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A bizarre Jurassic maniraptoran from China with elongate ribbon-like feathers.

Published on Oct 1, 2008in Nature 41.58
· DOI :10.1038/nature07447
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
ZHOUZhonghe47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsCorwin Sullivan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
This paper presents another chapter in the earliest history of birds, with the discovery of a feathered dinosaur from the Mid to Late Jurassic of China. Living a little earlier than the famous fossil bird Archaeopteryx, the newly discovered creature is birdlike in many ways including the presence of four very long tail feathers, but otherwise no sign of flight feathers of the kind seen in birdlike dinosaurs such as Microraptor.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (138)
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References25
Newest
Published on Sep 7, 2010in Acta Geologica Sinica-english Edition 2.51
LiuYongqing8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Liu Yongqing5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Capital Normal University),
Zhang Hong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China Geological Survey)
LA-ICPMS Zircon U-Pb dating is applied to volcanic rocks overlying and underlying the Salamander-bearing bed in the Daohugou beds of Ningcheng in Inner Mongola and Reshuichang of Lingyuan and Mazhangzi of Jianping in western Liaoning. The results indicate that the youngest age of the rocks in Daohugou of Ningcheng is 158 Ma, and the oldest one is 164 Ma. Synthesized researches indicate that the salamander-bearing beds in Daohugou of Ningcheng, Reshuichang of Lingyuan and Mazhangzi of Jianping we...
27 Citations Source Cite
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
ZHOUZhonghe47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Michael J. Benton66
Estimated H-index: 66
(University of Bristol)
Confuciusornithids, lived from 120–125 million years ago, form a basal bird group and include the oldest birds with horny beaks. Here we describe Eoconfuciusornis zhengi, gen. et sp. nov. from the Early Cretaceous Dabeigou Formatio (131 Ma) in Fengning, Hebei Province, northern China. It represents a new and, more primitive than other known, member of this group and extends the lifespan of this family to 11 Ma, the longest of any known Early Cretaceous avian lineages. Furthermore, Eoconfuciusorn...
55 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2007in Acta Geologica Sinica-english Edition 2.51
Zheng Xiaoting1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Zhang Zihui2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Capital Normal University),
Hou Lianhai4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
:Paraprotopteryx gracilis, a new enantiornithine bird from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Fengning, northern Hebei Province is erected, based on the following characters: Y-shaped furcula with a long hypocleidum and a much narrow interclavicular angle, and the morphology of the sternum are different from other enantiornithines. Additionally, alular digit bearing the biggest manual claw extends distally to the distal end of the major metacarpal; the minor metacarpal is slender than the ...
32 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 7, 2007in Science 41.06
Alan H. Turner24
Estimated H-index: 24
(American Museum of Natural History),
Diego Pol36
Estimated H-index: 36
(National Scientific and Technical Research Council)
+ 2 AuthorsMark A. Norell57
Estimated H-index: 57
(American Museum of Natural History)
Fossil evidence for changes in dinosaurs near the lineage leading to birds and the origin of flight has been sparse. A dinosaur from Mongolia represents the basal divergence within Dromaeosauridae. The taxon's small body size and phylogenetic position imply that extreme miniaturization was ancestral for Paraves (the clade including Avialae, Troodontidae, and Dromaeosauridae), phylogenetically earlier than where flight evolution is strongly inferred. In contrast to the sustained small body sizes ...
219 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2006in Geological Journal 1.65
Xing Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(American Museum of Natural History),
Mark A. Norell57
Estimated H-index: 57
(American Museum of Natural History)
Over the past 10 years, numerous dinosaur specimens covering several major dinosaurian clades have been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of western Liaoning. Among ornithischians from the Jehol Group, ornithopod fossils shed new light on the evolution of this largest ornithischian group; ankylosaurian discoveries add morphological diversity relevant to the highly specialized ankylosaurian body-plan and ceratopsian occurrences offer a chance to study patterns of morphological chang...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2006in Geological Journal 1.65
Chen Xu18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Zhang Yuandong (张元动)13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Fan Junxuan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Based on the global graptolite genera and higher rank taxa, we propose three radiation stages through the Ordovician. The isograptid type of development is present within anisograptids predominating in the Tremadocian. Thus, the evolutionary radiation of the Anisograptid fauna from Tremadocian is proposed as the beginning of the Ordovician graptolite radiation. The second graptolite radiation event is the radiation of the Dichograptid fauna, which began from the T. fruticosus Biozone. The third ...
