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Predictors of depression, stress, and anxiety among non-tenure track faculty

Published on Jul 8, 2014in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
· DOI :10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00701
Gretchen M. Reevy6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CSUEB: California State University, East Bay),
Grace Deason7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UWL: University of Wisconsin–La Crosse)
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Abstract
Nationwide in the United States, 70% of faculty members in higher education are employed off the tenure-track. Nearly all of these non-tenure-track (NTT) appointments share a quality that may produce stress for those who hold them: contingency. Most NTT appointments are contingent on budget, enrollment, or both, and the majority of contingent faculty members are hired for one quarter or semester at a time. Significant research has investigated the effects of contingency on teaching, students, departments, colleges, and universities; however, little research has focused on the psychological experiences of NTT faculty. The current study examined perceptions of workplace stressors and harm, organizational commitment, common coping mechanisms, and depression, anxiety and stress among NTT faculty using a longitudinal design that spanned two to four months. Results indicate that NTT faculty perceive unique stressors at work that are related to their contingent positions. Specific demographic characteristics and coping strategies, inability to find a permanent faculty position, and commitment to one’s organization predispose NTT faculty to perceive greater harm and more sources of stress in their workplaces. Demographic characteristics, lower income, inability to find a permanent faculty position, disengagement coping mechanisms (e.g., giving up, denial), and organizational commitment were associated with the potential for negative outcomes, particularly depression, anxiety, and stress. Our findings suggest possibilities for institutional intervention. Overall, we argue that universities would be well-served by attending to the needs of NTT faculty on campus in order to mitigate negative outcomes for institutions, students, and faculty.
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  • References (57)
  • Citations (23)
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References57
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Current Opinion in Psychiatry4.48
Ryan Li8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Claudia Cooper37
Estimated H-index: 37
,
Gill Livingston60
Estimated H-index: 60
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mood and anxiety disorders are common in family carers of people with dementia, and are associated with poor carer and care recipient outcomes. Caring for someone with dementia is stressful, but how carers cope may be an important determinant of carer psychological morbidity. This review summarizes and integrates the literature on the effect of coping style and its role in effective carer interventions. RECENT FINDINGS: Two systematic reviews evaluated relationships between co...
Published on Sep 17, 2013
Harrison M. Trice1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Richard T. Mowday24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 1 AuthorsRichard M. Steers36
Estimated H-index: 36
Published on Nov 1, 2012in Journal of Affective Disorders4.08
Milena Gandy14
Estimated H-index: 14
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Louise Sharpe40
Estimated H-index: 40
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Kathryn Nicholson Perry17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Western Sydney)
Abstract Background People with epilepsy (PWE) have a high chance of experiencing depression and anxiety disorders over their lifetime. However, those most at risk are unknown. Psychosocial variables have been suggested as potentially important risk factors. A systematic review was conducted in order to critically assess available evidence regarding the psychosocial predictors of depression and anxiety in adults with epilepsy. Methods Electronic databases searched were MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Web ...
Published on Nov 1, 2011in American Behavioral Scientist1.44
Roger G. Baldwin14
Estimated H-index: 14
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Matthew R. Wawrzynski10
Estimated H-index: 10
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Contingent faculty (full-time and part-time) who are not eligible for tenure or permanent employment provide a large portion of the instruction in U.S. higher education institutions, especially at the undergraduate level. However, in spite of the important functions contingent faculty perform, we know relatively little about their teaching practices or their impact on the educational environment of colleges and universities. This article uses data from the 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Fa...
