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Arthropods in modern resins reveal if amber accurately recorded forest arthropod communities

Published on Jun 26, 2018in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 9.58
· DOI :10.1073/pnas.1802138115
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Xavier Delclòs18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Barcelona)
+ 5 AuthorsEnrique Peñalver17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Instituto Geológico y Minero de España)
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Abstract
Amber is an organic multicompound derivative from the polymerization of resin of diverse higher plants. Compared with other modes of fossil preservation, amber records the anatomy of and ecological interactions between ancient soft-bodied organisms with exceptional fidelity. However, it is currently suggested that ambers do not accurately record the composition of arthropod forest paleocommunities, due to crucial taphonomic biases. We evaluated the effects of taphonomic processes on arthropod entrapment by resin from the plant Hymenaea , one of the most important resin-producing trees and a producer of tropical Cenozoic ambers and Anthropocene (or subfossil) resins. We statistically compared natural entrapment by Hymenaea verrucosa tree resin with the ensemble of arthropods trapped by standardized entomological traps around the same tree species. Our results demonstrate that assemblages in resin are more similar to those from sticky traps than from malaise traps, providing an accurate representation of the arthropod fauna living in or near the resiniferous tree, but not of entire arthropod forest communities. Particularly, arthropod groups such as Lepidoptera, Collembola, and some Diptera are underrepresented in resins. However, resin assemblages differed slightly from sticky traps, perhaps because chemical compounds in the resins attract or repel specific insect groups. Ground-dwelling or flying arthropods that use the tree-trunk habitat for feeding or reproduction are also well represented in the resin assemblages, implying that fossil inclusions in amber can reveal fundamental information about biology of the past. These biases have implications for the paleoecological interpretation of the fossil record, principally of Cenozoic amber with angiosperm origin.
  • References (39)
  • Citations (3)
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References39
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Organic Geochemistry 3.12
Victoria E. McCoy7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Leicester),
Arnoud Boom19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Leicester)
+ 1 AuthorsSarah E. Gabbott21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Leicester)
Abstract The comparison of the chemical composition of fossilized amber, copal, and resin is important for determining the botanic origin and original chemical composition of fossilized amber and copal, and for understanding the ecologic role of resin. Here we use solid phase microextraction–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (SPME–GC–MS) to investigate the volatile and semi-volatile composition of amber, copal and resin from Africa and the Americas, produced by trees from the genus Hymenaea ....
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 21, 2017
Robert G. Foottit22
Estimated H-index: 22
(AAFC: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada),
Peter H. Adler25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Clemson University)
Preface. Acknowledgements. 1. Introduction Peter H. Adler and Robert G. Foottit . 2. The Importance of Insects G.G.E. Scudder . Part I. Insect Biodiversity: Regional Examples . 3. Insect Biodiversity in the Nearctic Region Andrew B. T. Smith and Hugh V. Danks. 4. Amazonian Rainforests and Their Richness of Coleoptera, a Dominant Life Form in the Critical Zone of the Neotropics Terry L. Erwin and Christy J. Geraci. 5. Insect Biodiversity in the Afrotropical Region C.H. Scholtz and M.W. Mansell . ...
157 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Gondwana Research 6.48
Paweł Jałoszyński8
Estimated H-index: 8
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History),
Vincent Perrichot11
Estimated H-index: 11
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique),
David Peris9
Estimated H-index: 9
(James I University)
Abstract Among insects, the largest group of the Animal Kingdom, rove beetles (Staphylinidae) have undergone an enormous adaptive radiation that resulted in over 62,000 extant species showing diverse body forms, structures and feeding specializations combining predaceous, mycophagous, saprophagous and phytophagous habits in one family. The morphology of extinct and extant species is well studied, but the evolutionary history of such a broad range of adaptations is scarcely documented in the foss...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Hermilo Sánchez-Sánchez2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Alina Morquecho-Contreras1
Estimated H-index: 1
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2016in Geoscience frontiers 4.16
David Peris9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Barcelona),
Enrico Ruzzier2
Estimated H-index: 2
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)
+ 1 AuthorsXavier Delclòs18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Barcelona)
The intense study of coleopteran inclusions from Spanish (Albian in age) and French (Albian–Santonian in age) Cretaceous ambers, both of Laurasian origin, has revealed that the majority of samples belong to the Polyphaga suborder and, in contrast to the case of the compression fossils, only one family of Archostemata, one of Adephaga, and no Myxophaga suborders are represented. A total of 30 families from Spain and 16 families from France have been identified (with almost twice bioinclusions ide...
