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Temperament Distinguishes Persistent/Recurrent from Remitting Anxiety Disorders Across Early Childhood

Published on Nov 2, 2018in Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 4.36
· DOI :10.1080/15374416.2016.1212362
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 3 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
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Abstract
Up to 20% of preschool-age children meet criteria for anxiety disorders and, for a large subset, anxiety appears to persist throughout early childhood. However, little is known about which factors predict persistence/recurrence of anxiety in young children. Temperament, including behavioral inhibition (BI), negative emotionality (NE), and positive emotionality (PE), predict the onset of anxiety disorders, but to our knowledge no study has examined whether temperament predicts the course of anxiety in young children. From a community sample of 3-year-olds, we identified 89 children (79.8% White, non-Hispanic; 41.6% female) who met criteria for an anxiety disorder and examined whether observed and parent-reported BI, NE, and PE at age 3 distinguished children who continued to meet criteria for an anxiety disorder from those who remitted by age 6. Higher levels of BI and lower levels of PE assessed in the laboratory and higher parent-reported BI and shyness and lower surgency at age 3 significantly predicted...
  • References (79)
  • Citations (3)
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References79
Newest
Published on Feb 10, 2016in Development and Psychopathology 3.59
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Margaret W. Dyson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UCSD: University of California, San Diego)
+ 1 AuthorsLauren S. Wakschlag20
Estimated H-index: 20
(NU: Northwestern University)
In this chapter on preschool psychopathology, we discuss common emotional and behavioral syndromes during the preschool developmental period, including attentional, oppositional, conduct, anxiety, and mood problems. Current knowledge based on the current classification system will be summarized briefly, including rates of disorders, patterns of comorbidity, and evidence of reliability and validity (e.g., stability of disorders, associations with impairment, observed behavior, and family history)...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 6.13
Marco Battaglia14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Laval University),
Évelyne Touchette22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Laval University)
+ 5 AuthorsMichel Boivin52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Laval University)
Background Little is known about how children differ in the onset and evolution of separation anxiety (SA) symptoms during the preschool years, and how SA develops into separation anxiety disorder. In a large, representative population-based sample, we investigated the developmental trajectories of SA symptoms from infancy to school entry, their early associated risk factors, and their associations with teachers' ratings of SA in kindergarten. Methods Longitudinal assessment of SA trajectories a...
Suneeta Monga9
Estimated H-index: 9
(U of T: University of Toronto),
Brittany N. Rosenbloom9
Estimated H-index: 9
(U of T: University of Toronto)
+ 2 AuthorsArlene Young1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of G: University of Guelph)
Objective Childhood anxiety disorders (AD) are prevalent, debilitating disorders. The most effective treatment approach for children less than 8 years old requires further investigation. The study's primary objective was to compare 2 cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) group programs. CBT was delivered to children 5 to 7 years old and their parents (child–parent) or only to parents (parent-only), whereas children attended group sessions but did not receive CBT. Method Using a prospective, repeate...
Published on Jan 1, 2015in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 4.36
Andrea Chronis-Tuscano26
Estimated H-index: 26
,
Kenneth H. Rubin77
Estimated H-index: 77
+ 10 AuthorsSuzanne L. Huggins1
Estimated H-index: 1
Fifteen to twenty percent of young children can be classified as behaviorally inhibited (BI) during infancy, and roughly half continue to display socially reticent behaviors throughout childhood (Degnan & Fox, 2007). Prospective studies demonstrate that stable BI across infancy and early childhood is associated with the development of later anxiety, particularly social anxiety disorder (SAD; Chronis-Tuscano et al., 2009) – suggesting a need for early intervention. Parenting characterized by inap...
Published on Jul 1, 2014in Behaviour Research and Therapy 4.31
Caroline L. Donovan17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Griffith University),
Sonja March13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Southern Queensland)
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an internet-based, therapist assisted, parent-focussed, CBT program for preschoolers with anxiety disorders. Fifty-two children aged 3–6 years were randomly allocated into internet treatment (NET) and waitlist control (WLC) groups. Parents completed diagnostic interviews and online questionnaires at pre-treatment, post-treatment and 6-month follow-up. Results at post-treatment showed a significantly greater reduction in clinical s...
