A Longitudinal Test of the Job Demands‐Resources Model among Australian University Academics

Published on Jan 1, 2011in Applied Psychology 2.49
· DOI :10.1111/j.1464-0597.2010.00429.x
Carolyn M. Boyd9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of South Australia),
Arnold B. Bakker93
Estimated H-index: 93
(Erasmus University Rotterdam)
+ 3 AuthorsCon Stough47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Swinburne University of Technology)
A longitudinal test of the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model of work stress and engagement (Bakker & Demerouti, 2007; Demerouti et al., 2001) was conducted in a sample of Australian university academics (N= 296). The aim was to extend the JD-R model by (1) determining how well job demands (work pressure, academic workload) and job resources (procedural fairness, job autonomy) would predict psychological strain and organisational commitment over a three-year period, and (2) incorporating longitudinal tests of reversed causation. The results of SEM analyses showed that Time 1 resources directly predicted Time 2 strain and organisational commitment, but that Time 1 demands predicted Time 2 strain only indirectly via job resources. We did not find evidence for reversed causation. We discuss possible mediators of the relationships between working conditions and work stress outcomes, and the practical implications of the results. © 2010 The Authors. Applied Psychology: An International Review © 2010 International Association of Applied Psychology
  • References (77)
  • Citations (91)
Published on Jan 1, 1983
Barbara G. Tabachnick22
Estimated H-index: 22
Linda S. Fidell9
Estimated H-index: 9
In this Section: 1. Brief Table of Contents 2. Full Table of Contents 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 A Guide to Statistical Techniques: Using the Book Chapter 3 Review of Univariate and Bivariate Statistics Chapter 4 Cleaning Up Your Act: Screening Data Prior to Analysis Chapter 5 Multiple Regression Chapter 6 Analysis of Covariance Chapter 7 Multivariate Analysis of Variance and Covariance Chapter 8 Profile Analysis: The Multivariate Approach to Repeated Measures Ch...
41k Citations
Published on Jun 1, 1999in Research in Higher Education 1.79
Suzanne H. Lease15
Estimated H-index: 15
The presence of work-related stress and strainis viewed as a serious concern for faculty, particularlynewer and female faculty. The present study examineddifferences in levels of occupational stress and personal strain experienced by new andexperienced female and male faculty. Factors affectingthe stress-strain relationship were also examined. Therewere no significant differences on measures of stress or strain between male and femalefaculty or between new and more experienced facultymembers. Ro...
88 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 14, 2009
Cary L. Cooper81
Estimated H-index: 81
Ronald J. Burke58
Estimated H-index: 58
Forewords: Peak performing organizations relish change, William F. Weitzel, Designing and nurturing peak performing organizations, Gene Deszca, Preface: Achieving peak performance: Healthy individuals and healthy organizations, Ronald J. Burke, Part I Introduction, 1. The peak performing organization: An overview, Ronald J. Burke and Lisa Fiksenbaum, Part II Organizational Processes, 2. Work motivation and performance management prescriptions, Gary P. Latham, Rebecca L. Greenbaum and Mary Bardes...
75 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2007in American Journal of Preventive Medicine 4.13
Marianna Virtanen59
Estimated H-index: 59
(Finnish Institute of Occupational Health),
Jussi Vahtera83
Estimated H-index: 83
(Finnish Institute of Occupational Health)
+ 3 AuthorsMarko Elovainio65
Estimated H-index: 65
Background Work stress is a recognized risk factor for mental health disorders, but it is not known whether work stress is associated with the morbidity among individuals with psychologic distress. Another shortcoming in earlier research is related to common method bias—the use of individual perceptions of both work stress and psychologic distress. This prospective study was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), which identified psychologic distress as a predictor of sickness...
101 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 3, 2007in Journal of Managerial Psychology 1.55
Caroline Aubé14
Estimated H-index: 14
(HEC Montréal),
Vincent Rousseau14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Université de Montréal),
Estelle M. Morin11
Estimated H-index: 11
(HEC Montréal)
Purpose – The aim of this article is to deepen the understanding of the relationships between perceived organizational support (POS) and the dimensions of organizational commitment (i.e. affective, normative and continuance commitment), and to test the moderating effect of locus of control and work autonomy.Design/methodology/approach – This study, based on a cross‐sectional research design, was conducted in an organizational setting. The sample includes 249 prison employees. The data were colle...
