Association of anti-oxidized LDL and candidate genes with severity of coronary stenosis in the Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation study
Atherosclerosis is the major cause of coronary artery disease (CAD), and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) is believed to play a key role in the initiation of the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies show that inflammation and autoimmune reactions are also relevant in atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the association of antibodies against oxLDL (anti-oxLDL) with the severity of CAD in 558 Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study samples (465 whites; 93 blacks) determined by coronary stenosis ( 50% stenosis). We also examined the relationship of anti-oxLDL with serum lipid levels and nine candidate genes including APOE, APOH, APOA5, LPL, LRP1, HL, CETP, PON1, and OLR1. IgM anti-oxLDL levels were significantly higher in the >20% stenosis group than in the ≥20% stenosis group in whites (0.69 ± 0.02 vs. 0.64 ± 0.01, respectively; P = 0.02). IgM anti-oxLDL levels correlated significantly with total cholesterol (r2 = 0.01; P = 0.03) and LDL cholesterol (r2 = 0.017; P = 0.004) in whites. Multiple regression analysis revealed a suggestive association of LPL/S447X single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with both IgG anti-oxLDL (P = 0.02) and IgM anti-oxLDL (P = 0.07), as well as between IgM anti-oxLDL and the OLR1/3′UTR SNP (P = 0.020). Our data suggest that higher IgM anti-oxLDL levels may provide protection against coronary stenosis and that genetic variation in some candidate genes are determinants of anti-oxLDL levels.