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A bizarre Jurassic maniraptoran from China with elongate ribbon-like feathers

Published on Oct 1, 2008in Nature43.07
· DOI :10.1038/nature07447
Fucheng Zhang32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
ZHOUZhonghe47
Estimated H-index: 47
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsCorwin Sullivan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract
This paper presents another chapter in the earliest history of birds, with the discovery of a feathered dinosaur from the Mid to Late Jurassic of China. Living a little earlier than the famous fossil bird Archaeopteryx, the newly discovered creature is birdlike in many ways including the presence of four very long tail feathers, but otherwise no sign of flight feathers of the kind seen in birdlike dinosaurs such as Microraptor.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (147)
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References25
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#1LiuYongqingH-Index: 7
#2Liu Yongqing (Capital Normal University)H-Index: 5
Last. Zhang Hong (CGS: China Geological Survey)H-Index: 1
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LA-ICPMS Zircon U-Pb dating is applied to volcanic rocks overlying and underlying the Salamander-bearing bed in the Daohugou beds of Ningcheng in Inner Mongola and Reshuichang of Lingyuan and Mazhangzi of Jianping in western Liaoning. The results indicate that the youngest age of the rocks in Daohugou of Ningcheng is 158 Ma, and the oldest one is 164 Ma. Synthesized researches indicate that the salamander-bearing beds in Daohugou of Ningcheng, Reshuichang of Lingyuan and Mazhangzi of Jianping we...
29 CitationsSource
#1Fucheng Zhang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 32
#2ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
Last. Michael J. Benton (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 68
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Confuciusornithids, lived from 120–125 million years ago, form a basal bird group and include the oldest birds with horny beaks. Here we describe Eoconfuciusornis zhengi, gen. et sp. nov. from the Early Cretaceous Dabeigou Formatio (131 Ma) in Fengning, Hebei Province, northern China. It represents a new and, more primitive than other known, member of this group and extends the lifespan of this family to 11 Ma, the longest of any known Early Cretaceous avian lineages. Furthermore, Eoconfuciusorn...
56 CitationsSource
#1Zheng XiaotingH-Index: 1
#2Zhang Zihui (Capital Normal University)H-Index: 2
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:Paraprotopteryx gracilis, a new enantiornithine bird from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation in Fengning, northern Hebei Province is erected, based on the following characters: Y-shaped furcula with a long hypocleidum and a much narrow interclavicular angle, and the morphology of the sternum are different from other enantiornithines. Additionally, alular digit bearing the biggest manual claw extends distally to the distal end of the major metacarpal; the minor metacarpal is slender than the ...
32 CitationsSource
#1Alan H. Turner (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 25
#2Diego Pol (CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)H-Index: 36
Last. Mark A. Norell (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 60
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Fossil evidence for changes in dinosaurs near the lineage leading to birds and the origin of flight has been sparse. A dinosaur from Mongolia represents the basal divergence within Dromaeosauridae. The taxon's small body size and phylogenetic position imply that extreme miniaturization was ancestral for Paraves (the clade including Avialae, Troodontidae, and Dromaeosauridae), phylogenetically earlier than where flight evolution is strongly inferred. In contrast to the sustained small body sizes ...
228 CitationsSource
#1Xu Xing (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 1
#2Mark A. Norell (AMNH: American Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 60
Over the past 10 years, numerous dinosaur specimens covering several major dinosaurian clades have been recovered from the Lower Cretaceous Jehol Group of western Liaoning. Among ornithischians from the Jehol Group, ornithopod fossils shed new light on the evolution of this largest ornithischian group; ankylosaurian discoveries add morphological diversity relevant to the highly specialized ankylosaurian body-plan and ceratopsian occurrences offer a chance to study patterns of morphological chang...
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#1Chen Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 19
#2Zhang Yuandong (张元动) (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
Last. Fan Junxuan (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 11
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Based on the global graptolite genera and higher rank taxa, we propose three radiation stages through the Ordovician. The isograptid type of development is present within anisograptids predominating in the Tremadocian. Thus, the evolutionary radiation of the Anisograptid fauna from Tremadocian is proposed as the beginning of the Ordovician graptolite radiation. The second graptolite radiation event is the radiation of the Dichograptid fauna, which began from the T. fruticosus Biozone. The third ...
