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Divergent default mode network connectivity during social perception in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Published on Sep 1, 2019in Psychiatry Research-neuroimaging2.208
· DOI :10.1016/j.pscychresns.2019.07.004
Lydia Dubourg2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Geneva),
Pascal Vrti13
Estimated H-index: 13
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
+ 2 AuthorsMaude Schneider20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Geneva)
Abstract
Abstract Aim The 22q11.2 deletion (22q11DS) syndrome is a neurogenetic condition marked by social dysfunction. A major network involved in social cognition is the default mode network (DMN). To date, no study has investigated DMN functional connectivity during socio-cognitive paradigms in 22q11DS. Method We used the psychophysiological analysis (PPI) to investigate functional connectivity of the DMN during social perception in 22 participants with 22q11DS and 22 healthy controls. Association between DMN connectivity and prodromal symptoms was also examined. Results 22q11DS patients exhibited stronger connectivity between the inferior parietal lobule (IPL) and the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus as well as lower connectivity between the precuneus and middle/superior frontal regions compared to controls. Association between IPL-PCC/precuneus connectivity and negative symptoms was also found in individuals with 22q11DS. Conclusion Our results point to (1) divergent DMN connectivity in patients with 22q11DS compared to controls; (2) association between DMN connectivity and negative symptom severity in patients. Results support the role of the DMN in social deficits of the 22q11DS population.
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Social impairments are described as a common feature of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). However, the neural correlates underlying these impairments are largely unknown in this population. In this study, we investigated neural substrates of socio-emotional perception. We used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore neural activity in individuals with 22q11DS and healthy controls during the visualization of stimuli varying in social (social or non-social) or ...
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Background Although significant impairments in the affective and cognitive facets of social cognition have been highlighted in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) in previous studies, these domains have never been investigated simultaneously within the same group of participants. Furthermore, despite theoretical evidence, associations between these two processes and schizotypal symptoms or social difficulties in this population have been scarcely examined.
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Background 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurogenetic condition associated with deficits in neuropsychological functioning and psychiatric disorders. This deletion confers a high risk for the development of psychosis, as approximately 30–45 % of individuals develop psychosis in adulthood. Previous reports of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) functional connectivity patterns in 22q11DS have demonstrated that atypical connectivity is associated with both the ...
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