnel Review 1.40
Benjamin Thomas (UNO: University of Nebraska Omaha), Patricia Meglich2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UNO: University of Nebraska Omaha)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test the explanatory effects of the system justification theory on reactions to new employee hazing. Design/methodology/approach Three studies (N = 107, 121 and 128), all using experimental assignment, vignettes of workplace hazing and two-level repeated measures ANCOVA designs, with dispositional variables included as covariates and justification of workplace hazing processes as dependent variables, were conducted. Findings Onlookers are more likely to ju...
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Published on Mar 1, 2019in International Journal of Nursing Studies 3.66
Elin Frögéli1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KI: Karolinska Institutet),
Ann Rudman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(KI: Karolinska Institutet),
J. Petter Gustavsson35
Estimated H-index: 35
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
Abstract Background Transitioning into a new professional role is challenging. Unfortunately, little is currently known about how to reduce experiences of stress among new professionals. The socialization processes role clarity, task mastery, and social acceptance are assumed to reduce experiences of stress as they mediate new professionals’ acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors. However, little prospective data is available on the actual effect of the processes on stress. O...
1 Citations Source Cite