Effects of the Amount and Intensity of Exercise on Plasma Lipoproteins

Published on Nov 7, 2002in The New England Journal of Medicine70.67
· DOI :10.1056/NEJMoa020194
William E. Kraus79
Estimated H-index: 79
Joseph A. Houmard58
Estimated H-index: 58
+ 9 AuthorsCris A. Slentz36
Estimated H-index: 36
Background Increased physical activity is related to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, possibly because it leads to improvement in the lipoprotein profile. However, the amount of exercise training required for optimal benefit is unknown. In a prospective, randomized study, we investigated the effects of the amount and intensity of exercise on lipoproteins. Methods A total of 111 sedentary, overweight men and women with mild-to-moderate dyslipidemia were randomly assigned to participate for six months in a control group or for approximately eight months in one of three exercise groups: high-amount–high-intensity exercise, the caloric equivalent of jogging 20 mi (32.0 km) per week at 65 to 80 percent of peak oxygen consumption; low-amount–high-intensity exercise, the equivalent of jogging 12 mi (19.2 km) per week at 65 to 80 percent of peak oxygen consumption; or low-amount–moderate-intensity exercise, the equivalent of walking 12 mi per week at 40 to 55 percent of peak oxygen consumption. Subjects we...
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