A bizarre Jurassic maniraptoran from China with elongate ribbon-like feathers

Published on Oct 23, 2008in Nature 41.58
· DOI :10.1038/nature07447
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Xing Xu39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsCorwin Sullivan20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
This paper presents another chapter in the earliest history of birds, with the discovery of a feathered dinosaur from the Mid to Late Jurassic of China. Living a little earlier than the famous fossil bird Archaeopteryx, the newly discovered creature is birdlike in many ways including the presence of four very long tail feathers, but otherwise no sign of flight feathers of the kind seen in birdlike dinosaurs such as Microraptor.
  • References (24)
  • Citations (136)
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References24
Published on Feb 1, 2006in Acta Geologica Sinica-english Edition 2.51
Ren Dong12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Capital Normal University)
Lacustrine deposits exposed at Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China, have yielded superbly preserved vertebrate fossils. The fossil beds were first misinterpreted as of Early Cretaceous age, based on alleged occurrences of key fossils of the Jehol Biota. Compelling evidence revealed by more rigorous research involving regional biostratigraphy, radiometric dating, and paleontology supports the Middle Jurassic age of the fossil beds. Despite the awesome evidence for the Middle Jurassic age of the Daohu...
112 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 8, 2000in Science 41.06
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
A fossil enantiornithine bird, Protopteryx fengningensis gen. et sp. nov., was collected from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation of Northern China. it provides fossil evidence of a triosseal canal in early birds. The manus and the alular digit are long, as in Archaeopteryx and Confuciusornis, but are relatively short in other enantiornithines. The alula or bastard wing is attached to an unreduced alular digit. The two central tail feathers are scalelike without branching. This type of feather...
181 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2003in Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 1.32
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Two new, nearly completely articulated skeletons of Sapeornis chaoyangensis provide much new information about the anatomy of this basal avian, particularly in the skull, pectoral girdle, forelimb, and hind limb. This new material shows that the hand of Sapeornis, with a phalangeal formula of "2–3–2," was more derived than previously reconstructed. The skeleton of Sapeornis has several unique features, such as a distinctively elongated fenestra on the proximal end of the humerus, a robust furcul...
116 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2006in Geological Journal 1.65
Xu Xing1
Estimated H-index: 1
(American Museum of Natural History),
Mark A. Norell53
Estimated H-index: 53
(American Museum of Natural History)
Over the past 10 years, numerous dinosaur specimens covering several major dinosaurian clades have been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of western Liaoning. Among ornithischians from the Jehol Group, ornithopod fossils shed new light on the evolution of this largest ornithischian group; ankylosaurian discoveries add morphological diversity relevant to the highly specialized ankylosaurian body-plan and ceratopsian occurrences offer a chance to study patterns of morphological chang...
60 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2002in Nature 41.58
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
The lacustrine deposits of the Yixian and Jiufotang Formations in the Early Cretaceous Jehol Group in the western Liaoning area of northeast China are well known for preserving feathered dinosaurs, primitive birds and mammals(1-3). Here we report a large basal bird, Jeholornis prima gen. et sp. nov., from the Jiufotang Formation. This bird is distinctively different from other known birds of the Early Cretaceous period in retaining a long skeletal tail with unexpected elongated prezygopophyses a...
169 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2005in Nature 41.58
James I. Kirkland17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Münster),
Lindsay E. Zanno14
Estimated H-index: 14
(American Museum of Natural History)
+ 2 AuthorsDonald D. DeBlieux4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Utah Geological Survey)
The discovery of a well preserved fossil of an early therizinosauroid dinosaur in a Utah quarry marks the first North American record of what is largely an Asian group, predating the formation of the Alaskan land bridge. This raises new questions about the origins of these dinosaurs as well as indicating a faunal exchange between Asia and North America via Europe in the Early Cretaceous. In addition various primitive features of this fossil suggest a pattern by which herbivory could have develop...
72 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 1999in Chinese Science Bulletin
Lianhai Hou8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Peiji Chen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Recently, a very small and complete bird specimen was collected from the Confuciu-sorn/s-bearing Yixian Formation. This finding represents a new kind of Mesozoic bird, named Liaoxiornis delicatus. It is characterized by a short skull with teeth, a long neck and a very small sternum with only posterior process; the humeral head is not internally curved, and the hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs. Liaoxiornis delicatus is not only much smaller than Confuciusornis, but also smaller than Cathay...
35 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2007in Acta Geologica Sinica-english Edition 2.51
Zheng Xiaoting1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Zhang Zihui2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Capital Normal University),
Hou Lianhai4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
:Paraprotopteryx gracilis, a new enantiornithine bird from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Fengning, northern Hebei Province is erected, based on the following characters: Y-shaped furcula with a long hypocleidum and a much narrow interclavicular angle, and the morphology of the sternum are different from other enantiornithines. Additionally, alular digit bearing the biggest manual claw extends distally to the distal end of the major metacarpal; the minor metacarpal is slender than the ...
31 Citations Source Cite
Fucheng Zhang31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Michael J. Benton59
Estimated H-index: 59
(University of Bristol)
Confuciusornithids, lived from 120–125 million years ago, form a basal bird group and include the oldest birds with horny beaks. Here we describe Eoconfuciusornis zhengi, gen. et sp. nov. from the Early Cretaceous Dabeigou Formatio (131 Ma) in Fengning, Hebei Province, northern China. It represents a new and, more primitive than other known, member of this group and extends the lifespan of this family to 11 Ma, the longest of any known Early Cretaceous avian lineages. Furthermore, Eoconfuciusorn...
