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A new species of Celebochoerus (Suidae, Mammalia) from the Philippines and the paleobiogeography of the genus Celebochoerus Hooijer, 1948☆
Abstract
Abstract Celebochoerus is a unique suid having extremely large upper tusks, and which was to date only known from the Pliocene-Pleistocene of Sulawesi Island in Indonesia. Here, we report on the discovery of a canine fragment referable to Celebochoerus from the Cagayan Valley of Luzon, Northern Philippines. We name a new species, Celebochoerus cagayanensis nov. sp., which differs from the Sulawesi species Celebochoerus heekereni in having mesial and distal enamel bands on the upper canines. We see these characteristics as symplesiomorphic in suids and propose a migration route from the Philippines to Sulawesi, possibly out of Taiwan, which would have occurred independently from the better known Pleistocene migration route from India into Java.
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  • Cited By (2)
P. Y. Sondaar1
Estimated H-index: 1
When the car ferry “Rethymnon” sails from Piraeus towards Crete one can already feel the strong endemic atmosphere of the island. Rethymnon itself is a beautiful historical town on Crete in an area containing many Pleistocene fossil mammal localities which have yielded endemic deer, elephants and murids. A striking thing on board the ferry are notices written in Japanese which suggest that the ship was probably not launched under the name Rethymnon and served in her earlier days on the Japanese ...
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John de Vos18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Naturalis),
Lars W. van den Hoek Ostende15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Naturalis),
Gert D. van den Bergh1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Naturalis)
The clearest examples of dwarfism and gigantism on islands are found in the fossil record. They form part of unbalanced faunas, which attest that only a few non-volant mammals were able to reach the island. Pygmy elephants and giant rats evolved in the isolation of these insular environments. Thus, the telltale signs of an insular fauna can be used to deduce the island's palaeogeography. The faunas from the Gargano (Italy), a region presently forming part of the mainland, contain vari- ous giant...
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  • References (25)
  • Cited By (2)
2018 in Nature [IF: 40.14]
Thomas Ingicco3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Gerrit D van den Bergh9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Wollongong),
C. Jago-on1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Museum of the Philippines)
... more
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2018 in Quaternary International [IF: 2.20]
Archie Tiauzon2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of the Philippines Diliman),
John Peterson (National Museum of the Philippines), Emil Charles Robles3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of the Philippines Diliman)
... more
Abstract For more than a half-century of research, the Philippine Paleolithic toolmaking has shown the persistence of the small-based flake tools. The bulk of the evidence comes from the excavation in caves and rock shelters. This paper presents the discovered open-sites in northern Mindanao that have large stone artifacts such as choppers and picks. These tools were produced with direct percussion on hard hammer initiated by wedge-flaking. Locally available cobble-sized materials were reduced w...
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