Branding/Logomark minus Citation Combined Shape Icon/Bookmark-empty Icon/Copy Icon/Collection Icon/Close Copy 7 no author result Created with Sketch. Icon/Back Created with Sketch. Match!

Is the Promissory Note of Personality as Vulnerability to Depression in Default? Reply to Zuroff, Mongrain, and Santor (2004).

Published on Jan 1, 2004in Psychological Bulletin 16.41
· DOI :10.1037/0033-2909.130.3.512
James C. Coyne74
Estimated H-index: 74
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania),
Richard Thompson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Juvenile Protective Association),
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(U of O: University of Ottawa)
Cite
  • References (60)
  • Citations (16)
Cite
References60
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Psychological Bulletin 16.41
David C. Zuroff51
Estimated H-index: 51
(McGill University),
Myriam Mongrain22
Estimated H-index: 22
(York University),
Darcy A. Santor28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Dal: Dalhousie University)
J. C. Coyne and V. E. Whiffen (1995) reviewed research on personality vulnerability to depression, focusing on S. J. Blatt's (1974, 1990) concepts of dependency and self-criticism and A. T. Beck's (1983) concepts of sociotropy and autonomy. The authors discuss 6 issues raised in that review: (a) the typological or dimensional nature of vulnerability, (b) the theoretical implications of "mixed" vulnerability, (c) the relations of vulnerability to Neuroticism, (d) the potential confounding of vuln...
204 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2003in Journal of Marketing Research 4.20
Julie R. Irwin21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Texas at Austin),
Gary H. McClelland33
Estimated H-index: 33
(CU: University of Colorado Boulder)
Abstract Marketing researchers frequently split (dichotomize) continuous predictor variables into two groups, as with a median split, before performing data analysis. The practice is prevalent, but its effects are not well understood. In this article, the authors present historical results on the effects of dichotomization of normal predictor variables rederived in a regression context that may be more relevant to marketing researchers. The authors then present new results on the effect of dicho...
266 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2003in Current Opinion in Psychiatry 4.48
Helena C. Kraemer117
Estimated H-index: 117
(Stanford University)
40 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2003in Developmental Psychology 3.34
Golan Shahar36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Yale University),
Christopher C. Henrich31
Estimated H-index: 31
(GSU: Georgia State University)
+ 2 AuthorsTodd D. Little67
Estimated H-index: 67
(Yale University)
The authors examined a theoretical model linking interpersonal relatedness and self-definition (S. J. Blatt,1974), autonomous and controlled regulation (E. L. Deci & R. M. Ryan, 1985), and negative and positivelife events in adolescence (N 860). They hypothesized that motivational orientation would mediate theeffects of interpersonal relatedness and self-definition on life events. Self-criticism, a maladaptive formof self-definition, predicted less positive events, whereas efficacy, an adaptive ...
108 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2003in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 2.84
Darcy A. Santor28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Dal: Dalhousie University)
Research and theorizing on vulnerability to depression has expanded considerably in the past 40 years. However, there are a number of challenges and opportunities that cannot be adequately resolved or fully exploited within models of vulnerability that are typically investigated. Continued progress in understanding the link between vulnerability factors and mood depends on a fuller understanding of depressive vulnerability factors themselves. Understanding the proximal effects of vulnerability f...
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2003in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy 2.84
James C. Coyne74
Estimated H-index: 74
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania),
Richard Thompson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
Work guided by diathesis-stress models of depression has not been as productive or clinically relevant as hoped. Santor (this issue) suggests some promising refinements of these theories. He proposes more of a contextual focus and addresses temporal instability in presumed diatheses. However, if carelessly applied, the innovations he proposes risk being so accommodating of diverse findings as to be unfalsifiable. Santor also suggests that the selection of coping strategies may be the means by wh...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2002in Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 0.80
David C. Zuroff51
Estimated H-index: 51
,
Sidney J. Blatt59
Estimated H-index: 59
Abstract Using data from the National Institute of Mental Health-Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program, we examined predictors of the intensity of depressive symptoms after the termination of short-term treatment of depression. Multilevel modeling was applied to depression, stressful life events, and perceived social support assessed at termination and the 6-, 12-, and 18-month follow-ups. Between-subjects and within-subjects effects were found for stress and support; a bufferin...
28 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2002in Comprehensive Psychiatry 2.59
Stewart A. Shankman24
Estimated H-index: 24
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Daniel N. Klein72
Estimated H-index: 72
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract It has long been debated whether depression is best classified with a categorical or dimensional diagnostic system. There has been surprisingly little discussion, however, of what the contents of a dimensional classification should include, with most studies employing a single dimension based on symptom severity. The present study explored whether a dimension based on prior course of depression increases the validity of a dimensional model based on symptom severity alone and whether the...
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2002in Psychological Medicine 5.64
Murray W. Enns12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UM: University of Manitoba),
Brian J. Cox56
Estimated H-index: 56
(UM: University of Manitoba),
Ian Clara31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UM: University of Manitoba)
Background. Research using the parental bonding instrument (PBI) has suggested that lack of parental care and/or overprotection may be important risk factors for adult mental disorders. Much of this research, however, has relied on clinical populations with one or two disorders, or has used highly select community samples. Method. The association between parenting experiences and the occurrence of 13 common mental disorders in adulthood was evaluated in the US National Comorbidity Survey (N = 58...
