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The questionable promise of social media for education: connective learning and the commercial imperative

Published on Jun 1, 2012in Journal of Computer Assisted Learning2.45
· DOI :10.1111/j.1365-2729.2011.00426.x
Norm Friesen16
Estimated H-index: 16
(TRU: Thompson Rivers University),
S. Lowe2
Estimated H-index: 2
(TRU: Thompson Rivers University)
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Abstract
Facebook and other social media have been hailed as delivering the promise of new, socially engaged educational experiences for students in undergraduate, self-directed, and other educational sectors. A theoretical and historical analysis of these media in the light of earlier media transformations, however, helps to situate and qualify this promise. Specifically, the analysis of dominant social media presented here questions whether social media platforms satisfy a crucial component of learning – fostering the capacity for debate and disagreement. By using the analytical frame of media theorist Raymond Williams, with its emphasis on the influence of advertising in the content and form of television, we weigh the conditions of dominant social networking sites as constraints for debate and therefore learning. Accordingly, we propose an update to Williams' erudite work that is in keeping with our findings. Williams' critique focuses on the structural characteristics of sequence, rhythm, and flow of television as a cultural form. Our critique proposes the terms information design, architecture, and above all algorithm, as structural characteristics that similarly apply to the related but contemporary cultural form of social networking services. Illustrating the ongoing salience of media theory and history for research in e-learning, the article updates Williams' work while leveraging it in a critical discussion of the suitability of commercial social media for education.
  • References (14)
  • Citations (90)
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References14
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2010
Michelle R. Davis1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Apr 9, 2010
Andrew Feenberg30
Estimated H-index: 30
The technologies, markets, and administrations of today's knowledge society are in crisis. We face recurring disasters in every domain: climate change, energy shortages, economic meltdown. The system is broken, despite everything the technocrats claim to know about science, technology, and economics. These problems are exacerbated by the fact that today powerful technologies have unforeseen effects that disrupt everyday life; the new masters of technology are not restrained by the lessons of exp...
Published on Jan 1, 2010
Stephen Downes13
Estimated H-index: 13
(National Research Council)
The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the thinking behind new e-learning technology, including e-portfolios and personal learning environments. Part of this thinking is centered around the theory of connectivism, which asserts that knowledge and therefore the learning of knowledge is distributive, that is, not located in any given place (and therefore not 'transferred' or 'transacted' per se) but rather consists of the network of connections formed from experience and interactions with...
Norm Friesen16
Estimated H-index: 16
(TRU: Thompson Rivers University)
In an attempt to understand the potential of OER for change and sustainability, this paper presents the results of an informal survey of active and inactive collections of online educational resources, emphasizing data related to collection longevity and the project attributes associated with it. Through an analysis of the results of this survey, in combination with other surveys of OER stakeholders and projects, the paper comes to an initial conclusion: Despite differences in priorities and emp...
Published on Jun 19, 2009in Campus-wide Information Systems
Alec Couros3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Regina)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the design and implementation of an open access, graduate education course where openness, connectivism, and social learning are guiding principles. The described experience aims to offer insight into developing courses that respond to changes in the manner in which individuals learn, connect, and form knowledge.Design/methodology/approach – The course implements Web 2.0 and open source software within the learning environment. Pedagogical proce...
Published on Jun 1, 2009in Knowledge, Technology & Policy
Guobin Yang19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Columbia University)
Raymond Williams’ work on television as a cultural form offers a theoretical basis for overcoming technological determinism in the study of the Internet. The Internet in China exerts social and political influences through the cultural forms it enables and then only when these forms respond to the human condition. Chinese Internet culture consists of new cultural forms that emerge out of the interactions between Internet and society and that are the products of both cultural tradition and innova...
Published on Mar 2, 2009
Caroline Lego Muñoz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Fairleigh Dickinson University),
Terri L. Towner9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Oakland University)
Published on Sep 27, 2008in First Monday
Norm Friesen16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Janet Hopkins1
Estimated H-index: 1
Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia, has challenged the way that reference works are used and understood, and even the way that the collective enterprise of knowledge construction and circulation is itself conceptualized. The article presents an ethnographic study of Wikiversity, an educationally-oriented sister project to Wikipedia. It begins by providing an overview of the orientations and aims of Wikiversity, which seeks to provide for participants both open educational contents and an op...
Published on Mar 23, 2003
Martin Lister3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Jon Dovey2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsKieran Kelly2
Estimated H-index: 2
List of Illustrations. List of Case Studies. Authors' Biographies. Preface to the Second Edition Introduction The Book's Purpose. Our Approach to the Subject. The Book's Historical Dimension. The Book's Emphasis on Wider Questions of Culture and Technology. The Book's Organisation. How to Use the Book. The Book's Parts Part 1: New Media and New Technologies 1.1 New Media: Do we Know What They Are? 1.2 The Characteristics of New Media: Some Defining Concepts 1.3 Change and Continuity 1.4 What Kin...
