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Psychological Bulletin
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: The aim of the current meta-analysis was to aggregate concurrent and longitudinal empirical research on associations between the interparental relationship and both children's maladjustment (i.e., externalizing and internalizing symptoms) and children's responses to interparental conflict (i.e., emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and physiological). Based on major theoretical frameworks, we distinguished between six dimensions of the interparental relationship: relationship quality, conflict fr...
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#1Haesung Jung (University of Texas at Austin)
#2Eunjin Seo (University of Texas at Austin)H-Index: 3
Last. Erika A. Patall (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 21
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: Exposure to prosocial models is commonly used to foster prosocial behavior in various domains of society. The aim of the current article is to apply meta-analytic techniques to synthesize several decades of research on prosocial modeling, and to examine the extent to which prosocial modeling elicits helping behavior. We also identify the theoretical and methodological variables that moderate the prosocial modeling effect. Eighty-eight studies with 25,354 participants found a moderate effect (g...
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: Well-established psychological theories indicate that interpersonal relationships and emotional well-being are linked in fundamental ways (Coyne, 1976; Sullivan, 1953). Indeed, difficulties in close relationships can contribute to emotional adjustment problems, and emotional problems can adversely affect close relationships. Moreover, different close relationships are especially significant in terms of development and adjustment at different stages of the life span. The current review focuses ...
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#1Peng PengH-Index: 9
#2Xin LinH-Index: 2
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This study presents a meta-analysis of the relation between language and mathematics. A moderate relation between language and mathematics was found in 344 studies with 393 independent samples and more than 360,000 participants, r = .42, 95% CI [.40, .44]. Moderation and partial correlation analyses revealed the following: (a) more complicated language and mathematics skills were associated with stronger relations between language and mathematics; after partialing out working memory and intellig...
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#1Amy E. Heberle (Clark University)
#2Luke J. Rapa (Clemson University)H-Index: 5
Last. Flora Farago (SFA: Stephen F. Austin State University)H-Index: 2
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Critical consciousness refers to an individual's awareness of oppressive systemic forces in society, a sense of efficacy to work against oppression, and engagement in individual or collective action against oppression. In the past few decades, interest in critical consciousness as a resource that may promote thriving in marginalized people has grown tremendously. This article critically examines the results of a systematic review of 67 studies of critical consciousness in children and adolescent...
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#1Jacob M. Schauer (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
#2Larry V. Hedges (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 73
In this study, we reanalyze recent empirical research on replication from a meta-analytic perspective. We argue that there are different ways to define "replication failure," and that analyses can focus on exploring variation among replication studies or assess whether their results contradict the findings of the original study. We apply this framework to a set of psychological findings that have been replicated and assess the sensitivity of these analyses. We find that tests for replication tha...
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#1Marietta Papadatou-Pastou (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 11
#2Eleni Ntolka (UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)H-Index: 1
Last. Silvia Paracchini (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 27
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Across time and place, right hand preference has been the norm, but what is the precise prevalence of left- and right-handedness? Frequency of left-handedness has shaped and underpinned different fields of research, from cognitive neuroscience to human evolution, but reliable distributional estimates are still lacking. While hundreds of empirical studies have assessed handedness, a large-scale, comprehensive review of the prevalence of handedness and the factors that moderate it, is currently mi...
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#1Tobias Markfelder (University of Würzburg)
#2Paul Pauli (University of Würzburg)H-Index: 50
The fear avoidance model (FAM) represents a cognitive-behavioral explanatory approach for pain chronification. The core assumption is that fear of pain (FOP) following an acute pain experience facilitates the development of pain chronification, disability, and receding functionality. Thus, the model predicts a positive association between FOP and pain intensity in pain patients, which was frequently investigated; however, results were inconsistent. To highlight inconsistencies, we performed inte...
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#1Pierre DesaunayH-Index: 1
#1Pierre Desaunay (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)
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To address inconsistencies in the literature on memory in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we report the first ever meta-analysis of short-term memory (STM) and episodic long-term memory (LTM) in ASD, evaluating the effects of type of material, type of retrieval and the role of interitem relations. Analysis of 64 studies comparing individuals with ASD and typical development (TD) showed greater difficulties in ASD compared with TD individuals in STM (Hedges' g = -0.53, 95% CI [-0.90, -0.16], p = ...
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#1Marcus Möschl (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 3
#2Rico Fischer (University of Greifswald)H-Index: 23
Last. Moritz Walser (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 6
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Prospective memory, the ability to perform an intended action in the future, is an essential aspect of goal-directed behavior. Intentions influence our behavior and shape the way we process and interact with our environment. One important question for research on prospective memory and goal-directed behavior is whether this influence stops after the intention has been completed successfully. Are intention representations deactivated from memory after their completion, and if so, how? Here, we sy...
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