Activated protein C protects against pressure overload-induced hypertrophy through AMPK signaling
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications2.705
· DOI :10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.12.125
Abstract We found that the anticoagulant plasma protease, activated protein C (APC), stimulates the energy sensor kinase, AMPK, in the stressed heart by activating protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) on cardiomyocytes. Wild-type (WT) and AMPK-kinase dead (KD) transgenic mice were subjected to transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery. The results demonstrated that while no phenotypic differences can be observed between WT and AMPK-KD mice under normal physiological conditions, AMPK-KD mice exhibit significantly larger hearts after 4 weeks of TAC surgery. Analysis by echocardiography suggested that the impairment in the cardiac function of AMPK-KD hearts is significantly greater than that of WT hearts. Immunohistochemical staining revealed increased macrophage infiltration and ROS generation in AMPK-KD hearts after 4 weeks of TAC surgery. Immunoblotting results demonstrated that the redox markers, pShc66, 4-hydroxynonenal and ERK, were all up-regulated at a higher extent in AMPK-KD hearts after 4 weeks of TAC surgery. Administration of APC-WT and the signaling selective APC-2Cys mutant, but not the anticoagulant selective APC-E170A mutant, significantly attenuated pressure overload-induced hypertrophy and fibrosis. Macrophage infiltration and pShc66 activation caused by pressure overload were also inhibited by APC and APC-2Cys but not by APC-E170A. Therefore, the cardiac AMPK protects against pressure overload-induced hypertrophy and the signaling selective APC-2Cys may have therapeutic potential for treating hypertension-related hypertrophy without increasing the risk of bleeding.