Traditional serrated adenoma has two pathways of neoplastic progression that are distinct from the sessile serrated pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis.

Published on Mar 7, 2014in Modern Pathology6.365
· DOI :10.1038/MODPATHOL.2014.35
Jia-Huei Tsai13
Estimated H-index: 13
(NTU: National Taiwan University),
Jau-Yu Liau17
Estimated H-index: 17
(NTU: National Taiwan University)
+ 4 AuthorsYung-Ming Jeng55
Estimated H-index: 55
(NTU: National Taiwan University)
Traditional serrated adenoma has two pathways of neoplastic progression that are distinct from the sessile serrated pathway of colorectal carcinogenesis
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Serrated lesions of the colorectum are the precursors of perhaps one-third of colorectal cancers (CRCs). Cancers arising in serrated lesions are usually in the proximal colon, and account for a disproportionate fraction of cancer identified after colonoscopy. We sought to provide guidance for the clinical management of serrated colorectal lesions based on current evidence and expert opinion regarding definitions, classification, and significance of serrated lesions. A consensus conference was he...
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Traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs) are a type of colorectal polyp with neoplastic potential. Immunohistochemical analysis and sequencing were performed on 24 TSAs from 23 patients to characterize the molecular genetics of TSAs. Abnormal Ki-67 and p53 labeling were observed in 7 (29%) of 24 and 6 (25%) of 24 TSAs, respectively; both types were significantly associated with the presence of conventional epithelial dysplasia (P = .0005 and P = .0001, respectively). Activating KRAS mutation was ide...
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The pathogenesis and risk of malignancy of traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs) are unclear. In North America, TSAs are relatively uncommon, occur mainly in the left colon, and in some studies, have not been shown to have a strong association with hyperplastic polyp (HPP) or sessile polyp adenoma (SSA) precursor lesions. In the Far East, and particularly in Korea, TSAs are more common and occur both in the left and right colon. However, the pathogenesis of TSAs in Korean patients, and the simila...
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Traditional serrated adenoma was first reported by Longacre and Fenoglio-Presier in 1990. Their initial study described main features of this lesion, but the consensus diagnostic criteria were not widely adopted until recently. Traditional serrated adenoma presents with grossly protuberant configuration and pinecone-like appearance upon endoscopy. Histologically, it is characterized by ectopic crypt formation, slit-like serration, eosinophilic cytoplasm and pencillate nuclei. Although much is no...
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Several types of nonconventional dysplasia have been recently described in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, strict morphologic criteria are lacking, and their clinicopathologic features (including potential association with conventional dysplasia and/or colorectal cancer [CRC]) are poorly understood. A total of 106 dysplastic or serrated lesions in 58 IBD patients with CRC were retrospectively identified from five institutions. Thirty-six cases of nonconventional dysplasia were identif...
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Traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) remains the least understood of all the colorectal adenomas, although these lesions have been associated with a significant cancer risk, twice that of the conventional adenoma (CAD) and of the sessile serrated adenoma (SSA/P). This study was performed to investigate the proteomic profiles of the different colorectal adenomas to better understand the pathogenesis of TSA. We performed a global quantitative proteome analysis using the label-free quantification (LF...
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Summary Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). The significance of serrated lesions resembling traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) in IBD patients is unclear. In this retrospective study, we analyzed 52 TSA-like lesions arising in 30 IBD patients and diagnosed in colectomy or endoscopic specimens. The 27 colectomy lesions presented predominantly as ill-defined areas with granular appearance, with a median size of 15 mm, located through...
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Recent studies have shown that colorectal serrated lesions, which include sessile serrated adenomas (SSAs) and traditional serrated adenomas (TSAs), are precursors of colorectal cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the carcinogenesis, particularly in TSAs, remain largely uncharacterized. To clarify their molecular and clinicopathological characteristics, we performed mutation and methylation analyses of cancer-associated genes in 78 serrated lesions, including TSAs, SSAs and micr...
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Background Traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) is the least common type of colorectal serrated polyp, which exhibits considerable morphological and molecular diversity.
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OBJECTIVES: Serrated lesions of the colorectum often have complex histological morphology, and some groups include subtypes with different molecular biology. This study aimed to characterize serrated lesions with heterogeneous histology that was dominated by a traditional serrated adenoma (TSA) component. METHODS: Representative lesions were selected based on both endoscopic and histological features. If a lesion had more than one component, each of the different structural parts was considered ...
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. It includes different subtypes that differ in their clinical and prognostic features. In the past decade, in addition to the conventional adenoma-carcinoma model, an alternative multistep mechanism of carcinogenesis, namely the “serrated pathway”, has been described. Approximately, 15 to 30% of all CRCs arise from neoplastic serrated polyps, a heterogeneous group of lesions that are histologically classified into three morphol...
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Objective To provide an overview of the pathology and molecular pathogenesis of traditional serrated adenomas (TSA). Design Describe the morphology and molecules that play a role in their pathogenesis. Results These exuberant polypoid lesions are typified by tall cells with deeply eosinophilic cytoplasm, elongated nuclei bearing delicate chromatin, ectopic crypt foci, deep clefting of the lining mucosa and an overall resemblance to small bowel mucosa. Broadly, TSAs arise via three mechanisms. Th...
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#1Runjan Chetty (UHN: University Health Network)H-Index: 2