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Accident Analysis & Prevention
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#1Michael Freeman (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 28
#2Wendy M. Leith (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 2
Abstract Background Cervical spine injury is a common result of traffic crashes, and such injuries range in severity from minor (i.e. sprain/strain) to moderate (intervertebral disk derangement) to serious and greater (fractures, dislocations, and spinal cord injuries). There are currently no reliable estimates of the number of crash-related spine injuries occurring in the US annually, although several publications have used national crash injury samples as a basis for estimating the frequency o...
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#1Essam DabbourH-Index: 7
#2Olaa Dabbour (RyeU: Ryerson University)
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Abstract Most of the previous studies that investigated the factors increasing the severity of rear-end collisions were based on analyzing collision reports from multiple years and combining them into a single dataset for analysis. Analyzing pooled data from multiple years carries the risk of introducing aggregation bias in the analysis. Those aggregated models might be structurally unstable, and the significance of the risk factors identified using those aggregated models might change over time...
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#1Niaz Mahmud Zafri (BUET: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology)
#2Rashada Sultana (BUET: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology)
Last. Tanzila Tabassum (Innovations for Poverty Action)
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Abstract Pedestrian road-crossing strategy is one of the most important pedestrian road-crossing behaviors. The safety of the pedestrians often depends on it. Among the road-crossing strategies, rolling gap crossing strategy is the riskiest one. The objective of this research was to explore the factors that influenced pedestrians’ decision to cross the road by rolling gap crossing at intersection. Data regarding road-crossing strategy of the pedestrians, their characteristics, their road-crossin...
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Abstract Surrogate measures of safety attract revived interest thanks to the advancements in traffic observations techniques and the growing need for rapid safety evaluation. A new method of safety analysis based on failure-caused traffic conflicts and the Lomax distribution was recently proposed to estimate crash frequency more efficiently than with crash data. This paper has two objectives: (1) demonstrate the method applicability to near-departure data collected in a driving simulator, and (2...
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Forward collision warning (FCW) and autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems are increasingly available and prevent or mitigate collisions by alerting the driver or autonomously braking the vehicle. Threat-assessment and decision-making algorithms for FCW and AEB aim to find the best compromise for safety by intervening at the “right” time: neither too early, potentially upsetting the driver, nor too late, possibly missing opportunities to avoid the collision. Today, the extent to which activa...
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Top fields of study
Engineering
Human factors and ergonomics
Occupational safety and health
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