34 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2006in Nature 41.58
Xing Xu41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
A fossil dinosaur that 'nests' with feathered relations in the dinosaur phylogenetic tree did not, it seems, have feathers. The discovery will encourage a re-evaluation of feather evolution.
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2006in Acta Geologica Sinica-english Edition 2.51
Gao Ke3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Peking University),
Ren Dong7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Capital Normal University)
Lacustrine deposits exposed at Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China, have yielded superbly preserved vertebrate fossils. The fossil beds were first misinterpreted as of Early Cretaceous age, based on alleged occurrences of key fossils of the Jehol Biota. Compelling evidence revealed by more rigorous research involving regional biostratigraphy, radiometric dating, and paleontology supports the Middle Jurassic age of the fossil beds. Despite the awesome evidence for the Middle Jurassic age of the Daohu...
113 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2006
Gao Ke3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Capital Normal University)
Lacustrine deposits exposed at Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China, have yielded superbly preserved vertebrate fossils. The fossil beds were first misinterpreted as of Early Cretaceous age, based on alleged occurrences of key fossils of the Jehol Biota. Compelling evidence revealed by more rigorous research involving regional biostratigraphy, radiometric dating, and paleontology supports the Middle Jurassic age of the fossil beds. Despite the awesome evidence for the Middle Jurassic age of the Daohu...
59 Citations
Published on Oct 1, 2005in Nature 41.58
Peter J. Makovicky30
Estimated H-index: 30
,
Sebastián Apesteguía18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Federico L. Agnolin17
Estimated H-index: 17
Sickle-clawed predatory dinosaurs, known as dromaeosaurids, are close relatives of birds. Until a decade ago, members of this group such as Velociraptor were known only from northern continents, but a few fragmentary specimens have been found in the Southern Hemisphere in recent years. The cover shows a life reconstruction of Buitreraptor gonzalezorum, a newly discovered dromaeosaurid from La Buitrera in Patagonia, which is known from a nearly complete specimen. It is geologically oldest of the ...
166 Citations Source Cite
Cited By138
Newest
Published on May 2, 2019in PLOS Computational Biology 3.96
Yaser Saffar Talori (Tsinghua University), Jing-Shan Zhao (Tsinghua University)+ 3 AuthorsJingmai K. O'Connor22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
The origin of avian flight is one of the most controversial debates in Paleontology. This paper investigates the wing performance of Caudipteryx, the most basal non-volant dinosaur with pennaceous feathered forelimbs by using modal effective mass theory. From a mechanical standpoint, the forced vibrations excited by hindlimb locomotion stimulate the movement of wings, creating a flapping-like motion in response. This shows that the origin of the avian flight stroke should lie in a completely nat...
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Published on May 1, 2019in Nature 41.58
Min Wang30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Jingmai K. O’Connor9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsZHOUZhonghe47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Powered flight evolved independently in vertebrates in the pterosaurs, birds and bats, each of which has a different configuration of the bony elements and epidermal structures that form the wings1,2. Whereas the early fossil records of pterosaurs and bats are sparse, mounting evidence (primarily from China) of feathered non-avian dinosaurs and stemward avians that derive primarily from the Middle–Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous periods has enabled the slow piecing together of the origins of...
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Published on Feb 12, 2019in Frontiers of Earth Science in China
Federico L. Agnolin17
Estimated H-index: 17
,
Matías J. Motta1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsFernando E. Novas29
Estimated H-index: 29
Recent years witnessed the discovery of a great diversity of early birds as well as closely related non-avian theropods, which modified previous conceptions about the origin of birds and their flight. We here present a review of currently the taxonomic composition and main anatomical characteristics of those theropod families closely related with early birds, with the aim to analyze and discuss main phylogenetic hypotheses that compete some topics about the non-avian dinosaur-bird transition. We...
