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Fucheng Zhang
Chinese Academy of Sciences
CretaceousPaleontologyJiufotang FormationEnantiornithesBiology
51Publications
32H-index
3,266Citations
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#1Jimin Yu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 27
#2Laurie Menviel (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 25
Last. Andrew P. Roberts (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 61
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During the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM; ~20,000 years ago), the global ocean sequestered a large amount of carbon lost from the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere. Suppressed CO2 outgassing from the Southern Ocean is the prevailing explanation for this carbon sequestration. By contrast, the North Atlantic Ocean—a major conduit for atmospheric CO2 transport to the ocean interior via the overturning circulation—has received much less attention. Here we demonstrate that North Atlantic carbon pump e...
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#1Maria E. McNamara (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 14
#2Fucheng Zhang (LYU: Linyi University)H-Index: 32
Last. ZHOUZhongheH-Index: 47
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Feathers are remarkable evolutionary innovations that are associated with complex adaptations of the skin in modern birds. Fossilised feathers in non-avian dinosaurs and basal birds provide insights into feather evolution, but how associated integumentary adaptations evolved is unclear. Here we report the discovery of fossil skin, preserved with remarkable nanoscale fidelity, in three non-avian maniraptoran dinosaurs and a basal bird from the Cretaceous Jehol biota (China). The skin comprises pa...
5 CitationsSource
#1Xing XuH-Index: 44
#2Xiaoting ZhengH-Index: 15
Last. Yanhong PanH-Index: 13
view all 10 authors...
A recently discovered fossil belonging to the Scansoriopterygidae, a group of bizarre dinosaurs closely related to birds, represents a new scansoriopterygid species and preserves evidence of a membranous aerodynamic surface very different from a classic avian wing.
62 CitationsSource
#1Corwin SullivanH-Index: 22
#2Yuan WangH-Index: 23
Last. Fucheng ZhangH-Index: 32
view all 6 authors...
ABSTRACT The Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of northeastern China has become famous over the last two decades as a source of feathered avialan and non-avialan theropods, preserved alongside an array of other fossil vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants. Still more recently, a rich assemblage referred to in this paper as the Daohugou Biota has begun to emerge from Jurassic strata in the same region. Like their counterparts from the Jehol Biota, Daohugou Biota vertebrate specimens are typically pre...
73 CitationsSource
#1David W. E. HoneH-Index: 23
#2Helmut TischlingerH-Index: 9
Last. Fucheng ZhangH-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
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The crop is characteristic of seed-eating birds today, yet little is known about its early history despite remarkable discoveries of many Mesozoic seed-eating birds in the past decade. Here we report the discovery of some early fossil evidence for the presence of a crop in birds. Two Early Cretaceous birds, the basal ornithurine Hongshanornis and a basal avian Sapeornis, demonstrate that an essentially modern avian digestive system formed early in avian evolution. The discovery of a crop in two ...
50 CitationsSource
A careful reappraisal of the only known specimen of the poorly understood fossil enantiornithine bird Boluochia zhengi reveals numerous morphological similarities that suggest this taxon is closely related to the well-known Longipteryx chaoyangensis, and so is assignable to the most diverse recognized clade of Early Cretaceous enantiornithines, the Longipterygidae. This new study of the holotype of B. zhengi reveals new longipterygid synapomorphies and expands our knowledge of the temporal and g...
20 CitationsSource
#1Xiaoting ZhengH-Index: 15
#2Xing XuH-Index: 44
Last. Fucheng ZhangH-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
Nudds and Dyke (Reports, 14 May 2010, p. 887) compared the rachis diameters of the primary feathers of Archaeopteryx and Confuciusornis to those of modern birds and found that the primary feathers of these two basal birds were too weak to support sustained flight. Our measurements of Confuciusornis specimens suggest that their conclusions need to be further evaluated.
7 CitationsSource
#1Corwin Sullivan (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 22
#2David W. E. HoneH-Index: 23
Last. Fucheng Zhang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
In extant birds, the hand is permanently abducted towards the ulna, and the wrist joint can bend extensively in this direction to fold the wing when not in use. Anatomically, this asymmetric mobility of the wrist results from the wedge-like shape of one carpal bone, the radiale, and from the well-developed convexity of the trochlea at the proximal end of the carpometacarpus. Among the theropod precursors of birds, a strongly convex trochlea is characteristic of Coelurosauria, a clade including t...
31 CitationsSource
#1Dongsheng LiH-Index: 1
#2Corwin SullivanH-Index: 22
Last. Fucheng ZhangH-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
8 CitationsSource
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