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Habitual Dietary Patterns of Patients on Hemodialysis Indicate Nutritional Risk.

Published on Nov 22, 2019in Journal of Renal Nutrition2.75
· DOI :10.1053/J.JRN.2019.09.010
Ayesha Sualeheen (UKM: National University of Malaysia), B.H. Khor2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UKM: National University of Malaysia)
+ 16 AuthorsZaki Morad2
Estimated H-index: 2
(National Kidney Foundation)
Sources
Abstract
Objective This study aimed to (i) determine habitual dietary patterns of Malaysian patients on hemodialysis (HD) and (ii) examine their association with nutritional status. Methods An a posteriori approach examined 3-day dietary recalls of 382 multiethnic Malaysian patients on HD, leading to short-listing of 31 food groups. Dietary patterns were derived through principal component analysis. Sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics together with nutritional parameters were examined for associations with specific dietary patterns. Results Four dietary patterns emerged, namely, "Home Food," "Eating Out (EO)-Rice," "EO-Sugar sweetened beverages," and "EO-Noodle." Younger patients, male gender, Malay, and patients with working status were more likely to follow "EO-Rice" and "EO-Sugar sweetened beverages" patterns, while Chinese patients were more likely to consume "EO-Noodle" pattern (all P values  Conclusions These results indicated that a home-based diet inclusive of healthy food choices was associated with better nutritional status in this HD population.
  • References (42)
  • Citations (2)
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References42
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Abstract Background Dietary pattern analysis is a complementary method to nutrient analysis in evaluating overall diet–disease hypotheses. Although studies have been conducted to derive dietary patterns among Malaysians, their consistency across subgroups has not been examined. Objective The study aimed to derive dietary patterns empirically and to examine the consistency and generalizability of patterns across sex, ethnicity, and urban status in a working population. Design This was a cross-sec...
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The association between dietary patterns and health outcomes, such as quality of life (QOL), in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients with certain racial backgrounds has not been studied in detail. QOL is a powerful outcome measure in which dietary patterns could be a modifying factor. This study is a secondary analysis examining the association between dietary patterns and health outcomes in 101 African American (AA) maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients participating in the Palm Tocotrieno...
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#1Maurizio BossolaH-Index: 36
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