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What Do Project Globe's Cultural Dimensions Reflect? An Empirical Perspective

Published on Jan 1, 2012in Asia Pacific Business Review0.90
· DOI :10.1080/13602381.2010.496292
Michael Minkov19
Estimated H-index: 19
(International University, Cambodia),
Vesselin Ivanov Blagoev5
Estimated H-index: 5
(International University, Cambodia)
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Abstract
There is an ongoing controversy about what Project GLOBE's cultural dimensions measure. GLOBE's work has been criticized by various authors, most recently by McCrae and associates, who view some of GLOBE's scales as unfounded national stereotypes. Further, GLOBE has disregarded the difference between personal values and prescribed norms for others. This paper validates some of GLOBE's dimensions empirically. However, at least two -- humane orientation and performance orientation -- do not generate convincing nomological networks.
  • References (21)
  • Citations (32)
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References21
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2010
Geert Hofstede62
Estimated H-index: 62
,
G.J. Hofstede7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 1 AuthorsMcGraw-Hill New1
Estimated H-index: 1
Rebecca A. Fischer39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Victoria University of Wellington)
Culture is often seen as a shared meaning system. This definition has important implications for cross cultural management research. This article outlines a multilevel research process model that identifies a number of crucial steps to be aware of, if culture is being treated as a shared construct. The model integrates recent advances on composition models in organizational research and equivalence and multilevel frameworks in cross cultural psychology research. The proposed model is discussed i...
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Fons Trompenaars5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Charles Hampden-Turner6
Estimated H-index: 6
A paddle for a boat such as a canoe having a blade and a handle connected by an intermediate portion, all on a common axis, is formed with a modified T-shaped or contoured handle comprising a cross member at the end of the intermediate portion, the cross member being normal to the axis and having discreet prominent projections at the ends thereof extending toward the blade generally parallel to the axis and the intermediate portion being gently enlarged near the handle to provide an abutment or ...
Published on Nov 1, 2008in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology1.42
Robert R. McCrae108
Estimated H-index: 108
(NIH: National Institutes of Health),
Antonio Terracciano46
Estimated H-index: 46
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
+ 1 AuthorsJüri Allik46
Estimated H-index: 46
(UT: University of Tartu)
Some of the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Societal Practices scales ask for descriptions of typical personality traits that might be interpreted as judgments of national character. Ratings of national character reflect cultural identities and social dynamics, but previous research suggests that they are unrelated to the mean personality traits of the culture's members. Analyses at the culture level comparing GLOBE scales with aggregate assessed personality t...
Published on Dec 1, 2007in European Journal of Personality3.33
Robert R. McCrae108
Estimated H-index: 108
(NIH: National Institutes of Health),
Antonio Terracciano46
Estimated H-index: 46
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
+ 1 AuthorsJüri Allik46
Estimated H-index: 46
(UT: University of Tartu)
National character stereotypes are widely shared, but do not reflect assessed levels of personality traits. In this article we present data illustrating the divergence of stereotypes and assessed personality traits in North and South Italy, test hypotheses about the associations of temperature and national wealth with national character stereotypes in 49 cultures, and explore possible links to national values and beliefs. Results suggest that warmth and wealth are common determinants of national...
Published on Nov 1, 2006in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Mansour Javidan28
Estimated H-index: 28
(ASU: Arizona State University),
Robert J. House53
Estimated H-index: 53
(UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)
+ 2 AuthorsMary F. Sully de Luque12
Estimated H-index: 12
(ASU: Arizona State University)
This paper explains why GLOBE used a set of cultural values and practices to measure national cultures. We show why there is no theoretical or empirical basis for Hofstede's criticism that GLOBE measures of values are too abstract or for his contention that national and organizational cultures are phenomena of different order. We also show why Hofstede has a limited understanding of the relationship between national wealth and culture. Furthermore, we explain why Hofstede's reanalysis of the GLO...
Published on Nov 1, 2006in Journal of International Business Studies7.72
Peter B. Smith41
Estimated H-index: 41
(University of Sussex)
Four aspects of the debate between Hofstede and Javidan et al. are highlighted. First, it is shown that characterizing cultures either on the basis of aggregated self-perceptions or on the basis of aggregated perceptions of others in one's society are not equivalent procedures. Each has inherent errors, and neither can be considered as providing the one best way to denote national cultures. Furthermore, the number of dimensions of national culture that can be usefully studied must be proportiona...
Published on Oct 1, 2006in Leadership Quarterly5.63
Mark F. Peterson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University),
Stephanie L. Castro10
Estimated H-index: 10
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University)
Abstract We propose that scholars who are interested in group, organizational, or societal constructs should consider three approaches to designing aggregate measures. The typical approach to aggregate measure design in organization studies is to create measures based on individual-level metric structures, then evaluate whether the individual level measures can be aggregated. We propose that the field continue to use this approach for fundamentally individual-level constructs, but to also make g...
