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Navigating Uncharted Waters Newcomer Socialization Through the Lens of Stress Theory

Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Management9.06
· DOI :10.1177/0149206314557525
Allison M. Ellis4
Estimated H-index: 4
(PSU: Portland State University),
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(PSU: Portland State University)
+ 3 AuthorsLauren S. Simon10
Estimated H-index: 10
(PSU: Portland State University)
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Abstract
Although the stress and socialization literatures have flourished over the past several decades, they have done so largely independently, and our understanding of the cost of stress to organizations in the form of newcomer turnover, lowered adjustment, and the health and well-being of newcomers is largely unknown. This review takes an explicitly newcomer-centric perspective toward the socialization process by examining newcomer experiences through the lens of popular models of work stress, including the job demands-resources model, the transactional theory of stress, and the challenge-hindrance stressor framework. In doing so, we identify individual and work-related factors that contribute to the experience of stress for newcomers and point to ways in which organizational and employee-driven inputs can assist in building and acquiring important resources needed to cope with the demands faced in a new work role. In addition, we offer a framework that incorporates individual experiences and behaviors as the...
  • References (159)
  • Citations (30)
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References159
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2015in Organizational psychology review4.11
Mo Wang30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UF: University of Florida),
John D. Kammeyer-Mueller25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 1 AuthorsYixuan Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UF: University of Florida)
In the current paper, we provide a formal taxonomy of the organizational context relevant to newcomer socialization. We also propose that what newcomers learn during socialization periods (i.e., socialization content) and how they could learn the new information and knowledge (i.e., socialization process) are two distinct but related aspects of newcomer socialization. Based on these conceptual developments, we establish a theoretical model that articulates the mechanisms via which different cont...
Published on Jul 1, 2014in Journal of Management9.06
Jonathon R. B. Halbesleben34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UA: University of Alabama),
Jean-Pierre Neveu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Montpellier)
+ 1 AuthorsMina Westman27
Estimated H-index: 27
(TAU: Tel Aviv University)
Proposed as a theory of motivation, the basic tenet of conservation of resources (COR) theory is that humans are motivated to protect their current resources and acquire new resources. Despite its recent popularity in the organizational behavior literature, several criticisms of the theory have emerged, primarily related to the central concept of resources. In this review, we address concerns regarding the conceptualization, conservation, acquisition, fluctuation, and measurement of resources. W...
Published on Mar 21, 2014
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(PSU: Portland State University),
Berrin Erdogan24
Estimated H-index: 24
(PSU: Portland State University)
In this article, the organizational socialization literature is reviewed through the lens of newcomer capital. We give an overview of the socialization literature and examine established and proposed linkages among four components of newcomer personal capital: human, social, psychological, and cultural capital. Then, we theoretically explore and discuss how the socialization adjustment process, consisting of newcomer experience, role clarity, social acceptance, and self-efficacy, is affected by ...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in International Journal of Stress Management2.18
Bryan D. Edwards17
Estimated H-index: 17
(OSU: Oklahoma State University–Stillwater),
Ana M. Franco-Watkins11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 2 AuthorsRoy E. Acuff2
Estimated H-index: 2
We put forth a theoretical unification of 2 of the more popular theories of job stress: challenge-hindrance and the sociocognitive models of stress, to explain the process by which stress impacts performance. In Study 1, we manipulated challenge (n 98) and hindrance stress (n 96) and measured its effect on perceived stress, on-task effort, negative affective thoughts, and decision-making performance. The relationship between perceived stress and performance was fully mediated by on-task effort a...
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology5.13
Caitlin A. Demsky4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Allison M. Ellis4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Charlotte Fritz18
Estimated H-index: 18
The current study investigates workplace aggression and psychological detachment from work as possible antecedents of work-family conflict. We draw upon Conservation of Resources theory and the Effort-Recovery Model to argue that employees who fail to psychologically detach from stressful events in the workplace experience a relative lack of resources that is negatively associated with functioning in the nonwork domain. Further, we extend prior research on antecedents of work-family conflict by ...
Published on Nov 1, 2013in Journal of Management9.06
Laura G. E. Smith12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Bath),
Catherine E. Amiot20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UQAM: Université du Québec à Montréal)
+ 2 AuthorsDeborah J. Terry57
Estimated H-index: 57
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Considerable research has explored the variables that affect the success of newcomer on-boarding, socialization, and retention. We build on this research by examining how newcomer socialization is affected by the degree to which newcomers’ peers and leaders provide them with positive feedback. We refer to newcomers’ perceptions of this feedback as “social validation.” This study examines the impact of social validation from peers and leaders on the development of organizational identification ov...
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Journal of Management9.06
Daniel C. Ganster36
Estimated H-index: 36
(CSU: Colorado State University),
Christopher C. Rosen20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UA: University of Arkansas)
Research examining the relationship between work stress and well-being has flourished over the past 20 years. At the same time, research on physiological stress processes has also advanced significantly. One of the major advances in this literature has been the emergence of the Allostatic Load model as a central organizing theory for understanding the physiology of stress. In this article, the Allostatic Load model is used as an organizing framework for reviewing the vast literature that has con...