151 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1998in Social Indicators Research 1.65
Raymond Massé6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Laval University),
Carole Poulin4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Laval University)
+ 3 AuthorsAlex Battaglini3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Laval University)
This paper addresses the question of whether psychological distress and subjective well-being are the opposite poles of the same axis of mental health or independent constructs that should be measured on two independent axes. The measures used in this study originate from a preliminary ethnosemantic study and the content analysis of narratives of psychological distress and well-being episodes experienced by a random sample of francophone Quebecers (Canada). Two scales were produced: a Psychologi...
123 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2004in Work & Stress 3.14
Annet H. de Lange23
Estimated H-index: 23
(VU University Amsterdam),
Toon W. Taris57
Estimated H-index: 57
+ 2 AuthorsP.M. Bongers24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Vanderbilt University Medical Center)
This longitudinal study examined the causal relationships between job demands, job control and supervisor support on the one hand and mental health on the other. Whereas we assumed that work characteristics affect mental health, we also examined reversed causal relationships (mental health influences work characteristics). Further, the topic of the appropriate time lag for testing causal relationships was addressed. Our hypotheses were tested in a 4-wave study among a heterogeneous sample of 668...
383 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2001in Work & Stress 3.14
Nichole Gillespie2
Estimated H-index: 2
M. Walsh1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsCon Stough47
Estimated H-index: 47
In recent years, the Australian university sector has undergone large-scale organizational change, including restructuring, downsizing and government funding cuts. At the same time, research from across the globe reports an alarming increase in the occupational stress experienced by university staff. We report on the first phase of a longitudinal investigation of occupational stress. A total of 22 focus groups were conducted with a representative sample of 178 academic and general staff from 15 ...
348 Citations Source Cite
Yochi Cohen-Charash8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of California, Berkeley),
Paul E. Spector78
Estimated H-index: 78
(University of South Florida)
Abstract The correlates of distributive, procedural, and interactional justice were examined using 190 studies samples, totaling 64,757 participants. We found the distinction between the three justice types to be merited. While organizational practices and outcomes were related to the three justice types, demographic characteristics of the perceiver were, in large part, unrelated to perceived justice. Job performance and counterproductive work behaviors, considered to be outcomes of perceived ju...
1,953 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2004in European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 3.55
Davina J. French18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Western Australia),
Robert J. Tait27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Western Australia)
■ Abstract The General Health Questionnaire-12 [8] (GHQ-12) has been extensively validated with adults, but its validity with young adolescents is questionable. Further, the dimensionality of the survey remains in doubt. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to compare five competing models for the GHQ-12 using an adult sample (n = 235). The best model was then applied to a young adolescent dataset (n = 236, aged 11-15): all fit indices were adequate or good (i. e. Comparative Fit Index 0.97). M...
89 Citations Source Cite
  • References (77)
  • Citations (91)
Cited By91
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Educational Studies 0.63
Irina Davydova (National Research University – Higher School of Economics), Yana Kozmina1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Research University – Higher School of Economics)
Irina Davydova - Intern Researcher, International Laboratory for Institutional Analysis of Economic Reforms, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation. E-mail: idavydova@hse.ruYana Kozmina - Junior Research Fellow, Center of Leadership Development in Education, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation. E-mail: ikozmina@hse.ruAddress: 20 Myasnitskaya str., 101000, Moscow, Russian Federation.Data of Changing Academic Professi...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Gedrag & Organisatie 0.30
Wilmar B. Schaufeli98
Estimated H-index: 98
(Utrecht University),
Toon W. Taris57
Estimated H-index: 57
Het Job Demands-Resources model (JD-R model) is een veelgebruikt model om de relaties tussen werkkenmerken en werkuitkomsten te bestuderen. Het model veronderstelt dat hoge werkeisen (job demands) leiden tot stressreacties en ongezondheid (het uitputtingsproces), terwijl het beschikken over veel energiebronnen (job resources) leidt tot hogere motivatie en productiviteit (het motivationele proces). In deze studie bespreken we eerst de veronderstellingen van het model, alsmede de belangrijkste bev...
