Match!

Predictors of depression, stress, and anxiety among non-tenure track faculty

Published on Jul 8, 2014in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
· DOI :10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00701
Gretchen M. Reevy6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CSUEB: California State University, East Bay),
Grace Deason8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UWL: University of Wisconsin–La Crosse)
View in Source
Abstract
Nationwide in the United States, 70% of faculty members in higher education are employed off the tenure-track. Nearly all of these non-tenure-track (NTT) appointments share a quality that may produce stress for those who hold them: contingency. Most NTT appointments are contingent on budget, enrollment, or both, and the majority of contingent faculty members are hired for one quarter or semester at a time. Significant research has investigated the effects of contingency on teaching, students, departments, colleges, and universities; however, little research has focused on the psychological experiences of NTT faculty. The current study examined perceptions of workplace stressors and harm, organizational commitment, common coping mechanisms, and depression, anxiety and stress among NTT faculty using a longitudinal design that spanned two to four months. Results indicate that NTT faculty perceive unique stressors at work that are related to their contingent positions. Specific demographic characteristics and coping strategies, inability to find a permanent faculty position, and commitment to one’s organization predispose NTT faculty to perceive greater harm and more sources of stress in their workplaces. Demographic characteristics, lower income, inability to find a permanent faculty position, disengagement coping mechanisms (e.g., giving up, denial), and organizational commitment were associated with the potential for negative outcomes, particularly depression, anxiety, and stress. Our findings suggest possibilities for institutional intervention. Overall, we argue that universities would be well-served by attending to the needs of NTT faculty on campus in order to mitigate negative outcomes for institutions, students, and faculty.
Figures & Tables
  • References (57)
  • Citations (26)
References57
Newest
#1Ryan LiH-Index: 10
#2Claudia CooperH-Index: 40
Last.Gill LivingstonH-Index: 62
view all 3 authors...
11 CitationsSource
#1Richard T. MowdayH-Index: 24
#2Lyman W. PorterH-Index: 48
Last.Richard M. SteersH-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
3,715 Citations
#1John W. CurtisH-Index: 1
#2Saranna ThorntonH-Index: 1
18 Citations
#1Milena Gandy (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 16
#2Louise Sharpe (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 42
Last.Kathryn Nicholson Perry (University of Western Sydney)H-Index: 18
view all 3 authors...
31 CitationsSource
1 Citations
#1Kyle GroffH-Index: 1
1 Citations
#1Roger G. Baldwin (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 15
#2Matthew R. Wawrzynski (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 9
63 CitationsSource
16 CitationsSource
#1Vicki S. Helgeson (CMU: Carnegie Mellon University)H-Index: 52
10 CitationsSource
#1Carolyn M. Aldwin (OSU: Oregon State University)H-Index: 36
31 CitationsSource
Cited By26
Newest
#1Linda Peake (York University)H-Index: 16
#2Kim England (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 18
Source
1 CitationsSource
#1Gail Kinman (University of Bedfordshire)H-Index: 22
#2Sheena Johnson (University of Manchester)H-Index: 14
1 CitationsSource
#1Christopher Cvitanovic (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 17
#2Mark Howden (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 21
Last.P. F.E. Addison (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kirsi Pyhältö (Stellenbosch University)H-Index: 20
#2Jouni Peltonen (University of Oulu)H-Index: 2
Last.Lynn McAlpine (McGill University)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Source
Source
#1Lenora M. Hayes (FSU: Fayetteville State University)
Source
#1Amber Dailey-Hebert (Park University)H-Index: 6
#2Emily Donnelli-Sallee (Park University)H-Index: 3
Last.Stacey L Kikendall (Park University)
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Gary Blau (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 39
#2Roman Szewczuk (TU: Temple University)
Last.Mike Guglielmo (TU: Temple University)
view all 5 authors...
Source
#1Billy Bryan (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 1
#2Kay Guccione (University of Sheffield)H-Index: 1
2 CitationsSource