Incidence rate and risk factors for radiographic hip osteoarthritis in Japanese men and women: a 10-year follow-up of the ROAD study
Abstract Objective To investigate the incidence and progression rate of radiographic hip osteoarthritis (OA) and its risk factors in Japanese men and women using a large-scale population of a nationwide cohort study, Research on Osteoarthritis/osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD). Methods From the baseline survey of the ROAD study, 2,975 participants (1,043 men and 1,932 women) aged 23 to 94 years (mean, 70.2 years) living in urban, mountainous, and coastal communities were followed up with hip radiography at 3, 7, and 10 years (mean follow-up, 7.1 years). Radiographs were scored using the Kellgren/Lawrence (K/L) grading system, and radiographic hip OA was defined as K/L ≥2. The incidence and progression rate of hip OA were examined. Acetabular dysplasia was defined as a central-edge angle Results The incidence rate of radiographic hip OA was 5.6/1,000 person-years and 8.4/1,000 person-years in men and women, respectively. The progression rate of hip OA was 2.2/1,000 person-years and 6.0/1,000 person-years in men and women, respectively. The significant risk factors for incident hip OA were age, obesity, and acetabular dysplasia at baseline (hazard risk [HR] 1.05, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.08; 1.78, 1.10-2.75; 2.06, 1.30-3.17, respectively). The significant risk factors for progressive hip OA were baseline hip pain and acetabular dysplasia (HR 5.68, 95%CI 1.07-22.61; 14.78, 3.66-56.06, respectively). Conclusion Continued longitudinal surveys of the ROAD study will contribute to knowledge about and potential prevention of incident and progressive hip OA.