Bringing schemas to the tableDefinition and measurement of cognitive schemas involved in careers
Published on Jan 1, 2014
· DOI :10.5465/ambpp.2014.15018abstract
This paper intends to describe the cognitive schemas involved in careers. First, we demonstrate that common concepts used in career studies cannot account for the contemporary, context-rooted career behaviors. Second, we define “career schemas” and develop a scale in order to validate and measure them. The study used both a scale development process and cognitive mapping. The study was conducted on three samples of French executives (“cadres”). Twenty individuals participated in pre-survey interviews. We develop a specific technique to conduct pre-surveys interviews and items generation (critical career events technique). Exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses were used on two samples of 582 participants. Cognitive maps are used to analyze the meaning of the factors. Four factors describe the “shareholders” of careers according to the subjects, respectively the organization, competitors, and job market. The study shows links between such factors and objective career success. It leads to a new und...