Neelam Nigah1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Imperial College London),
Ann Davis12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Aston University),
Scott Hurrell9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Stirling)
This article reports on a study investigating the impact of new employees' satisfaction with buddying on work engagement and explores the role of psychological capital in mediating this relationship. The study took place within a professional services organization wherein data were collected from 78 graduate newcomers in receipt of buddying. Satisfaction with buddying was found to have a positive relationship to both work engagement and psychological capital. The satisfaction with the buddy/work...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
David M. Sluss13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Georgia Institute of Technology),
Blake E. Ashforth56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Kerry Roberts Gibson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Georgia Institute of Technology)
Abstract Using temporally-lagged data from 146 business and engineering newcomers, we found evidence for a “positive side” of plasticity theory (Brockner, 1988, p. 547) in fostering newcomer adjustment. Specifically, as predicted, we found that higher newcomer generalized self-efficacy positively moderates the association between job design (i.e., task significance of the newcomer's job) and newcomer attitudes (in our study, organizational identification, job satisfaction, intentions to quit). O...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Academy of Management Journal7.19
Sushil Nifadkar2
Estimated H-index: 2
(GSU: Georgia State University),
Anne S. Tsui5
Estimated H-index: 5
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University),
Blake E. Ashforth56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University)
We examine how supervisor-triggered newcomer affect may link supervisor behaviors with newcomer adjustment and performance. Using emotion as feedback system theory and the approach-avoidance framework, we investigate the influence of newcomers' accumulated supervisor-directed affect on their outcomes. We develop scales to measure the proposed construct, supervisor-triggered newcomer affect, using multicompany samples and test the h3rpothesized model using longitudinal, multisource data from an I...
Cited By30
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Human Resource Management Review3.63
Sherry E. Sullivan24
Estimated H-index: 24
(BGSU: Bowling Green State University),
Akram Al Ariss14
Estimated H-index: 14
Abstract Although scholars across numerous disciplines have studied specific types of career transitions, there has been no examination of the career transitions literature as a general phenomenon since Louis' seminal article was published four decades ago. Much has changed in the career landscape in the last forty years, including the number and types of career transitions being made by individuals. Using an inductive approach, the five major theoretical perspectives of career stage, decision-m...
Published on 2019in Journal of Business and Psychology2.58
Francesco Montani (International University of Monaco), Ilaria Setti5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UNIPV: University of Pavia)
+ 2 AuthorsGabriele Giorgi18
Estimated H-index: 18
This study aims to clarify to what extent, how and under what conditions role conflict is positively related to employee creativity. Drawing on activation theory and conservation of resources theory, we hypothesized an inverted U-shaped relationship between role conflict and creativity in which the relationship is stronger and positive at intermediate levels of role conflict. Additionally, we predicted that this curvilinear path would be mediated by cognitive adjustment at work and moderated by ...
Chris Woodrow6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Reading),
David Guest41
Estimated H-index: 41
('KCL': King's College London)
Published on Jul 6, 2019in Journal of Business and Psychology2.58
Helena D. Cooper-Thomas14
Estimated H-index: 14
(AUT: Auckland University of Technology),
Matthias Stadler (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)+ 5 AuthorsShevaun Tansley (University of Auckland)
Models of organizational socialization situate newcomer understanding and social integration as critical proximal outcomes, yet researchers have identified both theoretical and psychometric weaknesses in existing survey measures. Drawing on prior research, we provide an aggregated critique of four previous measures of socialization content; propose a conceptualization of socialization content along three core domains, of role, relationships, and organization; and, leveraging the items from the f...
Agnes Valencia-Raymundo (UST: University of Santo Tomas), Allan B. de Guzman10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UST: University of Santo Tomas)
ABSTRACTEffective role adjustment is crucial for the successful transition of chairs from faculty to academic leaders. Drawing on the data from semi-structured interviews with a select group of Fil...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Career Development1.43
Katarzyna Ślebarska1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Silesia in Katowice),
Roman Soucek3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg),
Klaus Moser18
Estimated H-index: 18
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
Proactivity has positive effects for the adaptation to the workplace. This study introduces an intervention that aims to enhance one important resource of newcomer adaptation, proactive coping, by a resource accumulation and controllability intervention for organizational newcomers. The effectiveness of the intervention (a structured booklet) was assessed in a sample of organizational newcomers (N = 172) within a longitudinal evaluation design (one-pretest double-posttest design with a treatment...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Journal of Vocational Behavior3.39
Talya N. Bauer32
Estimated H-index: 32
,
Serge Perrot5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsBerrin Erdogan24
Estimated H-index: 24
Abstract Proactive newcomers are more successful in terms of integration and job satisfaction, than newcomers who are less proactive. However, it is unclear whether contextual factors, such as the leadership style experienced by newcomers, matter. To address this gap in the literature, we gathered data at three times from 247 new employees across their first six months after joining a company in France. Given that past research has found that newcomers play an active role in their own adjustment...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Personnel Psychology6.93
Lauren S. Simon10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UA: University of Arkansas),
Lauren S. Simon (UA: University of Arkansas)+ 1 AuthorsWilliam Shepherd2
Estimated H-index: 2
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Elin Frögli (KI: Karolinska Institutet), Ann Rudman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
+ 1 AuthorsJ. Petter Gustavsson35
Estimated H-index: 35
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
Published on May 2, 2019 in CHI (Human Factors in Computing Systems)
Allie Blaising1
Estimated H-index: 1
(California Polytechnic State University),
Yasmine Kotturi2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University),
Chinmay Kulkarni12
Estimated H-index: 12
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Online freelancer marketplaces offer workers the flexibility and control they desire. However, workers also struggle with the uncertainty resulting from these benefits. In traditional brick-and-mortar workplaces, workers who experience uncertainty during specific phases of their assimilation into a new role or organization engage in information-seeking behaviors. Understanding these phases of heightened uncertainty helps organizations better cater to workers' informational needs e.g. through men...
View next paperNewcomer Adjustment During Organizational Socialization: A Meta- Analytic Review of Antecedents, Outcomes, and Methods