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The Impact of Different Forms of #fitspiration Imagery on Body Image, Mood, and Self-Objectification among Young Women
Published on Sep 12, 2017in Sex Roles 2.02
· DOI :10.1007/s11199-017-0830-3
Ivanka Prichard11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Flinders University),
Annabel C. McLachlan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Flinders University)
+ 1 AuthorsMarika Tiggemann73
Estimated H-index: 73
(Flinders University)
The present study experimentally examined the impact of different forms of inspirational fitness images (“fitspiration”) on women’s body image. Australian female participants (n = 152, 17–30 years-old; M age = 21.55, SD = 3.94) were randomly assigned to view fitspiration media which depicted the body in a functional (performing exercise) or non-functional (posed) way, with or without accompanying appearance-focused text. There were no main effects of image type or text presence for body satisfaction, mood, or state self-objectification. However, state body satisfaction decreased and negative mood increased over time following exposure to the fitspiration images. Trait self-objectification moderated the impact of image type and text on state body satisfaction, such that viewing functional images presented with appearance-focused text resulted in poorer body satisfaction for women with higher trait self-objectification, but not for those with lower self-objectification. The findings demonstrate that irrespective of focus or presence of text, exposure to fitspiration images decreases body satisfaction and increases negative mood, highlighting the potential negative consequences of engaging with fitspiration media.
  • References (37)
  • Cited By (6)
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Body Image 3.60
Marika Tiggemann73
Estimated H-index: 73
(Flinders University),
Mia Zaccardo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Flinders University)
Abstract Fitspiration is an online trend designed to inspire viewers towards a healthier lifestyle by promoting exercise and healthy food. The present study aimed to experimentally investigate the impact of fitspiration images on women's body image. Participants were 130 female undergraduate students who were randomly assigned to view either a set of Instagram fitspiration images or a control set of travel images presented on an iPad. Results showed that acute exposure to fitspiration images led...
84 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 9, 1998
Sarah Grogan25
Estimated H-index: 25
Introduction. Culture and Body Image. The Idealization of Slenderness. The Basis of Body Shape Ideals. The Diet Industry. Recent Cultural Trends. Summary. Women and Body Image. Assessment of Body Image. Behavioural Indicators of Body Dissatisfaction. Social Construction of Femininity. Summary. Men and Body Image. Assessment of Body Image. Behavioral Indicators of Body Dissatisfaction. Social Construction of Masculinity. Summary. Media Effects. Surveys Relating Media Exposure to Body Image. Studi...
910 Citations
Published on Sep 1, 1994in Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 1.30
Eric Stice5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Arizona State University),
Heather Shaw32
Estimated H-index: 32
Although researchers have postulated that the thin-ideal body image portrayed in the media contributes to eating pathology among females, little research has directly examined the effects of these images on women. The central aim of the present study was to experimentally assess the effects of exposure to the thin-ideal on women's affect, body satisfaction, and endorsement of the thin-ideal stereotype. The secondary aim was to link these putative mediators to bulimic symptomatology. Female under...
559 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2015in Body Image 3.60
Catherine Benton2
Estimated H-index: 2
(College of Wooster),
Bryan T. Karazsia14
Estimated H-index: 14
(College of Wooster)
Abstract A substantial body of research documents that exposure to images depicting a “thin ideal” body figure effects women's state-oriented body satisfaction. However, there is evidence that the societal ideal body figure of females is evolving to be not just thin, but also muscular or toned. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to test the effect of exposure to ideal body figures that are both thin and muscular on female state body satisfaction. Researchers recruited female participant...
23 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Body Image 3.60
Kristin J. Homan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Grove City College),
Erin McHugh1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Grove City College)
+ 2 AuthorsCarolyn King1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Grove City College)
Abstract Modern ideals of female attractiveness include an extremely toned and fit appearance in addition to extreme thinness. Although viewing thin models has a negative effect on women's body image, research has not tested the effect of exposure to the ultra-fit physique separate from the thin-ideal. This randomized, posttest-only experiment tested the effects of the athletic aspect of the current ideal by exposing 138 undergraduate women to thin and athletic models, normal weight athletic mod...
65 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 1998in Psychology of Women Quarterly 2.97
Stephanie M. Noll4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Duke University),
Barbara L. Fredrickson63
Estimated H-index: 63
(University of Michigan)
This study tests a mediational model of disordered eating derived from objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997). The model proposes that the emotion of body shame mediates the relationship between self-objectification and disordered eating. Two samples of undergraduate women (n = 93, n = 111) completed self-report questionnaires assessing self-objectification, body shame, anorexic and bulimic symptoms, and dietary restraint. Findings in both samples supported the mediational model. A...