18 Citations
Luo Lu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(National Taiwan University),
Hui Yen Lin1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Taiwan University)
+ 1 AuthorsOi Ling Siu35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Lingnan University)
Purpose – The moderating roles of personal resources in the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model are relatively rarely examined, especially in non-western countries. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the moderating effect of a personal resource (i.e. intrinsic work value orientation) on the relationships between job demands, job resources, and job satisfaction among a large sample of Chinese employees from both mainland China and Taiwan. Design/methodology/approach – Structured questionn...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 9, 2013in Career Development International 1.73
Jos Akkermans9
Estimated H-index: 9
Veerle Brenninkmeijer14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 2 AuthorsWilmar B. Schaufeli98
Estimated H-index: 98
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify job characteristics that determine young employees' wellbeing, health, and performance, and to compare educational groups. Design/methodology/approach: Using the job demands-resources (JD-R) model and 2-wave longitudinal data (n=1,284), the paper compares employees with a lower educational level with employees with a high educational level. Findings: Young employees with lower educational level reported fewer job resources (autonomy and social su...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 4, 2014in Career Development International 1.73
M. van den Tooren2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tilburg University),
J.P. de Jong1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Open University in the Netherlands)
Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate whether the main propositions of the job demands-resources (JDR) model are moderated by type of contract (i.e. temporary contract vs permanent contract). Design/methodology/approach – Survey data were collected in a large, heterogeneous sample from different countries, sectors, and jobs (n=3,845). Hypotheses were tested by means of multilevel analyses. Findings – Results showed moderate support for the main effects of job demands (job insecurity ...
8 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2015in Stress and Health 1.66
Rui Pedro Ângelo3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Lisbon),
Maria José Chambel14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Lisbon)
The paradigm of this study is positive occupational psychology, with the job demands-resources model as the research model and the Conservation of Resources theory as the general stress theory. The research design analyses the job demands-resources model's dynamic nature with normal and reversed causation effects between work characteristics and psychological well-being among Portuguese firefighters. In addition, we analyse a positive (engagement) dimension and a negative (burnout) dimension in ...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Applied Psychology 2.49
Tejinder K. Billing5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Rowan University),
Rabi S. Bhagat24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Memphis)
+ 9 AuthorsCatherine T. Kwantes10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Windsor)
The moderating role of decision latitude on the relationship between work–family conflict and psychological strain was examined across five countries. It was hypothesised that decision latitude would moderate the relationship more strongly in the individualistic countries (the United States and Canada) than in the collectivistic countries (India, Indonesia, and South Korea). The results supported the hypotheses of this five-country-based cross-national investigation. The implications of the find...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Accident Analysis & Prevention 2.58
Feng Li13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Li Jiang4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Soochow University (Taiwan))
+ 1 AuthorsYongjuan Li11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Chinese Academy of Sciences)
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model in explaining the relationship of job demands and resources with safety outcomes (i.e., workplace injuries and near-misses). We collected self-reported data from 670 crude oil production workers from three subcompanies of a major oilfield company in China. The results of a structural equation analysis indicated that job demands (psychological and physical demands) and job resources (decision latitude,...
50 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2013in Journal of Business and Psychology 2.58
Liu-Qin Yang14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Portland State University),
Russell E. Johnson34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Michigan State University)
+ 2 AuthorsShiyong Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Renmin University of China)
Purpose Following the job demands–resources model, this study investigated the role of self-identity, or how employees define themselves in relation to others, in the relations between interpersonal unfairness and counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Self-identity, an important self-regulatory and resource-related variable, was proposed to moderate the unfairness–CWB relations.
16 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2014in Nurse Education Today 2.07
Christine Howard1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Queensland University of Technology),
Amanda Fox3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Queensland University of Technology),
Fiona Coyer17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Queensland University of Technology)
Summary Background Managing large student cohorts can be a challenge for university academics, coordinating these units. Bachelor of Nursing programmes have the added challenge of managing multiple groups of students and clinical facilitators whilst completing clinical placement. Clear, time efficient and effective communication between coordinating academics and clinical facilitators is needed to ensure consistency between student and teaching groups and prompt management of emerging issues. Me...
2 Citations Source Cite