Published on Jan 1, 2002in Information, Communication & Society4.12
Des Freedman14
Estimated H-index: 14
Raymond Williams was a prolific cultural commentator and historian and his writing on communications technology provides a particularly relevant framework for understanding contemporary information-society innovations. Williams sought to distinguish questions of technique and technical invention from their realization in the fundamentally social organization of technologies themselves and emphasized the importance of agency and intention in structuring the uses to which technologies are put. Far...
Cited By90
Newest
Published on Nov 15, 2018in Higher Education3.00
Weiwei Yan1
Estimated H-index: 1
(WHU: Wuhan University),
Yin Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KSU: Kent State University)
Academic social networking sites are important communication tools commonly used by scholars. In order to obtain an understanding of how scholars at US higher education institutions utilize these sites, this study took ResearchGate (RG) as an example and collected data from 168,059 users from 61 US higher education institutions at three research activity levels as defined by the Carnegie Classification. A hierarchical cluster analysis was conducted, and four clusters of institutions with differe...
Published on Feb 25, 2019in Education and Information Technologies
Adrienne M. F. Peters (MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland), Adrienne M. F. Peters1
Estimated H-index: 1
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
+ 0 AuthorsJane Costello3
Estimated H-index: 3
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
Social media’s reach has extended into our personal, professional, and educational lives. Related to the latter, research has examined how technologies, such as Twitter, can be used as communication and evaluation tools in postsecondary settings. No known studies have considered students’ experiences using Twitter in different course delivery formats (e.g., on campus compared to online courses), yet this can inform instructor decision-making on whether Twitter can be more effectively incorporate...
Puvaneswary Murugaiah5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Universiti Sains Malaysia),
Siew Hwa Yen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Universiti Sains Malaysia)
Published on Jun 25, 2019in Journal of The Knowledge Economy
Roopesh Kevin Sungkur2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UoM: University of Mauritius),
Olivier Sébastien4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of La Réunion),
Upasana Gitanjali Singh
Information technology has deeply modified the way people access and produce educational contents. Social media, more particularly, have enabled new possibilities by making it easy to create and share text, image, and video, possibly from a mobile equipment such as a Smartphone. Younger generation is especially fond of these new services. This paper thus aims at proposing a new approach to take advantage of this worldwide phenomenon for educational purpose. The idea is to rely on Social Media to...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in New Media & Society4.80
George Veletsianos6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Royal Roads University),
Shandell Houlden1
Estimated H-index: 1
(McMaster University)
+ 1 AuthorsChandell Gosse1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Although scholars increasingly use online platforms for public, digital, and networked scholarship, the research examining their experiences of harassment and abuse online is scant. In this study, we interviewed 14 women scholars who experienced online harassment in order to understand how they coped with this phenomenon. We found that scholars engaged in reactive, anticipatory, preventive, and proactive coping strategies. In particular, scholars engaged in strategies aimed at self-protection an...
Luís Pedro5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Aveiro),
Cláudia Barbosa1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Aveiro),
Carlos Santos7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Aveiro)
The use of digital technology in the learning process and teaching practices in formal teaching is highly dependent on the ability of teachers of introducing it without jeopardizing the richness of the classroom environment, namely the attention that students need to follow the flow of argumentation and to guarantee the quality of the inquiring. Although several studies value the importance of technologies in our media-enriched world and the "learn anytime and anywhere" motto associated with mob...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Smart Learning Environments
Penelope Lister (University of Malta)
This paper takes the form of a discussion relating to a smarter knowledge commons, having come about due to implications arising from research into the development of a pragmatic pedagogical ‘guide to learning’ for smart learning environments. The paper does not discuss any research findings (which have not yet been established), but rather is about attempting to discover through examination of early adopter use cases the underlying challenge for smart learning design in relation to the delivery...
Published on Nov 1, 2018in Teaching and Teacher Education2.41
Joelle Nagle1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Abstract Multiliteracies and new literacies pedagogies advocate for expanded ideas of literacy, which focus heavily on the use of digital technologies within the classroom. Yet there is little discussion within the discipline regarding the ethical implications of using social media in teacher education. This is of particular concern given the potential for online spaces to be unsafe. In particular, the social media site Twitter, used and promoted by many educators to collaborate within professio...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Ocean & Coastal Management2.60
Yinglin Wu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(STU: Shantou University),
Ling Xie1
Estimated H-index: 1
(STU: Shantou University)
+ 3 AuthorsWenhua Liu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(STU: Shantou University)
Abstract While heightening public awareness through social media can enhance wildlife conservation and management efforts, the influence of media content and quality in relation to these efforts is poorly understood. In this study, online news and related public comments on the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin ( Sousa chinensis ), one of China's flagship species, was collected and evaluated to determine the performance of media news releases in strengthening public awareness. Media releases on the ...