Robert J. House53
Estimated H-index: 53
Foreword - Harry Triandis Preface - Robert J. House Part 1 Introduction Chapter 1 Introduction - Robert House Chapter 2 Overview of the Globe Research Program - Robert House and Mansour Javidan Part 2 Literature Chapter 3 Literature Review - Mansour Javidan and Robert House Chapter 4 Cultures and Leadership - Peter Dorfman and Robert House Chapter 5 The Impact of Societal Culture and Industry on Organizational Culture - Marcus Dickson, Renee BeShears, and Vipin Gupta Part 3 Project GLOBE: Resear...
Cited By32
Newest
Published on Jan 2, 2019in Journal of Social Entrepreneurship
Byungku Lee1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of La Verne),
Louise Kelly1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of La Verne)
AbstractCountry-level contexts can be important drivers that explain cross-national differences in individuals’ social entrepreneurship decisions. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of favourable cultural contexts that influence individuals to pursue social entrepreneurship. Our findings confirmed that cross-national social entrepreneurship differences can be explained in part by considering cultural leadership ideals at the country-level. Specifically, the country c...
Published on Nov 12, 2018in International Marketing Review3.45
Dheeraj Sharma8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Indian Institute of Management Rohtak),
Satyendra Singh15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Winnipeg),
Satyendra Singh (University of Winnipeg)
Purpose Culture is one of the critical variables in explaining consumer behavior and consumer response to external stimuli. The purpose of this paper is to delineate the relationship between deal proneness and culture. Specifically, this paper examines the relationship between Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, namely, power distance, individualism/collectivism, masculinity/femininity and uncertainty avoidance, and deal proneness. Additionally, the role of store image as a moderator between culture...
Published on Sep 14, 2018in Applied Economics0.97
Robert M. McNab11
Estimated H-index: 11
(ODU: Old Dominion University),
Son Dang Wilson (ODU: Old Dominion University)
ABSTRACTThis article empirically examines whether cultural values significantly influence budget transparency. We employ data for budget transparency from the Open Budget Index, and data for national culture from Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, the Global Leadership and Behavioral Effectiveness Research Project and the World Values Survey to explore this question. We find evidence that individualism positively influences budget transparency. We also find that stronger preferences for institution...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Kenneth David Strang (State University of New York at Plattsburgh), Narasimha Rao Vajjhala4
Estimated H-index: 4
(American University of Nigeria)
Published on Aug 7, 2017
Michael Minkov19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Pinaki Dutt2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 5 AuthorsBen Mudd2
Estimated H-index: 2
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated and authoritative measure of individualism vs collectivism (IDV-COLL) as a dimension of national culture. Design/methodology/approach Rather than focus solely on Hofstede’s classic work, the authors review the main nation-level studies of IDV-COLL and related constructs to identify the salient cultural differences between rich societies and developing nations. The authors conceptualize and operationalize IDV-COLL on the basis of those di...
Published on Jul 1, 2017in New Mathematics and Natural Computation
Narasimha Rao Vajjhala4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Kenneth David Strang16
Estimated H-index: 16
We propose that businesses, government, and not-for-profit entities could benefit from a better understanding of organizational behavior through the lens of a contemporary global culture model. Human resourcing and partnering decisions could be improved by using global culture to ensure a better organizational-fit as well as to reduce the risk of destructive relationship dependencies. For an extreme-limits example, a company could inadvertently hire a terrorist or a social loafer seeking to stea...
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Christopher Selvarajah12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Swinburne University of Technology),
Denny Meyer24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Swinburne University of Technology)
This research seeks to develop an understanding of work and leadership values as perceived by local managers. Though the extant literature has charted managerial values of countries such as Thailand (e.g., Selvarajah, Meyer, & Donovan, 2013; Yukongdi, 2010; Cuong & Swierczek, 2008) and Vietnam (e.g., Selvarajah, Meyer, Vinen, & Pham, 2010), a distinct paucity of empirical studies is evident in the other two Mekong countries. Studies such as Selvarajah, Meyer, Davuth, and Donovan (2012) and Chand...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Psicologia-reflexao E Critica
Clarissa Socal Cervo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos),
Lisete dos Santos Mendes Mónico3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UC: University of Coimbra)
+ 2 AuthorsLeonor Pais3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UC: University of Coimbra)
The Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ) is used to assess authentic leadership (AL). Although ALQ is often used in empirical research, cross-cultural studies with this measure are scarce. Aiming to contribute to filling this gap, this study assesses the invariance of the ALQ measure between samples of Brazilian (N = 1019) and Portuguese (N = 842) employees. A multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was performed, and the results showed the invariance of the first- and second-order factor m...
Published on Oct 28, 2016in Asian Social Science
Thi X. A. Tran1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Thi Lan Nguyen2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Thi Hue Nguyen2
Estimated H-index: 2
This research aims to use country–level uncertainty avoidance degree to explain the variation of venture capital investing activities across different Asian countries. The analysis of venture capital activity done for 11 Asian countries in period from 2003 to 2012 shows that country-level uncertainty avoidance degree have a significant negative impact on venture capital activity. Specifically, countries with higher degree of uncertainty avoidance degree, has a less developed venture capital mark...
View next paperCulture, leadership, and organizations : the GLOBE study of 62 societies