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Valerie E. Whiffen
University of Ottawa
38Publications
27H-index
2,953Citations
Publications 38
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2007in American Journal of Men's Health
Gordon Josephson1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
A model of depressive symptoms in gay men is tested that links gender-related personality traits (agency and unmitigated communion) to peer harassment, self-discrepancies in agency, and cold-submissive interpersonal behavior, all of which were reported in previous research to contribute to depression. A sample of 510 gay men was recruited through the Internet. The integrated model was tested using half of the sample and validated with the other half. Significant zero order correlations between t...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2007in Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 1.70
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Meredith L. Foot1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Janice M. Thompson10
Estimated H-index: 10
The Silencing the Self model of depression (Jack, 1991) proposes that women are at risk for depression when they suppress their true thoughts and feelings to avoid conflict. Using a community sample of 115 couples, the present study investigated whether self-silencing mediates the relationship between marital conflict and depressive symptoms. Results indicated that both men and women who perceived their marriages as conflicted tended to hide their anger while pretending to go along with their pa...
28 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 11, 2006in Clinical Psychology-science and Practice 4.95
Susan M. Johnson34
Estimated H-index: 34
(University of Ottawa),
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
This article summarizes the theory, practice, and empirical findings on emotionally focused couple therapy (EFT), now one of the best documented and validated approaches to repairing close relationships. EFT is based on an attachment perspective of adult intimacy. The article then considers how individual differences in attachment style have an impact on affect regulation, information processing, and communication in close relationships and how the practice of EFT is influenced by these differen...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2005in Personal Relationships 0.91
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
Depression is associated with marital distress and attachment insecurity in romantic relationships. In this article, I propose an attachment-theory model of depression, which links the characteristics of romantic partners to attachment insecurity and depression. I hypothesized that individuals who are avoidant of closeness and/or who devalue their spouses will be perceived as unresponsive to their spouses’ vulnerability, which will increase the spouse’s attachment insecurity. Attachment insecuri...
30 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2005in Family Process 3.12
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa),
Matthew A. Kerr3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Ottawa),
Veronica Kallos-Lilly1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Ottawa)
Introduction: Our goal was to evaluate the impact of depressed mothers' marital intimacy and attachment security in romantic relationships on children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Method: Forty-six clinically depressed mothers rated attachment security, marital intimacy, and symptoms shown by their children aged 8 to 12. Results: Maternal avoidance of closeness predicted increases in children's internalizing symptoms over a 6-month period. Discussion: Avoidance of closeness in dep...
24 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2005in Trauma, Violence, & Abuse 4.33
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa),
Heather B. MacIntosh4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Ottawa)
A history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a risk factor for adult emotional distress, including symptoms of depression, anxiety, dissociation, and trauma. However, CSA is likely associated with adult distress indirectly through an impact on mediating variables. In a review of the empirical literature, the authors found support for the roles of shame or self-blame, interpersonal difficulties, and avoidant coping strategies as mediators. In addition, emotional distress appears to mediate links ...
150 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2005in Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2.44
Heather B. MacIntosh4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Ottawa),
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
In this article, the authors argue that studies investigating the nature of traumatic memory have made the greatest contribution to trauma research in the past 20 years. Neuroimaging studies provide empirical support for the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder and have important implications for the treatment of trauma survivors. In the future, the authors hope to see an empirically derived model of trauma that incorporates both mediating and moderating factors to predict outcome.
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 3, 2004in Women & Therapy 0.30
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
SUMMARY. Many myths exist about postpartum depression (PPD), all of which are based on the assumption that PPD differs qualitatively from depression that occurs at other times in women’s lives. These myths paint a misleading picture of how PPD arises and may prevent women from receiving treatment for their difficulties. In this article, I identify five common myths and review the research literature to demonstrate that each lacks an empirical basis. Next, I present a model based on attachment th...
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Psychological Bulletin 13.25
James C. Coyne74
Estimated H-index: 74
(University of Pennsylvania),
Richard Thompson29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Juvenile Protective Association),
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2003in Journal of Affective Disorders 3.79
Virginia Simonds2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Ottawa),
Valerie E. Whiffen27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Ottawa)
Background: This review tested the hypothesis that gender differences in depression rates are a function of gender differences in co-morbid anxiety disorders. Method: We identified studies using diagnostic criteria, and reporting rates of pure depression, pure anxiety and co-morbid depression and anxiety, separately for females and males. The results of these studies were examined to assess the level of support for the co-morbidity hypothesis. Results: Although some studies supported or partiall...
66 Citations Source Cite
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