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Propositional logic in informatics students: an experimental study of its relationship with control of variables and proportion schemata

Published on Jul 1, 1989in International Journal of Science Education 1.32
· DOI :10.1080/0950069890110307
C. dell'Aquila‡1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Bari),
M. Di Gennaro4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Bari)
+ 1 AuthorsR. Stella4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Bari)
Abstract
We report a systematic investigation into the relationship between proportional logic and typical Piagetian formal schemata (control of variables, and proportions) for a group of students in the informatics department of a university. The analysis of results suggests that a unitary structure exists in the mastery of hypothesis testing logic, standard proportional logic and formal schemata.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (1)
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References16
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 1986in International Journal of Science Education 1.32
A. L. Mazzei1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Bari),
M. T. Fogli‐Muciaccia2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Bari),
Vittorio Picciarelli7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Bari)
An experiment has been performed to test the relevance of training in a Piagetian mini‐laboratory on the acquisition of two formal schemata: proportion and control of variables. The results obtained indicate that an improvement in the mastery of these forms of reasoning had been obtained by a sample 9th grade students (approximately 14 years of age). No such effect was detectable in the combinatorial formal schemata for which no training was provided.
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1985in International Journal of Science Education 1.32
C. dell'Aquila‡1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Bari),
M. Di Gennaro4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Bari),
Vittorio Picciarelli7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Bari)
In this study, the mastery of the hypothesis testing (HT) skill and its relationship with the control‐of‐variables (CV) formal schema are investigated. A paper‐and‐pencil test, consisting of 4 items on the CV and 2 items on the ht, was administered to a sample of 144 high school students (from grades 9 to 13) majoring in science in a region in southern Italy. Students of this sample experienced more difficulties in ht logic than in the CV formal schema. The detailed analysis of the answers given...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1983in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(National Center for Science Education)
To test the hypothesis that the basic “logic” utilized by individuals in scientific hypothesis testing is the biconditional (if and only if), and that the biconditional is a precondition for the development of formal operations, a sample of 387 students in grades eight, ten, twelve, and college were administered eight reasoning items. Five of the items involved the formal operational schemata of probability, proportions and correlations. Two of the items involved propositions and correlations. T...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1983in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
Two selection hypothesis testing tasks and nine evaluation hypothesis testing tasks which varied systematically with respect to causality, response alternatives, and context continuity were administered to two samples of adults to determine the effects of those variables and to determine the degree to which subjects (Ss) reasoned with material conditional, material biconditional, partial, or partial plus biconditional connectives. On the causal selection task the majority of Ss responded “yes” t...
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 1982in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
Although the development of reasoning is recognized as an important goal of science instruction, its nature remains somewhat of a mystery. This article discusses two key questions: Does formal thought constitute a structured whole? And what role does propositional logic play in advanced reasoning? Aspects of a model of advanced reasoning are presented in which hypothesis generation and testing are viewed as central processes in intellectual development. It is argued that a number of important ad...
69 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 1981in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Charles R. Ward1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Colorado State University),
Susan C. Nurrenbern5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Missouri–Kansas City)
+ 1 AuthorsJ. Dudley Herron8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Purdue University)
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 1980in British Journal of Psychology 2.51
J. St B. T. Evans15
Estimated H-index: 15
Recent studies of deductive reasoning are reviewed with respect to three questions: (i) Do people reason logically? (ii) Is reasoning introspectible? (iii) Is reasoning sequential? It is argued that the evidence of reasoning experiments suggests a negative answer to all three questions. This conclusion is interesting, since the last two questions at least might be answered affirmatively by common sense, and affirmative answers would be more consistent with the assumptions of many psychologists i...
59 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1979in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Richard J. Bady2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Rutgers University)
56 Citations Source Cite
Cited By1
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Published on Jan 1, 1992in Comparative Education 1.58
Rm Garrett6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
J. M. Sanchez Jimenez1
Estimated H-index: 1
Closer political and cultural ties between the countries of Europe is inevitably bringing all professionals in the community into greater contact with their counterparts. While this direct experience of working together is vital in the process of understanding the different cultures and perspectives from which we come, there is, nevertheless, a need for more detailed and systematic investigation of all aspects of our backgrounds and training and the consequent beliefs and value systems that thes...
5 Citations Source Cite