37 CitationsSource
#1Xing Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 44
A fossil dinosaur that 'nests' with feathered relations in the dinosaur phylogenetic tree did not, it seems, have feathers. The discovery will encourage a re-evaluation of feather evolution.
10 CitationsSource
#1Gao Ke (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 3
#2Ren Dong (Capital Normal University)H-Index: 8
Lacustrine deposits exposed at Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China, have yielded superbly preserved vertebrate fossils. The fossil beds were first misinterpreted as of Early Cretaceous age, based on alleged occurrences of key fossils of the Jehol Biota. Compelling evidence revealed by more rigorous research involving regional biostratigraphy, radiometric dating, and paleontology supports the Middle Jurassic age of the fossil beds. Despite the awesome evidence for the Middle Jurassic age of the Daohu...
115 CitationsSource
#1Gao Ke (Capital Normal University)H-Index: 3
Lacustrine deposits exposed at Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China, have yielded superbly preserved vertebrate fossils. The fossil beds were first misinterpreted as of Early Cretaceous age, based on alleged occurrences of key fossils of the Jehol Biota. Compelling evidence revealed by more rigorous research involving regional biostratigraphy, radiometric dating, and paleontology supports the Middle Jurassic age of the fossil beds. Despite the awesome evidence for the Middle Jurassic age of the Daohu...
59 Citations
#1Peter J. MakovickyH-Index: 33
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Sickle-clawed predatory dinosaurs, known as dromaeosaurids, are close relatives of birds. Until a decade ago, members of this group such as Velociraptor were known only from northern continents, but a few fragmentary specimens have been found in the Southern Hemisphere in recent years. The cover shows a life reconstruction of Buitreraptor gonzalezorum, a newly discovered dromaeosaurid from La Buitrera in Patagonia, which is known from a nearly complete specimen. It is geologically oldest of the ...
171 CitationsSource
Cited By147
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#2Sofia M. SinitsaH-Index: 2
Last. Danielle DhouaillyH-Index: 25
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Recent studies on the origin of feathers have been stimulated by discoveries of feather-like structures in various nonavian theropod dinosaurs from Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous deposits in northeastern China. Filamentous integumentary structures are also known in two ornithischian dinosaurs from China, but whether these filaments form part of the evolutionary lineage of feathers has been controversial. Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus, a basal neornithischian dinosaur from the Jurassic of Siberi...
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#1Ulysse LefèvreH-Index: 5
#2Andrea CauH-Index: 15
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#1Xing Xu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
The discovery of Sinosauropteryx in 1996 marks the beginning of a new era in the research on the origin and early evolution of feathers. Subsequent discoveries of dinosaur fossils preserving feathers and feather-like integumentary appendages from both the Jurassic and Cretaceous deposits of China and other countries demonstrate a longer and more complex evolutionary history of feathers before the origin of birds than was previously thought. Currently, there are still many issues that continue to...
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#1Oliver W. M. Rauhut (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 28
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Research in the late 1900s has established that birds are theropod dinosaurs, with the discovery of feather preservation in non-avian theropods being the last decisive evidence for the dinosaur origin of this group. Partially due to the great interest in the origin of birds, more phylogenetic analyses of non-avian theropod dinosaurs have probably been published than any other group of fossil vertebrates. Despite a lot of uncertainty in the exact placement of many taxa and even some major clades,...
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We describe three-dimensionally preserved feathers in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber that share macro-morphological similarities (e.g., proportionally wide rachis with a “medial stripe”) with lithic, two-dimensionally preserved rachis-dominated feathers, first recognized in the Jehol Biota. These feathers in amber reveal a unique ventrally concave and dorsoventrally thin rachis, and a dorsal groove (sometimes pigmented) that we identify as the “medial stripe” visible in many rachis-dominated rectr...
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The Early Cretaceous basal birds were known largely from just two-dimensionally preserved specimens from north-eastern China (Jehol Biota), which has hindered our understanding of the early evolution of birds. Here, we present a three-dimensionally-preserved skeleton (FPDM-V-9769) of a basal bird from the Early Cretaceous of Fukui, central Japan. Unique features in the pygostyle and humerus allow the assignment of FPDM-V-9769 to a new taxon, Fukuipteryx prima. FPDM-V-9769 exhibits a set of featu...
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