What Do Project Globe's Cultural Dimensions Reflect? An Empirical Perspective

Published on Jan 1, 2012in Asia Pacific Business Review0.897
· DOI :10.1080/13602381.2010.496292
Michael Minkov20
Estimated H-index: 20
(International University, Cambodia),
Vesselin Ivanov Blagoev5
Estimated H-index: 5
(International University, Cambodia)
There is an ongoing controversy about what Project GLOBE's cultural dimensions measure. GLOBE's work has been criticized by various authors, most recently by McCrae and associates, who view some of GLOBE's scales as unfounded national stereotypes. Further, GLOBE has disregarded the difference between personal values and prescribed norms for others. This paper validates some of GLOBE's dimensions empirically. However, at least two -- humane orientation and performance orientation -- do not generate convincing nomological networks.
  • References (21)
  • Citations (32)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
459 Citations
3,301 Citations
1 Author (Geert Hofstede)
12.3k Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Geert HofstedeH-Index: 65
#2Gert Jan HofstedeH-Index: 6
Last. McGraw-Hill NewH-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
1,454 Citations
Culture is often seen as a shared meaning system. This definition has important implications for cross cultural management research. This article outlines a multilevel research process model that identifies a number of crucial steps to be aware of, if culture is being treated as a shared construct. The model integrates recent advances on composition models in organizational research and equivalence and multilevel frameworks in cross cultural psychology research. The proposed model is discussed i...
104 CitationsSource
A paddle for a boat such as a canoe having a blade and a handle connected by an intermediate portion, all on a common axis, is formed with a modified T-shaped or contoured handle comprising a cross member at the end of the intermediate portion, the cross member being normal to the axis and having discreet prominent projections at the ends thereof extending toward the blade generally parallel to the axis and the intermediate portion being gently enlarged near the handle to provide an abutment or ...
1,574 Citations
#1Robert R. McCrae (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 111
#2Antonio Terracciano (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 50
Last. Jüri Allik (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 49
view all 4 authors...
Some of the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Societal Practices scales ask for descriptions of typical personality traits that might be interpreted as judgments of national character. Ratings of national character reflect cultural identities and social dynamics, but previous research suggests that they are unrelated to the mean personality traits of the culture's members. Analyses at the culture level comparing GLOBE scales with aggregate assessed personality t...
41 CitationsSource
#1Robert R. McCrae (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 111
#2Antonio Terracciano (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 50
Last. Jüri Allik (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 49
view all 4 authors...
National character stereotypes are widely shared, but do not reflect assessed levels of personality traits. In this article we present data illustrating the divergence of stereotypes and assessed personality traits in North and South Italy, test hypotheses about the associations of temperature and national wealth with national character stereotypes in 49 cultures, and explore possible links to national values and beliefs. Results suggest that warmth and wealth are common determinants of national...
48 CitationsSource
#1Mansour Javidan (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 29
#2Robert J. House (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 52
Last. Mary Sully de Luque (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 12
view all 5 authors...
522 CitationsSource
#1Mark F. Peterson (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 30
#2Stephanie L. Castro (FAU: Florida Atlantic University)H-Index: 10
Abstract We propose that scholars who are interested in group, organizational, or societal constructs should consider three approaches to designing aggregate measures. The typical approach to aggregate measure design in organization studies is to create measures based on individual-level metric structures, then evaluate whether the individual level measures can be aggregated. We propose that the field continue to use this approach for fundamentally individual-level constructs, but to also make g...
83 CitationsSource
Four aspects of the debate between Hofstede and Javidan et al. are highlighted. First, it is shown that characterizing cultures either on the basis of aggregated self-perceptions or on the basis of aggregated perceptions of others in one's society are not equivalent procedures. Each has inherent errors, and neither can be considered as providing the one best way to denote national cultures. Furthermore, the number of dimensions of national culture that can be usefully studied must be proportiona...