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Published on Jan 2, 2019in Historical Biology 1.25
Martin Kundrát11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik),
John R. Nudds6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Manchester)
+ 2 AuthorsPer Ahlberg24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Uppsala University)
ABSTRACTFrom an initial isolated position as the oldest evolutionary prototype of a bird, Archaeopteryx has, as a result of recent fossil discoveries, become embedded in a rich phylogenetic context of both more and less crownward stem-group birds. This has prompted debate over whether Archaeopteryx is simply a convergently bird-like non-avialan theropod. Here we show, using the first synchrotron microtomographic examination of the genus, that the eighth or Daiting specimen of Archaeopteryx posse...
3 Citations Source Cite
Zixiao Yang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Nanjing University),
Shengyu Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Nanjing University)
+ 6 AuthorsBaoyu Jiang13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Nanjing University)
Abstract The Middle–Upper Jurassic Yanliao Lagerstatte contains numerous exceptionally preserved fossils of aquatic and land organisms, including insects, salamanders, dinosaurs, pterosaurs and mammaliaforms. Despite extensive study of the diversity and evolutionary implications of the biota, the palaeoenvironmental setting and taphonomy of the fossils remain poorly understood. We reconstruct both the palaeoenvironment of the Daohugou area (one of the most famous Yanliao fossil areas), and the b...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications 12.35
Dongyu Hu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China),
Julia A. Clarke27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Texas at Austin)
+ 7 AuthorsXing Zhou Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
The Jurassic Yanliao theropods have offered rare glimpses of the early paravian evolution and particularly of bird origins, but, with the exception of the bizarre scansoriopterygids, they have shown similar skeletal and integumentary morphologies. Here we report a distinctive new Yanliao theropod species bearing prominent lacrimal crests, bony ornaments previously known from more basal theropods. It shows longer arm and leg feathers than Anchiornis and tail feathers with asymmetrical vanes formi...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of Palaeogeography
Lida Xing18
Estimated H-index: 18
(China University of Geosciences),
Pierre F.D. Cockx1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Regina)
+ 1 AuthorsJingmai K. O’Connor9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Over the last 20 years, compression fossils of feathers surrounding dinosaurs have greatly expanded our understanding of the origin and evolution of feathers. One of the most peculiar feather morphotypes discovered to date are rachis dominated feathers (RDFs), which have also been referred to as proximally ribbon-like pennaceous feathers (PRPFs). These elongate feathers are only found in the tail plumage, typically occurring in pairs with both streamer (not proximally ribbon-like) and racket-plu...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Scientific Reports 4.12
Yaser Saffar Talori (Tsinghua University), Yun-Fei Liu (Tsinghua University)+ 3 AuthorsZhiheng Li8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Pennaceous feathers capable of forming aerodynamic surfaces are characteristic of Pennaraptora, the group comprising birds and their closest relatives among non-avian dinosaurs. However, members of the basal pennaraptoran lineage Oviraptorosauria were clearly flightless, and the function of pennaceous feathers on the forelimb in oviraptorosaurs is still uncertain. In the basal oviraptorosaur Caudipteryx both the skeleton and the plumage, which includes pennaceous feathers forming wing-like arran...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications 12.35
Maria E. McNamara12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University College Cork),
Jonathan S. Kaye (University of Bristol)+ 4 AuthorsKazumasa Wakamatsu62
Estimated H-index: 62
(RMIT University)
The soft tissues of many fossil vertebrates preserve evidence of melanosomes—micron-scale organelles that inform on integumentary coloration and communication strategies. In extant vertebrates, however, melanosomes also occur in internal tissues. Hence, fossil melanosomes may not derive solely from the integument and its appendages. Here, by analyzing extant and fossil frogs, we show that non-integumentary melanosomes have high fossilization potential, vastly outnumber those from the skin, and p...
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