189 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2002in Child Development 5.02
Glenn I. Roisman41
Estimated H-index: 41
,
Elena Padrón1
Estimated H-index: 1
(U of C: University of Chicago)
+ 1 AuthorsByron Egeland4
Estimated H-index: 4
(U of C: University of Chicago)
Past research with the Berkeley Adult Attachment Interview demonstrates that retrospectively defined earned–secures (who coherently describe negative childhood experiences) parent as effectively as do continuous–secures (who coherently describe positive childhood experiences), but manifest liabilities in the form of depressive symptomatology. This article presents data from a 23–year longitudinal study that replicate and extend prior research, testing a key premise that earned–secures so defined...
144 Citations Source Cite
Cited By16
Newest
Published on Mar 4, 2018in Journal of Personality Assessment 2.83
Giorgio Falgares4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
S De Santis1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Palermo)
+ 3 AuthorsStefano Livi12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Sapienza University of Rome)
ABSTRACTThe Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) is a self-report measure that assesses self-criticism and dependency, 2 personality traits that confer vulnerability to depression (Blatt, 2004). Over several decades, different, shortened versions of the DEQ have been constructed to offer an alternative to the complex scoring procedure of the original DEQ. This study explores the factor structure as well as the construct and convergent validity of the DEQ by comparing a clinical and nonclin...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Spanish Journal of Psychology 0.75
Rui C. Campos9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Évora),
Avi Besser36
Estimated H-index: 36
(Sapir Academic College),
Sidney J. Blatt59
Estimated H-index: 59
(Yale University)
The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ, Blatt, D�Afflitti, & Quinlan, 1976, 1979), a self-report measure used in personality research, assesses the constructs of Dependency and Self-Criticism as vulnerability factors in depression (Blatt, 1974, 1990, 2004) and psychopathology more generally (Blatt, 2008; Blatt & Shichman, 1983). This study establishes a Portuguese version of the DEQ with six samples: a bilingual sample to test the measurement equivalence of the Portuguese DEQ, and two col...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2011in Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 0.80
Brendt P. Parrish6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UD: University of Delaware),
Lawrence H. Cohen34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UD: University of Delaware),
Jean-Philippe Laurenceau31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UD: University of Delaware)
The current study was based on O'Neill, Cohen, Tolpin, and Gunthert (2004) and was designed to explore the direction of the relationship between affective reactivity to daily stress and depressive symptoms. College students (N = 93) were assessed at two time periods (T1 and T2) with questionnaires measuring their current depressive symptoms and with online daily diaries measuring their interpersonal and non-interpersonal stressors and their negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA). The resu...
31 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2009in Psychological Reports 1.02
Mattias Desmet15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UGent: Ghent University),
Paul Verhaeghe12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGent: Ghent University)
+ 3 AuthorsClare Murphy2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UGent: Ghent University)
This study presents an empirical test of Coyne, Thompson, and Whiffen's statement that the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire does not measure the psychoanalytic constructs it is supposed to measure. Convergence was evaluated between the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire's Dependency and Self-criticism scales and clinicians' ratings on hysterical/anaclitic and obsessional/ introjective personality styles in a sex-balanced sample of 56 Flemish outpatients. In line with expectations from Blat...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2008in Cognitive Therapy and Research 2.28
Kimberly B. Dasch7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UD: University of Delaware),
Lawrence H. Cohen34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UD: University of Delaware)
+ 1 AuthorsKathleen C. Gunthert17
Estimated H-index: 17
(AU: American University)
We conducted a 10-day diary study that assessed daily stressors and end-of-day affect and self-esteem. We predicted that sociotropy would be associated with stronger sadness and self-esteem reactivity to daily interpersonal, but not achievement events, and that autonomy would be associated with the same pattern for daily achievement, but not interpersonal events. For the sample as whole, both daily interpersonal and achievement stressors were related to increased sadness and decreased self-estee...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 25, 2007in Cognitive Therapy and Research 2.28
Sandra Masih1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UQ: University of Queensland),
Susan H. Spence48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Macquarie University),
Tian P. S. Oei50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UQ: University of Queensland)
Measures of stressful life events, sociotropic and autonomous personality, and depressive symptoms were completed by 76 women in the last trimester of pregnancy and 8-weeks postpartum. During pregnancy, women with strong sociotropic or autonomous personality style, or high levels of negative life events (or perceived loss resulting from events) in sociotropic or autonomous domains, tended to report higher levels of depressive symptoms. Cross-sectionally, there was some support for the cognitive ...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2007in Depression and Anxiety 4.93
Patrick Luyten39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Bernard Sabbe38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Antwerp)
+ 5 AuthorsJozef Corveleyn18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Dependency and self-criticism have been proposed as personality dimensions that confer vulnerability to depression. In this study we set out to investigate the diagnostic specificity of these personality dimensions and their relationship with gender differences, severity of depression, and specific depressive symptoms. Levels of dependency and self-criticism as measured by the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) were compared among patients with major depressive disorder (MDD; n=93), mixe...
79 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2007
Mattias Desmet1
Estimated H-index: 1
1 Citations
Published on Dec 4, 2006in Cognitive Therapy and Research 2.28
Alex Cogswell8
Estimated H-index: 8
(TU: Temple University),
Lauren B. Alloy66
Estimated H-index: 66
(TU: Temple University),
Jelena Spasojevic5
Estimated H-index: 5
(GMU: George Mason University)
Dependency is linked to depression in clinical theory and research, although inadequate evidence exists establishing dependency as a stable personality risk factor for depression. The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ; Blatt, D’Afflitti, & Quinlan, 1976, Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 85, 383–389) has shown two subfactors within dependency, “neediness” or more immature dependency, and “connectedness” or more mature dependency (Rude & Burnham, 1995, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 19, 32...
10 Citations Source Cite