Arthropods in modern resins reveal if amber accurately recorded forest arthropod communities

Published on Jun 26, 2018in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 9.50
· DOI :10.1073/pnas.1802138115
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Xavier Delclòs17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Barcelona)
+ 5 AuthorsEnrique Peñalver17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
Abstract
Amber is an organic multicompound derivative from the polymerization of resin of diverse higher plants. Compared with other modes of fossil preservation, amber records the anatomy of and ecological interactions between ancient soft-bodied organisms with exceptional fidelity. However, it is currently suggested that ambers do not accurately record the composition of arthropod forest paleocommunities, due to crucial taphonomic biases. We evaluated the effects of taphonomic processes on arthropod entrapment by resin from the plant Hymenaea , one of the most important resin-producing trees and a producer of tropical Cenozoic ambers and Anthropocene (or subfossil) resins. We statistically compared natural entrapment by Hymenaea verrucosa tree resin with the ensemble of arthropods trapped by standardized entomological traps around the same tree species. Our results demonstrate that assemblages in resin are more similar to those from sticky traps than from malaise traps, providing an accurate representation of the arthropod fauna living in or near the resiniferous tree, but not of entire arthropod forest communities. Particularly, arthropod groups such as Lepidoptera, Collembola, and some Diptera are underrepresented in resins. However, resin assemblages differed slightly from sticky traps, perhaps because chemical compounds in the resins attract or repel specific insect groups. Ground-dwelling or flying arthropods that use the tree-trunk habitat for feeding or reproduction are also well represented in the resin assemblages, implying that fossil inclusions in amber can reveal fundamental information about biology of the past. These biases have implications for the paleoecological interpretation of the fossil record, principally of Cenozoic amber with angiosperm origin.
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  • Citations (1)
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References39
Published on Aug 21, 2017
Robert G. Foottit21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada),
Peter H. Adler24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Clemson University)
Preface. Acknowledgements. 1. Introduction Peter H. Adler and Robert G. Foottit . 2. The Importance of Insects G.G.E. Scudder . Part I. Insect Biodiversity: Regional Examples . 3. Insect Biodiversity in the Nearctic Region Andrew B. T. Smith and Hugh V. Danks. 4. Amazonian Rainforests and Their Richness of Coleoptera, a Dominant Life Form in the Critical Zone of the Neotropics Terry L. Erwin and Christy J. Geraci. 5. Insect Biodiversity in the Afrotropical Region C.H. Scholtz and M.W. Mansell . ...
153 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2005
David A. Grimaldi38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Stockholm University),
Michael S. Engel33
Estimated H-index: 33
Section 1. Diversity and Evolution: Introduction Species: their nature and number How many species of insects? Reconstructing evolutionary history Section 2. Fossil Insects: Insect fossilization Dating and ages Major fossil Insect deposits Section 3. Arthropods and the Origin of Insects: Onychophora: the velvet-worms Tardigrada: the water-bears Arthropoda: the jointed animals Hexapoda: the six-legged arthropods Section 4. The insects: Morphology of insects Relationships among the insect orders S...
2,001 Citations
Published on Mar 13, 2006
Timothy D. Schowalter21
Estimated H-index: 21
The third edition of "Insect Ecology: An Ecosystem Approach" provides a modern perspective of insect ecology that integrates two approaches traditionally used to study insect ecology: evolutionary and ecosystem. This integration substantially broadens the scope of insect ecology and contributes to prediction and resolution of the effects of current environmental changes, as these affect and are affected by insects. The third edition includes an updated and expanded synthesis of feedback and inte...
303 Citations
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Revue de Micropaléontologie
Jean-Paul Colin16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Lisbon),
Didier Néraudeau32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 1 AuthorsVincent Perrichot11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
This paper presents fossil faecal pellets - also named coprolites or frass - attributed to termites, which were found in amber and lignitic clay from the Wealden (Hauterivian-Barremian?), Late Albian and Early Cenomanian of south-western France. These coprolites have a characteristic subcylindrical shape and hexagonal transverse section and are assignable to Microcarpolithes hexagonalis Vangerow. The termite families that possibly produced these coprolites are discussed. The noticeable lack of t...
18 Citations Source Cite
David Penney16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Manchester)
Abstract Fossils preserved in amber represent only a small fraction of the biota which was alive in the amber forest. In order to make accurate palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, it is necessary to determine the biases which affect preservation. Only the Baltic and Dominican Republic amber deposits have had inclusions described in sufficient quantities suitable for quantitative analyses. Baltic amber is twice the age of Dominican, with a correspondingly higher proportion of extinct supraspecif...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2002in Paleobiology 2.40
David Penney16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Manchester)
The Dominican Republic amber, as a data set for ecological investigation, is subject to unique biases. To understand the paleoecology of Hispaniola during the Miocene it is not sufficient only to identify the amber inclusions, the biases of entrapment also need to be elucidated. This study compares the spider (Araneae) fauna from Recent Neotropical rainforests with assemblages from Dominican Republic amber deposits. This comparison demonstrates that the site of the original resin secretion is fa...
24 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2009in Current Opinion in Plant Biology 7.35
Sybille B. Unsicker23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Max Planck Society),
Grit Kunert17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Max Planck Society),
Jonathan Gershenzon82
Estimated H-index: 82
(Max Planck Society)
Herbivore damage to leaves and other vegetative tissues often stimulates the emission of volatile compounds, suggesting that these substances have a role in plant defense. In fact, ample evidence has accumulated in the last few years indicating that volatiles from vegetative plant parts can directly repel herbivores, such as ovipositing butterflies and host-seeking aphids. Volatiles have also been demonstrated to protect plants by attracting herbivore enemies, such as parasitic wasps, predatory ...
249 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 18, 2015in PLOS ONE 2.77
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Atahualpa S. Kraemer1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsJes Rust16
Estimated H-index: 16
All entomological traps have a capturing bias, and amber, viewed as a trap, is no exception. Thus the fauna trapped in amber does not represent the total existing fauna of the former amber forest, rather the fauna living in and around the resin producing tree. In this paper we compare arthropods from a forest very similar to the reconstruction of the Miocene Mexican amber forest, and determine the bias of different trapping methods, including amber. We also show, using cluster analyses, measurem...
20 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2.37
David Peris8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Barcelona),
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsXavier Delclòs17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Barcelona)
Two new species are described from Mexican amber (15–20 Ma): Cenocephalus tenuis Peris and Solorzano Kraemer sp. nov. and Tesserocerus simojovelensis Peris and Solorzano Kraemer sp. nov. Cenocephalus, originally described as living in Central and South America and then as fossils from Early to Middle Miocene amber, is noted as morphologically indistinguishable from Mitosoma, and originally described as endemic from Madagascar. Thus, we consider that a close taxonomic relationship exists, even if...
6 Citations Source Cite
Cited By1
Derek E. G. Briggs60
Estimated H-index: 60
(Yale University)
Amber, which is fossilized tree resin, is full of surprises. The tail of a feathered dinosaur was recently recovered from mid-Cretaceous (∼99 Ma) amber from Myanmar (1), and anole lizards in Miocene Dominican amber (2) showed that lizard communities have persisted for at least 16 My. Carnivorous plants of the family Roridulaceae, presently confined to South Africa, have been discovered in Eocene amber from the Baltic (3). The great majority of creatures in amber, however, are insects, and they o...
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