Sirtuin 2 mutations in human cancers impair its function in genome maintenance

Published on Jun 16, 2017in Journal of Biological Chemistry4.106
· DOI :10.1074/jbc.M116.772566
PamelaSara E. Head4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Emory University),
Hui Zhang9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Emory University)
+ 5 AuthorsDavid S. Yu20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Emory University)
Abstract Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is a sirtuin family deacetylase, which maintains genome integrity and prevents tumorigenesis. Although Sirt2 deficiency in mice leads to tumorigenesis, the functional significance of somatic SIRT2 mutations in human tumors is unclear. Using structural insight combined with bioinformatics and functional analyses, we show that naturally occurring cancer-associated SIRT2 mutations at evolutionarily conserved sites disrupt its deacetylation of DNA-damage response proteins by impairing SIRT2 catalytic activity or protein levels but not its localization or binding with substrate. We observed that these SIRT2 mutant proteins fail to restore the replication stress sensitivity, impairment in recovery from replication stress, and impairment in ATR-interacting protein (ATRIP) focus accumulation of SIRT2 deficiency. Moreover, the SIRT2 mutant proteins failed to rescue the spontaneous induction of DNA damage and micronuclei of SIRT2 deficiency in cancer cells. Our findings support a model for SIRT2's tumor-suppressive function in which somatic mutations in SIRT2 contribute to genomic instability by impairing its deacetylase activity or diminishing its protein levels in the DNA-damage response. In conclusion, our work provides a mechanistic basis for understanding the biological and clinical significance of SIRT2 mutations in genome maintenance and tumor suppression.
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