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Temperament Distinguishes Persistent/Recurrent from Remitting Anxiety Disorders Across Early Childhood

Published on Nov 2, 2018in Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology4.36
· DOI :10.1080/15374416.2016.1212362
Sara J. Bufferd16
Estimated H-index: 16
(CSUSM: California State University San Marcos),
Lea R. Dougherty23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 3 AuthorsDaniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract
Up to 20% of preschool-age children meet criteria for anxiety disorders and, for a large subset, anxiety appears to persist throughout early childhood. However, little is known about which factors predict persistence/recurrence of anxiety in young children. Temperament, including behavioral inhibition (BI), negative emotionality (NE), and positive emotionality (PE), predict the onset of anxiety disorders, but to our knowledge no study has examined whether temperament predicts the course of anxiety in young children. From a community sample of 3-year-olds, we identified 89 children (79.8% White, non-Hispanic; 41.6% female) who met criteria for an anxiety disorder and examined whether observed and parent-reported BI, NE, and PE at age 3 distinguished children who continued to meet criteria for an anxiety disorder from those who remitted by age 6. Higher levels of BI and lower levels of PE assessed in the laboratory and higher parent-reported BI and shyness and lower surgency at age 3 significantly predicted...
  • References (79)
  • Citations (3)
References79
Newest
#1Sara J. Bufferd (CSUSM: California State University San Marcos)H-Index: 16
#2Margaret W. Dyson (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 5
Last.Lauren S. Wakschlag (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 20
view all 4 authors...
#1Lars Wichstrøm (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 37
#2Jay Belsky (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 104
Last.Turid Suzanne Berg-Nielsen (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 13
view all 3 authors...
#1Lea R. Dougherty (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 23
#2Marissa R. Tolep (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 3
Last.Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 72
view all 9 authors...
#1Sarah Anticich (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 3
#2Paula M. Barrett (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 41
Last.Robyn M. Gillies (UQ: University of Queensland)H-Index: 26
view all 5 authors...
Cited By3
Newest
#1Sara J. Bufferd (CSUSM: California State University San Marcos)H-Index: 16
#2Lea R. Dougherty (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 23
Last.Thomas M. Olino (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 31
view all 3 authors...
#1Thomas M. Olino (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 31
#2Sara J. Bufferd (CSUSM: California State University San Marcos)H-Index: 16
Last.Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 72
view all 6 authors...
#1Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 72
#2Emma Mumper (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 1
#1Tamsyn Gilbertson (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 4
#2Amy J. Morgan (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 22
Last.Jordana K. Bayer (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 21
view all 5 authors...
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