54 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2002in The Quarterly Review of Biology 2.32
Richard O. Prum44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Kansas),
Alan H. Brush18
Estimated H-index: 18
ABSTRACT Progress on the evolutionary origin and diversification of feathers has been hampered by conceptual problems and by the lack of plesiomorphic feather fossils. Recently, both of these limitations have been overcome by the proposal of the developmental theory of the origin of feathers, and the discovery of primitive feather fossils on nonavian theropod dinosaurs. The conceptual problems of previous theories of the origin of feathers are reviewed, and the alternative developmental theory i...
193 Citations Source Cite
  • References (24)
  • Citations (136)
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Cited By136
Published on Jan 1, 2008in Nature China
Felix Cheung F1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Dec 1, 2008in The Bulletin of zoological nomenclature
Daisy Wowor8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Peter K. L. Ng32
Estimated H-index: 32
Abstract. The purpose of this application, under Article 75.6 of the Code, is to conserve the usage of the specific name of Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) for a commercially important giant freshwater prawn from Southeast Asia by designating a neotype. Recent taxonomic reappraisals show that the two subspecies of this prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii rosenbergii (De Man, 1879) and M. rosenbergii dacqueti (Sunier, 1925) are in fact distinct species. The usage of the name M. rosenbergii ...
6 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2010in Journal of Evolutionary Biology 2.54
Philip J Senter5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Fayetteville State University)
It is important to demonstrate evolutionary principles in such a way that they cannot be countered by creation science. One such way is to use creation science itself to demonstrate evolutionary principles. Some creation scientists use classic multidimensional scaling (CMDS) to quantify and visualize morphological gaps or continuity between taxa, accepting gaps as evidence of independent creation and accepting continuity as evidence of genetic relatedness. Here, I apply CMDS to a phylogenetic an...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2015in Evolution 3.82
Walter S. Persons2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Alberta),
Philip J. Currie45
Estimated H-index: 45
(University of Alberta)
Over the course of the last two decades, the understanding of the early evolution of feathers in nonavian dinosaurs has been revolutionized. It is now recognized that early feathers had a simple form comparable in general structure to the hairs of mammals. Insight into the prevalence of simple feathers throughout the dinosaur family tree has gradually arisen in tandem with the growing evidence for endothermic dinosaur metabolisms. This has led to the generally accepted opinion that the early fea...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2013in Evolution 3.82
T. Alexander Dececchi8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of South Dakota),
Hans C. E. Larsson22
Estimated H-index: 22
(McGill University)
The origin of birds and powered flight is a classic major evolutionary transition. Research on their origin often focuses on the evolution of the wing with trends of forelimb elongation traced back through many nonavian maniraptoran dinosaurs. We present evidence that the relative forelimb elongation within avian antecedents is primarily due to allometry and is instead driven by a reduction in body size. Once body size is factored out, there is no trend of increasing forelimb length until the or...
33 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Palaeoworld 1.09
Wei Huang2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Chunlin Sun5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 3 AuthorsTao Li4
Estimated H-index: 4
Abstract The Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation, distributed in the Daohugou area, Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia, China, is famous for yielding abundant, well-preserved fossil vertebrates and invertebrates. However, only a few fossil plants have been reported to date. In this paper, one new species of Czekanowskiales, Phoenicopsis ( Windwardia ) daohugouensis n. sp. is described based upon leaf morphology and epidermal characters. The new species represents the first record of Czekanowskia...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2014in Biological Journal of The Linnean Society 2.53
Ulysse Lefèvre4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Liège),
Dongyu Hu3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Shenyang Normal University)
+ 2 AuthorsPascal Godefroit18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences)
A new basal Avialae, Jeholornis curvipes sp. nov., from the Yixian Formation (Lower Cretaceous) of Liaoning Province (north-eastern China) is described. A revision of long-tailed birds from China and a phylogenetic analysis of basal Avialae suggest that Jeholornithiformes were paraphyletic, with Jixiangornis orientalis being the sister-taxon of pygostylia. The phylogenetic analysis also recovered that the tail reduction is a unique event in the evolution of birds. Jeholornis species were cursori...
12 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2012in Lethaia 2.22
David W. E. Hone19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Darren Naish20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Portsmouth),
Innes C. Cuthill1
Estimated H-index: 1
Hone, D.W.E., Naish, D. & Cuthill, I.C. 2011: Does mutual sexual selection explain the evolution of head crests in pterosaurs and dinosaurs? Lethaia, Vol. 45, pp. 139–156. Cranial ornamentation is widespread throughout the extinct non-avialian Ornithodira, being present throughout Pterosauria, Ornithischia and Saurischia. Ornaments take many forms, and can be composed of at least a dozen different skull bones, indicating multiple origins. Many of these crests serve no clear survival function and...
61 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2010in Nature 41.58
Xing Xu39
Estimated H-index: 39
,
Xiaoting Zheng14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Hai-Lu You17
Estimated H-index: 17
Study of two specimens of the feathered dinosaur Similicaudipteryx shows that the morphology of dinosaur feathers changed dramatically as the animals matured. Moreover, the morphology of feathers in dinosaurs was much more varied than one would expect from looking at feathers in modern birds.
89 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 14, 2011in PLOS ONE 2.77
Alexander Mudroch2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Ute Richter2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsAbdoulaye Maga8
Estimated H-index: 8
Competing Interests: Volkswagen Financial Services, a provider of money for buyers of cars of Volkswagen AG in Germany, are funders of non-profit social, cultural, and charity projects. As part of this engagement a certain amount of money was donated for the project in Niger. The scientific research was part of a greater project in Niger involving the Germany, Niger, and the NGO Cargo (Touareg Aid) where German partners built a nomad school and delivered food to nourish the nomad children (mainl...
16 Citations Source Cite