230 CitationsSource
459 CitationsSource
3,301 CitationsSource
Cited By32
#1Richard Fellows (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 19
8 CitationsSource
#1Byungku Lee (University of La Verne)H-Index: 1
#2Louise Kelly (University of La Verne)H-Index: 1
AbstractCountry-level contexts can be important drivers that explain cross-national differences in individuals’ social entrepreneurship decisions. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the ...
#1Dheeraj Sharma (Indian Institute of Management Rohtak)H-Index: 9
#2Satyendra Singh (University of Winnipeg)H-Index: 12
Culture is one of the critical variables in explaining consumer behavior and consumer response to external stimuli. The purpose of this paper is to delineate the relationship between deal proneness and culture. Specifically, this paper examines the relationship between Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, namely, power distance, individualism/collectivism, masculinity/femininity and uncertainty avoidance, and deal proneness. Additionally, the role of store image as a moderator between culture and dea...
1 CitationsSource
#1Robert M. McNab (ODU: Old Dominion University)H-Index: 12
#2Son Dang Wilson (ODU: Old Dominion University)
ABSTRACTThis article empirically examines whether cultural values significantly influence budget transparency. We employ data for budget transparency from the Open Budget Index, and data for national culture from Hofstede’s cultural dimensions, the Global Leadership and Behavioral Effectiveness Research Project and the World Values Survey to explore this question. We find evidence that individualism positively influences budget transparency. We also find that stronger preferences for institution...
#1Syed Hassan RazaH-Index: 2
#2Hassan Abu BakarH-Index: 10
Last. Bahtiar MohamadH-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
#1Kenneth David Strang (State University of New York at Plattsburgh)H-Index: 16
#2Narasimha Rao Vajjhala (American University of Nigeria)H-Index: 5
#1Michael MinkovH-Index: 20
#2Pinaki DuttH-Index: 2
Last. Ben Mudd (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 2
view all 8 authors...
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide an updated and authoritative measure of individualism vs collectivism (IDV-COLL) as a dimension of national culture. Design/methodology/approach Rather than focus solely on Hofstede’s classic work, the authors review the main nation-level studies of IDV-COLL and related constructs to identify the salient cultural differences between rich societies and developing nations. The authors conceptualize and operationalize IDV-COLL on the basis of those di...
19 CitationsSource
#1Narasimha Rao Vajjhala (American University of Nigeria)H-Index: 5
#2Kenneth David Strang (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 16
We propose that businesses, government, and not-for-profit entities could benefit from a better understanding of organizational behavior through the lens of a contemporary global culture model. Human resourcing and partnering decisions could be improved by using global culture to ensure a better organizational-fit as well as to reduce the risk of destructive relationship dependencies. For an extreme-limits example, a company could inadvertently hire a terrorist or a social loafer seeking to stea...
4 CitationsSource
#1Christopher Selvarajah (Swinburne University of Technology)H-Index: 12
#2Denny Meyer (Swinburne University of Technology)H-Index: 25
This research seeks to develop an understanding of work and leadership values as perceived by local managers. Though the extant literature has charted managerial values of countries such as Thailand (e.g., Selvarajah, Meyer, & Donovan, 2013; Yukongdi, 2010; Cuong & Swierczek, 2008) and Vietnam (e.g., Selvarajah, Meyer, Vinen, & Pham, 2010), a distinct paucity of empirical studies is evident in the other two Mekong countries. Studies such as Selvarajah, Meyer, Davuth, and Donovan (2012) and Chand...
1 CitationsSource
#1Thi X. A. TranH-Index: 1
#2Thi L. A. NguyenH-Index: 2
Last. Thi H. L. NguyenH-Index: 2
view all 3 authors...
This research aims to use country–level uncertainty avoidance degree to explain the variation of venture capital investing activities across different Asian countries. The analysis of venture capital activity done for 11 Asian countries in period from 2003 to 2012 shows that country-level uncertainty avoidance degree have a significant negative impact on venture capital activity. Specifically, countries with higher degree of uncertainty avoidance degree, has a less developed venture capital mark...
2 CitationsSource