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Diana I. Tamir14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Princeton University),
Mark Thornton9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Harvard University)
+ 1 AuthorsJason P. Mitchell42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Harvard University)
How do people understand the minds of others? Existing psychological theories have suggested a number of dimensions that perceivers could use to make sense of others’ internal mental states. However, it remains unclear which of these dimensions, if any, the brain spontaneously uses when we think about others. The present study used multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA) of neuroimaging data to identify the primary organizing principles of social cognition. We derived four unique dimensions of mental...
37 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 4.11
David G. Rand43
Estimated H-index: 43
(Yale University),
Victoria L. Brescoll22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Yale University)
+ 2 AuthorsHélène Barcelo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Mathematical Sciences Research Institute)
Are humans intuitively altruistic, or does altruism require self-control? A theory of social heuristics, whereby intuitive responses favor typically successful behaviors, suggests that the answer may depend on who you are. In particular, evidence suggests that women are expected to behave altruistically, and are punished for failing to be altruistic, to a much greater extent than men. Thus, women (but not men) may internalize altruism as their intuitive response. Indeed, a meta-analysis of 13 ne...
85 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2014in Intelligence 2.79
Mathias Benedek33
Estimated H-index: 33
(University of Graz),
Emanuel Jauk17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Graz)
+ 2 AuthorsAljoscha C. Neubauer46
Estimated H-index: 46
(University of Graz)
Intelligence and creativity are known to be correlated constructs suggesting that they share a common cognitive basis. The present study assessed three specific executive abilities – updating, shifting, and inhibition – and examined their common and differential relations to fluid intelligence and creativity (i.e., divergent thinking ability) within a latent variable model approach. Additionally, it was tested whether the correlation of fluid intelligence and creativity can be explained by a com...
152 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2014in Personality and Social Psychology Review 9.28
Sandeep Mishra16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Regina)
Decision-making under risk has been variably characterized and examined in many different disciplines. However, interdisciplinary integration has not been forthcoming. Classic theories of decision-making have not been amply revised in light of greater empirical data on actual patterns of decision-making behavior. Furthermore, the meta-theoretical framework of evolution by natural selection has been largely ignored in theories of decision-making under risk in the human behavioral sciences. In thi...
63 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 21, 2014
Elizabeth Wolfe Morrison26
Estimated H-index: 26
(NYU: New York University)
When employees voluntarily communicate suggestions, concerns, information about problems, or work-related opinions to someone in a higher organizational position, they are engaging in upward voice. When they withhold such input, they are displaying silence and depriving their organization of potentially useful information. In this article, I review the current state of knowledge about the factors and motivational processes that affect whether employees engage in upward voice or remain silent whe...
194 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Journal of Applied Psychology 4.64
Timothy D. Maynes4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SUNY: State University of New York System),
Philip M. Podsakoff5
Estimated H-index: 5
(College of Business Administration)
Scholarly interest in employee voice behavior has increased dramatically over the past 15 years. Although this research has produced valuable knowledge, it has focused almost exclusively on voice as a positively intended challenge to the status quo, even though some scholars have argued that it need not challenge the status quo or be well intentioned. Thus, in this paper, we create an expanded view of voice; one that extends beyond voice as a positively intended challenge to the status quo to in...
102 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Academy of Management Journal 6.70
Adam M. Grant44
Estimated H-index: 44
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
Intense emotions such as frustration, anger, and dissatisfaction often drive employees to speak up. Yet the very emotions that spur employees to express voice may compromise their ability to do so constructively, preventing managers from reacting favorably. I propose that to speak up frequently and constructively, employees need knowledge about effective strategies for managing emotions. Building on theories of emotion regulation, I develop a theoretical model that explains the role of managing ...
95 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Administrative Science Quarterly 5.88
James R. Detert18
Estimated H-index: 18
(SPbU: Saint Petersburg State University),
Ethan R. Burris13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Texas at Austin)
+ 1 AuthorsSean R. Martin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SPbU: Saint Petersburg State University)
In two studies, we develop and test theory about the relationship between speaking up, one type of organizational citizenship behavior, and unit performance by accounting for where employee voice is flowing. Results from a qualitative study of managers and professionals across a variety of industries suggest that voice to targets at different formal power levels (peers or superiors) and locations in the organization (inside or outside a focal unit) differs systematically in terms of its usefulne...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Applied Psychology 2.49
Katharina Tornau1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Giessen),
Michael Frese69
Estimated H-index: 69
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
The overall goal of the meta-analytic review of the most frequently studied proactivity concepts—personal initiative, proactive personality, taking charge, and voice—was cleaning up the number and overlap of proactivity constructs and examining their construct validity. We provide a unifying framework for proactivity theory and a nomological net. We studied 163 independent samples (N= 36,079). The meta-analysis found high correlations between proactive personality and personal initiative/persona...
112 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5.73
Adam K. Fetterman11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Michael D. Robinson50
Estimated H-index: 50
The head is thought to be rational and cold, whereas the heart is thought to be emotional and warm. In 8 studies (total N 725), we pursued the idea that such body metaphors are widely consequential. Study 1 introduced a novel individual difference variable, one asking people to locate the self in the head or the heart. Irrespective of sex differences, head-locators characterized themselves as rational, logical, and interpersonally cold, whereas heart-locators characterized themselves as emotiona...
25 Citations Source Cite
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