Published on Mar 18, 2011
Sanja Kutnjak Ivković17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
John Hagan NorthwesternUniversity70
Estimated H-index: 70
Published on Nov 30, 2010
Vicki S. Helgeson51
Estimated H-index: 51
(CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)
Published on Nov 30, 2010
Carolyn M. Aldwin36
Estimated H-index: 36
(OSU: Oregon State University)
Cited By23
Newest
Published on Jun 28, 2019in The Professional Geographer1.55
Linda Peake15
Estimated H-index: 15
(York University),
Kim England18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UW: University of Washington)
The professional organizations to which geographers belong and by which they are represented have a civic duty and ethical responsibility to educate their members about mental health issues in thei...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Environmental Science & Policy4.82
Christopher Cvitanovic15
Estimated H-index: 15
(ANU: Australian National University),
Mark Howden23
Estimated H-index: 23
(ANU: Australian National University)
+ 3 AuthorsP.F.E Addison1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Oxford)
Abstract Participatory research approaches are increasingly advocated as an effective means to produce usable climate adaptation science, and increase the likelihood that it will be beneficially incorporated into decision-making processes. However, while the implementation of participatory research approaches, such as those associated with knowledge co-production, have become increasingly commonplace, to date there has been little consideration given to the challenges and subsequent risks associ...
Published on Mar 18, 2019in Compare
Kirsi Pyhältö19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Stellenbosch University),
Jouni Peltonen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Oulu)
+ 1 AuthorsLynn McAlpine22
Estimated H-index: 22
(McGill University)
ABSTRACTInterest plays a major role in the doctoral experience. However, previous research has not considered how the national context might influence interest. This study focused on exploring cross-national variation in doctoral students’ experiences by comparing Finnish, UK and Spanish doctoral students’ research interests. Participants (n = 2.426) responded to the Doctoral Experience survey. Spanish students sustained higher levels of researcher and instrumental interest compared to both UK a...
Sabina Asensio-Cuesta , Adrián Bresó5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsJuan Miguel García-Gómez13
Estimated H-index: 13
Depression is associated with absenteeism and presentism, problems in workplace relationships and loss of productivity and quality. The present work describes the validation of a web-based system for the assessment of depression in the university work context. The basis of the system is the Spanish version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II). A total of 185 participants completed the BDI-II web-based assessment, including 88 males and 97 females, 70 faculty members and 115 staff members. A...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Amber Dailey-Hebert6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Park University),
Emily Donnelli-Sallee3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Park University)
+ 1 AuthorsStacey L Kikendall (Park University)
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of Academic Ethics
Gary Blau36
Estimated H-index: 36
(TU: Temple University),
Roman Szewczuk (TU: Temple University)+ 2 AuthorsMike Guglielmo (TU: Temple University)
Faculty continue to address academic dishonesty in their classes. In this follow-up to an earlier study on general perceived faculty student cheating, using a sample of business school faculty, we compared three levels of faculty classification: full-time non-tenure track (NTT, n = 86), full-time tenured/tenure-track (TT, n = 66), and part-time adjuncts (A, n = 71). Results showed that NTTs perceived higher levels for three different types of student cheating, i.e., paper-based, forbidden teamwo...
Published on Sep 19, 2018in Higher Education Research & Development1.82
Billy Bryan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Sheffield),
Kay Guccione (University of Sheffield)
ABSTRACTThe recruitment of doctoral graduates yields collective knowledge, skills, networking, and prestige benefits to organisations, and to UK industries. As individuals though, do graduates experience overall benefit from their doctorate, and how do they perceive the value that engaging with doctoral study confers? This interview study used a critical, interpretive lens to examine perceptions of value across experiences of doctoral education and asked specifically about the utility of doctora...
Anamarija Klaic (UZH: University of Zurich), Michael J. Burtscher10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UZH: University of Zurich),
Klaus Jonas15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UZH: University of Zurich)
ABSTRACTTeam-based work structures have become prevalent in science. Scientific teams, however, are characterized by competing individual-level and team-level needs (i.e., by mixed-motive situations). This makes leading scientific teams particularly challenging: Balancing competing individual-level goals and common team-level goals requires a specific type of leadership that simultaneously considers both satisfying individual-level needs as well as team-level needs. The current study addresses t...
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