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Brachiopod morphology, life mode, and crushing predation in the Ordovician Arnheim Formation, Kentucky, USA

Published on Aug 9, 2019in Historical Biology1.489
路 DOI :10.1080/08912963.2017.1407929
Frank L. Forcino5
Estimated H-index: 5
(WCU: Western Carolina University),
Emily S. Stafford8
Estimated H-index: 8
(WCU: Western Carolina University),
Rainee L. Tetreault1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WCU: Western Carolina University)
Abstract
AbstractPredation on ancient shelled prey is an often-studied topic in paleoecology, but the early Paleozoic and the brachiopods that dominated the seafloor at that time are relatively underreprese...
  • References (53)
  • Citations (1)
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References53
Newest
#1X. Y. Xu (CityU: City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 2
#2K. R. Yip (CityU: City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 1
Last. Siu Gin Cheung (CityU: City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 25
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Predation of the muricid gastropod Thais clavigera on two-sized groups of the mussel Brachidontes variabilis was studied under three pCO2 levels, 380, 950, and 1250聽渭atm. At 950聽渭atm pCO2 level, the prey handling time decreased significantly and large-sized B. variabilis were preferred by T. clavigera. However, the prey consumption rate was independent of pCO2 levels, although the prey searching time increased significantly at elevated pCO2. These findings indicated that the predator鈥損r...
6 CitationsSource
#1Fangli Wu (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 7
#2Ting Wang (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 2
Last. Youji WangH-Index: 17
view all 11 authors...
Abstract We examined prey selection and foraging behaviors of the crab Charybdis japonica exposed to four combinations of pH (7.3 and 8.1) and temperature (18聽掳C and 25聽掳C). The order of prey selection by C. japonica was Potamocorbula laevis, Ruditapes philippinarum, Tegillarca granosa and Mactra veneriformis. Under high pCO2, times for searching, breaking, eating and handling were all significantly longer than those at the normal pCO2, and the prey profitability and predation rate under high pC...
8 CitationsSource
5 CitationsSource
1 CitationsSource
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Inter Research via http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps11956
8 CitationsSource
#1Olev Vinn (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 20
AbstractSigns of predation appear in the Middle Ordovician of Baltica. Shell repair dominates over the predatory borings in the Ordovician and Silurian. Predators attacked molluscs, brachiopods and tentaculitoids in the Ordovician and molluscs, tentaculitoids, brachiopods and ostracods in the Silurian. There is an increase in the number of prey species in the Late Ordovician, which could be related to the Great Ordovician Biodiversification Event. Molluscs are the favourite prey taxon in the Ord...
4 CitationsSource
#1Emily S. Stafford (WCU: Western Carolina University)H-Index: 8
#2Carrie L. Tyler (CC: Colorado College)H-Index: 9
Last. Lindsey R. Leighton (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 19
view all 3 authors...
Predator-prey interactions can shape biological communities and drive evolutionary change. The assessment of predation rates in modern and ancient ecosystems presents many challenges. We examined the utility of one common predation metric, shell repair frequency, as a proxy for crushing predation on marine gastropod populations. Our six localities near Bamfield, British Columbia, represented two contrasting predation regimes: three high-wave-energy (exposed) environments have low predation rates...
12 CitationsSource
#1Frank L. Forcino (WCU: Western Carolina University)H-Index: 5
#2Kathleen A. Ritterbush (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 6
Last. Emily S. Stafford (WCU: Western Carolina University)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The Mantel test and Procrustes Randomization test (PROTEST) are critically valuable to paleoecological research in allowing statistical evaluation of observed trends in multivariate data. Paleoecological data are inherently multivariate, and feature caveats (varied sample size, hierarchical sampling, multiple independent variables) that make them ill-suited for univariate statistics. Established modern ecological cases demonstrate that the Mantel test and PROTEST of multivariate dataset...
3 CitationsSource
#1Emily S. Stafford (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 8
#2Gregory P. Dietl (Paleontological Research Institution)H-Index: 19
Last. Lindsey R. Leighton (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Predatory traces, in which the tracemaker has damaged the prey animal's skeleton to kill and consume it, have a deep fossil history and have received much scientific attention. Several types of predatory traces have been assigned to ichnotaxa, but one of the most studied predatory traces, the wedge-shaped excision produced as a result of attacks mainly by crustaceans on the apertures of gastropod shells, has yet to be described as an ichnotaxon. We propose the ichnogenus Caedichnus to describe t...
13 CitationsSource
#1Sumanta MallickH-Index: 4
#2Subhendu Bardhan (Jadavpur University)H-Index: 11
Last. Pritha Goswami (Jadavpur University)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract One of the important and well documented prey鈥損redator interactions in the fossil record is drilling predation done by naticid gastropods which diversified during the Cretaceous. Although drilling frequencies showed fluctuating patterns, most of the previous studies argued that naticid drilling predation was less intense during the Cretaceous and the modern values were achieved since the Paleocene. We, here, present a new dataset of naticid drilling predations, involving 31,929 gastropo...
17 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Adi毛l A. Klompmaker (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 8
#2Patricia H. Kelley (UNCW: University of North Carolina at Wilmington)H-Index: 7
Last. Micha艂 Kowalewski (Florida Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 37
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The fossil record is the primary source of data used to study predator-prey interactions in deep time and to evaluate key questions regarding the evolutionary and ecological importance of predation. Here, we review the types of paleontological data used to infer predation in the marine fossil record, discuss strengths and limitations of paleontological lines of evidence used to recognize and evaluate predatory activity, assess the influence of environmental gradients on predation patter...
1 CitationsSource