Ronald M. Rapee75
Estimated H-index: 75
Objective Of the few risk factors identified for the development of anxiety disorders, behavioral inhibition has received the strongest support. However, studies examining prediction of anxiety disorder from inhibition over time have not been extensive, and very few have assessed the impact of inhibition assessed early in life on anxiety in adolescence. Method The current study assessed 3 risk factors among 91 children when they were approximately 4 years of age, and determined anxiety diagnoses...
Lauren Franz10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Duke University),
Adrian Angold86
Estimated H-index: 86
(Duke University)
+ 3 AuthorsHelen L. Egger32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Duke University)
Objective We sought to establish prevalence rates and detail patterns of comorbidity for generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, and social phobia in preschool-aged children. Method The Duke Preschool Anxiety Study, a screen-stratified, cross-sectional study, drew from pediatric primary care and oversampled for children at risk for anxiety. A total of 917 parents of preschool children (aged 2–5 years) completed the Preschool Age Psychiatric Assessment. Results Generalized anxi...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 6.13
Lars Wichstrøm37
Estimated H-index: 37
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology),
Jay Belsky104
Estimated H-index: 104
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are often present at preschool age. Research on older children and studies contrasting preschoolers with high versus low behavioral inhibition (BI) highlight several risk factors, but these have not been investigated in community samples of young children. Child, parent, and peer factors at age 4 were therefore examined as potential predictors of anxiety disorders at age 6. METHODS: Two birth cohorts of 4-year olds living in the city of Trondheim, Norway, were scree...
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Marissa R. Tolep3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 6 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
This study examined correlates of preschoolers’ anxiety disorders using a comprehensive, multimethod design. Participants included a community sample of 541 three-year-old children, of whom 106 (19.6%) met criteria for at least 1 anxiety disorder. Child and parental psychopathology and life stress were assessed with clinical interviews. Child temperament and parenting behavior were assessed with laboratory observations. Mothers and fathers reported on their parenting styles. Compared to preschoo...
Sarah Anticich3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Paula M. Barrett41
Estimated H-index: 41
(UQ: University of Queensland)
+ 2 AuthorsRobyn M. Gillies26
Estimated H-index: 26
(UQ: University of Queensland)
This study is the first to examine the effectiveness of the Fun FRIENDS programme, a school-based, universal preventive intervention for early childhood anxiety and promotion of resilience delivered by classroom teachers. Participants (N ¼ 488) included children aged 4 ‐ 7 years attending 1 of 14 Catholic Education schools in Brisbane, Australia. The schools were randomly allocated to one of three groups, the intervention, active comparison and waitlist control group. Parents completed standardi...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of Anxiety Disorders 3.47
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University)
Abstract Although anxiety can be early-emerging, impairing, and persistent, behaviors relevant to anxiety mirror typical development in early childhood. To better understand the spectrum of typical to problematic behavior, this study characterizes the range of frequency and severity of separation and social anxiety behaviors and associated impairment in preschool-aged children using a novel daily diary method. Primary caregivers of 291 3-5-year-old children reported the frequency of children’s d...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 3.41
Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University),
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos)
+ 3 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Recent research has described the structure of psychopathology as including one general and multiple specific factors, and this structure has been found in samples across development. However, little work has examined whether this structure is consistent across time, particularly in young children, within the same sample. Further, few studies have examined factors that influence the magnitude of the stability of latent dimensions of psychopathology. In the present study, we examine these issues ...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Daniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Emma Mumper1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Understanding the association between temperamental behavioral inhibition (BI) and psychopathology has implications for elucidating etiological factors, identifying early indicators of risk, and informing prevention. We begin by discussing the relations between behavioral inhibition and other widely used temperament/personality constructs and go on to outline a number of conceptual models of the temperament-psychopathology relationship. We then review data from cross-sectional, follow-up, and fa...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of Anxiety Disorders 3.47
Tamsyn Gilbertson4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Melbourne),
Amy J. Morgan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Melbourne)
+ 2 AuthorsJordana K. Bayer21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Melbourne)
Abstract Despite growing recognition of childhood anxiety as a common and often debilitating clinical concern, we have limited knowledge of the particular ways in which anxiety interferes with daily life for young children who have not yet entered formal schooling. The present study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Child Anxiety Life Interference Scale – Preschool Version (CALIS-PV). The CALIS-PV is a brief (18 item) parent-report measure of the impacts of a young child’s anxiety on ...