527 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Eating Disorders 1.35
Nicole Hawkins1
Estimated H-index: 1
P. Scott Richards25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Brigham Young University)
+ 1 AuthorsDavid M. Stein11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Utah State University)
The purpose of this study was to experimentally examine the effects of exposure to the thin-ideal body image on women's affect, self-esteem, body satisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, and level of internalization of the thin-ideal. College women (N = 145) were randomly exposed to photographs from popular magazines containing either thin-ideal images or neutral images. Exposure to thin-ideal magazine images increased body dissatisfaction, negative mood states, and eating disorder symptoms and d...
154 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Psychological Assessment 3.37
Lauren M. Schaefer9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of South Florida),
Natasha L. Burke4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of South Florida)
+ 19 AuthorsMackenzie C. Kelly3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Hawaii at Manoa)
78 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2002in International Journal of Eating Disorders 3.90
Lisa M. Groesz1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Kenyon College),
Michael P. Levine29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Kenyon College),
Sarah K. Murnen24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Kenyon College)
Objective The effect of experimental manipulations of the thin beauty ideal, as portrayed in the mass media, on female body image was evaluated using meta-analysis. Method Data from 25 studies (43 effect sizes) were used to examine the main effect of mass media images of the slender ideal, as well as the moderating effects of pre-existing body image problems, the age of the participants, the number of stimulus presentations, and the type of research design. Results Body image was significantly m...
1,144 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2009in Psychology of Women Quarterly 2.97
Rachel M. Calogero28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Kent),
Sylvia Herbozo11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of South Florida),
J. Kevin Thompson70
Estimated H-index: 70
(University of South Florida)
Little is known about the effects of receiving compliments about appearance. An ethnically diverse sample of 220 college women completed self-report measures of appearance commentary, trait self-objectification, body surveillance, and body dissatisfaction. Results indicated that the impact of appearance criticisms and compliments, but not their frequency, predicted higher body surveillance and more body dissatisfaction. Moderated mediation analyses indicated that increased body surveillance part...
81 Citations Source Cite
Cited By6
Published on Aug 13, 2018in Frontiers in Psychology 2.09
Rotem Kahalon2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tel Aviv University),
Nurit Shnabel15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Tel Aviv University),
Julia C. Becker19
Estimated H-index: 19
This paper provides an organizing framework for the experimental research on the effects of state self-objectification on women. We explain why this body of work, which had grown rapidly in the last 20 years, departs from the original formulation of objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997). We compare the different operationalizations of state self-objectification and examine how they map onto its theoretical definition, concluding that the operationalizations have focused mostly on ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 3, 2018in Journal of Interactive Advertising
Ian P. Bigley (University of Nevada, Reno), James M. Leonhardt1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Nevada, Reno)
AbstractThe present research finds support for an extremity bias in social media. User-generated content in social media is found to portray more extreme behavior than what is observed in offline and nonmedia contexts. This bias is observed in the context of makeup-related consumer behavior. Study 1 finds that consumers with higher (lower) self-reported extremity in their makeup style are more likely to create (consume) makeup-related content in social media. Likewise, Study 2 finds that makeup ...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in BMC Public Health 2.42
Michelle Raggatt (Burnet Institute), Cassandra J. C. Wright5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Monash University)
+ 4 AuthorsMegan S. C. Lim18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Monash University)
Background Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing.
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Body Image 3.60
Scott Griffiths13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Melbourne),
David Castle56
Estimated H-index: 56
(University of Melbourne)
+ 3 AuthorsFiona Kate Barlow18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Queensland)
Abstract Thinspiration and fitspiration are classes of social media content characterised by idealised depictions of excessively thin and overtly fit/lean bodies, respectively. It is currently unknown whether and how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to symptom severity within high-risk clinical populations. Thus, in a clinical sample of individuals with eating disorders, we evaluated a model explaining how exposure to thinspiration and fitspiration relates to eating disorder sy...
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Published on Dec 11, 2018in Fat Studies
Jennifer B. Webb11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
Erin Vinoski Thomas1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
+ 3 AuthorsDavina Y. Putz1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
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View next paper“Exercise to be fit, not skinny”: The effect of fitspiration imagery on women's body image