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016
Daniel J. Bickel6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Australian Museum),
Mónica M Solórzano Kraemer1
Estimated H-index: 1
La familia Dolichopodidae (Diptera) en el ambar Mexicano de Chiapas es analizada. Se describen seis nuevas species: Mesorhagapseudolacrymans, Amblypsilopus monicae, Medetera totolapa, Medetera amissa, Peloropeodes paleomexicana y Neoparentia chiapensis. Todos los generos existen actualmente en la fauna mesoamericana moderna, y tres de las nuevas especies pueden estar estrechamente relacionadas con grupos o especies modernas. Esto sugiere que muchos elementos de la fauna moderna de dolichopodidos...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Palaeontology 2.63
Derek E. G. Briggs62
Estimated H-index: 62
(Yale University),
Sean McMahon8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Yale University)
In the last 20 years, much taphonomic experimentation has focused on the interpretation of exceptionally preserved fossils. Decay experiments have been used to interpret the features preserved in soft-bodied fossils and to determine the sequence of character loss and its impact on phylogenetic position. Experiments on the impact of microbial communities on decay and mineralization have started to illuminate the processes involved in the fossilization of soft tissues, including embryos. The role ...
27 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2015in Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2.14
David Peris9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Barcelona),
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsXavier Delclòs18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Barcelona)
Two new species are described from Mexican amber (15–20 Ma): Cenocephalus tenuis Peris and Solorzano Kraemer sp. nov. and Tesserocerus simojovelensis Peris and Solorzano Kraemer sp. nov. Cenocephalus, originally described as living in Central and South America and then as fossils from Early to Middle Miocene amber, is noted as morphologically indistinguishable from Mitosoma, and originally described as endemic from Madagascar. Thus, we consider that a close taxonomic relationship exists, even if...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 18, 2015in PLOS ONE 2.78
Mónica M. Solórzano Kraemer7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Atahualpa S. Kraemer1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsJes Rust16
Estimated H-index: 16
All entomological traps have a capturing bias, and amber, viewed as a trap, is no exception. Thus the fauna trapped in amber does not represent the total existing fauna of the former amber forest, rather the fauna living in and around the resin producing tree. In this paper we compare arthropods from a forest very similar to the reconstruction of the Miocene Mexican amber forest, and determine the bias of different trapping methods, including amber. We also show, using cluster analyses, measurem...
21 Citations Source Cite
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 3.99
Luis N. Piacentini5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Martín J. Ramírez17
Estimated H-index: 17
Abstract Lycosids are a diverse family of spiders distributed worldwide. Previous studies recovered some of the deeper splits of the family, but with little support. We present a broad phylogenetic analysis of the Lycosidae including a wide geographic sampling of representatives and all the subfamilies described to date. Additionally, we extend the amount of molecular data used in previous studies (28S, 12S and NADH) through the inclusion of two additional markers, the nuclear H3 and the mitocho...
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Published on Jul 1, 2019in Alcheringa 1.02
Konstantin S. Nadein4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
E. E. Perkovsky11
Estimated H-index: 11
Nadein, K.S. & Perkovsky, E.E. XX.2019. Small and common: the oldest tropical Chrysomelidae (Insecta: Coleoptera) from the lower Eocene Cambay amber of India. Alcheringa XXX, X–X. ISSN 0311-5518.Three new genera and species of flea beetles (Chrysomelidae: Alticini) are described from the lowermost Eocene Cambay amber: Cambaltica paleoindica Nadein, gen. et sp. nov., Protorthaltica setosella Nadein, gen. et sp. nov., and Davidaltica cambayensis Nadein, gen. et sp. nov. These taxa share a zoogeogr...
1 Citations Source Cite
Tingting Yu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences), Richard S. Kelly3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 7 AuthorsDavid L. Dilcher5
Estimated H-index: 5
(IU: Indiana University)
Amber is fossilized tree resin, and inclusions usually comprise terrestrial and, rarely, aquatic organisms. Marine fossils are extremely rare in Cretaceous and Cenozoic ambers. Here, we report a record of an ammonite with marine gastropods, intertidal isopods, and diverse terrestrial arthropods as syninclusions in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. We used X-ray–microcomputed tomography (CT) to obtain high-resolution 3D images of the ammonite, including its sutures, which are diagnostically important...
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Derek E. G. Briggs62
Estimated H-index: 62
(Yale University)
Amber, which is fossilized tree resin, is full of surprises. The tail of a feathered dinosaur was recently recovered from mid-Cretaceous (∼99 Ma) amber from Myanmar (1), and anole lizards in Miocene Dominican amber (2) showed that lizard communities have persisted for at least 16 My. Carnivorous plants of the family Roridulaceae, presently confined to South Africa, have been discovered in Eocene amber from the Baltic (3). The great majority of creatures in amber, however, are insects, and they o...
1 Citations Source Cite