Match!

Multigroup invariance of the DAS across a random and an internet-sourced sample

Published on Oct 1, 2019in Accident Analysis & Prevention3.058
· DOI :10.1016/j.aap.2019.06.013
Mark J.M. Sullman22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Nicosia),
Amanda N. Stephens17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Monash University, Clayton campus),
Joanne E. Taylor17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Massey University)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract It is well established that angry and, subsequently, aggressive drivers pose a problem for road safety. Over recent years, there has been an increase in the number of published studies examining driver anger, particularly using the Driving Anger Scale (DAS). The DAS measures six broad types of situations likely to provoke anger while driving (i.e., police presence, illegal driving, discourtesy, traffic obstructions, slower drivers, and hostile gestures). The majority of the recent studies have moved away from traditional paper-and-pencil methodologies, using the internet to collect data, for reasons of convenience. However, it is not yet completely clear whether data obtained from this methodology differs from more traditional methods. While research outside of the driving arena has not found substantial differences, it is important to establish whether this also applies to driving-related research and measures, such as the DAS. The present study used Multigroup Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) to investigate the invariance of the DAS across a random sample from the electoral roll (n = 1,081: males = 45%) and an internet sourced sample (n = 627; males = 55%). The MGCFA showed the same six-factor solution was supported in both datasets. The relationships between the DAS factors and age, sex, trait anger, and annual mileage were broadly similar, although more significant differences were identified in the internet sample. This research demonstrates that driving measures administered over the internet produce similar results to those obtained using more traditional methods.
  • References (51)
  • Citations (1)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2013
5 Authors (Mark Morrison, ..., Roderick Duncan)
3 Citations
1 Citations
117 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References51
Newest
#1Jerry Deffenbacher (UPR-RP: UPRRP College of Natural Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 17
Last. Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Abstract It has been two decades since Deffenbacher, Oetting, and Lynch (1994) published their paper introducing the construct of driving anger. Since this time the Driving Anger Scale (DAS) has been adopted by a large number of transportation researchers and is the scale most commonly used to measure trait driving anger. Drivers high in trait driving anger tend to experience anger more often and more intensely when driving than those low in trait driving anger. In this paper we provide a broad ...
26 CitationsSource
#1Thomas A. Dingus (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 34
#2Feng Guo (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 20
Last. Jonathan M. Hankey (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 16
view all 7 authors...
The accurate evaluation of crash causal factors can provide fundamental information for effective transportation policy, vehicle design, and driver education. Naturalistic driving (ND) data collected with multiple onboard video cameras and sensors provide a unique opportunity to evaluate risk factors during the seconds leading up to a crash. This paper uses a National Academy of Sciences-sponsored ND dataset comprising 905 injurious and property damage crash events, the magnitude of which allows...
162 CitationsSource
#1Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 17
#2Tetiana Hill (National Aviation University)H-Index: 2
Last. Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Trait driving anger is often, but not always, found to predict both the intensity of anger while driving and subsequent crash-related behaviours. However, a number of studies have not found support for a direct relationship between one's tendency to become angry and anger reported while driving, suggesting that other factors may mediate this relationship. The present self-report study investigated whether, in anger provoking driving situations, the appraisals made by drivers influence the relati...
8 CitationsSource
#1Joost C. F. de Winter (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 21
#2Dimitra Dodou (TU Delft: Delft University of Technology)H-Index: 18
Last. Neville A. Stanton (University of Southampton)H-Index: 59
view all 3 authors...
This article synthesises the latest information on the relationship between the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) and accidents. We show by means of computer simulation that correlations with accidents are necessarily small because accidents are rare events. An updated meta-analysis on the zero-order correlations between the DBQ and self-reported accidents yielded an overall r of .13 (fixed-effect and random-effects models) for violations (57,480 participants; 67 samples) and .09 (fixed-effec...
22 CitationsSource
#1Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University)H-Index: 17
#2Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
Aggressive driving is acknowledged as a contributor to motor vehicle crashes. This study explored a theoretical model of aggressive expression and crash-related outcomes using self-report data collected, using an online questionnaire, from drivers in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The proposed model tested whether the personality traits of boredom proneness, sensation seeking, and impulsivity, coupled with trait driving anger, predicted aggressive driving; and whether aggressive...
20 CitationsSource
#1Tingru Zhang (CityU: City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 5
#2Alan H.S. Chan (CityU: City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 23
Last. Wei Zhang (THU: Tsinghua University)H-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between driving anger and aberrant driving behaviours. An internet-based questionnaire survey was administered to a sample of Chinese drivers, with driving anger measured by a 14-item short Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the aberrant driving behaviours measured by a 23-item Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ). The results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis demonstrated that the three-factor model (hostile gesture, arrival-blocking and sa...
20 CitationsSource
#1Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
#2Amanda N. Stephens (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 17
Last. Michelle Yong (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
This study tested the four factor structure of the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) in a sample of young Malaysian drivers and the relationship these factors had with several other variables. Confirmatory Factor Analysis broadly supported the four factor solution of the DAX, being: Personal Physical Aggressive Expression, Use of a Vehicle to Express Anger, Verbal Aggressive Expression and Adaptive/Constructive expression. The short version of the Driving Anger Scale was positively correl...
21 CitationsSource
#1Aneta Przepiorka (KUL: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin)H-Index: 14
#2Agata Błachnio (KUL: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin)H-Index: 13
Last. David L. Wiesenthal (York University)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The present study examined the relationships between narcissism, self-esteem, driving anger, and driving aggression in an Internet survey of 334 Polish drivers using the Polish versions of the Driving Anger Scale (DAS), the Driving Vengeance Questionnaire (DVQ), Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and the Driving Behavior Survey (DBS). High levels of narcissism and low self-esteem predicted driving aggression. Implications for improving road safe...
10 CitationsSource
#1Feng Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 17
#2Xiang Yao (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 10
Last. Yongjuan Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Driving Anger Scale (DAS; Deffenbacher, Oetting, & Lynch, 1994) and its relationship with aggressive driving in Chinese context. A total of 411 drivers from five cities in China completed the survey. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the fit of the original six-dimension solution was good. Chinese drivers reported lower level of anger than their American counterparts on all six subscales, as well as New Zealand and Spanish d...
42 CitationsSource
#1Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
#2Amanda N. Stephens (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 17
Last. Michelle Yong (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
The present study examined the types of situations that cause Malaysian drivers to become angry. The 33-item version of the driver anger scale (Deffenbacher et al., 1994) was used to investigate driver anger amongst a sample of 339 drivers. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the fit of the original six-factor model (discourtesy, traffic obstructions, hostile gestures, slow driving, illegal driving and police presence), after removing one item and allowing three error pairs to covary, was s...
41 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Mark J.M. Sullman (University of Nicosia)H-Index: 22
#1Mark J.M. Sullman (University of Nicosia)H-Index: 1
Last. Joanne E. Taylor (Massey University)H-Index: 17
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) is the most commonly used framework for investigating the relationship between self-reported driving behaviour and crash involvement. However, in spite of the fact that the scale is almost 30 years old, the factor structure of the scale and relationship to crashes in New Zealand remains under-researched. The present study set out to establish the factor structure of the DBQ in a sample of New Zealand private vehicle drivers and to examine the ade...
Source