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  • Citations (0)
Clancy Blair49
Estimated H-index: 49
(New York University)
Executive functions are thinking skills that assist with reasoning, planning, problem solving, and managing one's life. The brain areas that underlie these skills are interconnected with and influenced by activity in many different brain areas, some of which are associated with emotion and stress. One consequence of the stress-specific connections is that executive functions, which help us to organize our thinking, tend to be disrupted when stimulation is too high and we are stressed out, or too...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Developmental Psychology 2.93
Giovanni Sala8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Liverpool),
Fernand Gobet38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Liverpool)
26 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2016in European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 3.55
Aitana Bigorra2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Autonomous University of Barcelona),
Maite Garolera18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Barcelona)
+ 1 AuthorsAmaia Hervás18
Estimated H-index: 18
ADHD affects working memory (WM) and other executive functions (EFs) and thereby negatively impacts school performance, clinical symptoms and functional impairment. The main aim of this study was to analyse the efficacy of computerized WM training (CWMT) on EF rating scales. A secondary objective was to assess its efficacy on performance-based measures of EF (PBMEF), learning, clinical symptoms and functional impairment. 66 children with combined-type ADHD between 7 and 12 years of age from the ...
25 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2016in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 4.82
Adele Diamond47
Estimated H-index: 47
Daphne S. Ling4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract The ‘Executive Functions’ (EFs) of inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility enable us to think before we act, resist temptations or impulsive reactions, stay focused, reason, problem-solve, flexibly adjust to changed demands or priorities, and see things from new and different perspectives. These skills are critical for success in all life's aspects and are sometimes more predictive than even IQ or socioeconomic status. Understandably, there is great interest in imp...
122 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Review of Educational Research 8.24
Zsofia Katalin Takacs4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Leiden University),
Elise K. Swart2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Leiden University),
Adriana G. Bus28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Leiden University)
A meta-analysis was conducted on the effects of technology-enhanced stories for young children’s literacy development when compared to listening to stories in more traditional settings like storybook reading. A small but significant additional benefit of technology was found for story comprehension (g+ = 0.17) and expressive vocabulary (g+ = 0.20), based on data from 2,147 children in 43 studies. When investigating the different characteristics of technology-enhanced stories, multimedia features...
74 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2015in Review of Educational Research 8.24
Robin Jacob11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Michigan),
Julia Parkinson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(American Institutes for Research)
This article systematically reviews what is known empirically about the association between executive function and student achievement in both reading and math and critically assesses the evidence for a causal association between the two. Using meta-analytic techniques, the review finds that there is a moderate unconditional association between executive function and achievement that does not differ by executive function construct, age, or measurement type but finds no compelling evidence that a...
119 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 6, 2015in Frontiers in Psychology 2.09
Anna Maria Re11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Padua),
Agnese Capodieci4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Padua),
Cesare Cornoldi39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of Padua)
The development of early intervention strategies for children with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is important because it provides an opportunity to prevent severe problems in the future. The main purpose of this investigation was to determine the efficacy of a group training for the control of attention, working memory and impulsive behaviors, involving five-year-old children with ADHD symptoms. Twenty-six children with ADHD symptoms and 26 with typical development ...
13 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2015in Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 1.33
Minna Kyttälä8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Turku),
Kaisa Kanerva2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Helsinki),
Evelyn H. Kroesbergen21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Utrecht University)
Previous studies have shown that early numeracy skills predict later mathematics learning and that they can be improved by training. Cognitive abilities, especially working memory (WM), play an important role in early numeracy, as well. Several studies have shown that working memory is related to early numeracy. So far, existing literature offers a good few examples of studies in which WM training has led to improvements in early numerical performance as well. In this study, we aim at investigat...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2015in Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 6.49
Marieke de Vries6
Estimated H-index: 6
Pier J. M. Prins30
Estimated H-index: 30
+ 1 AuthorsHilde M. Geurts33
Estimated H-index: 33
Background: People with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) experience executive function (EF) deficits. There is an urgent need for effective interventions, but in spite of the increasing research focus on computerized cognitive training, this has not been studied in ASD. Hence, we investigated two EF training conditions in children with ASD. Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, children with ASD (n = 121, 8-12 years, IQ > 80) were randomly assigned to an adaptive working memory (WM) trainin...
44 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 30, 2015in Frontiers in Psychology 2.09
Laura Traverso5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Genoa),
Paola Viterbori7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Genoa),
Maria Carmen Usai4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Genoa)
Executive function (EF) refers to a set of higher order cognitive processes that control and modulate cognition under continuously changing and multiple task demands. EF plays a central role in early childhood, is associated and predictive of important cognitive achievements and has been recognized as a significant aspect of school readiness. This study examines the efficacy of a group based intervention for five-year-old children that focuses on basic components of EF (working memory, inhibitor...
32 Citations Source Cite
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