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Trait Predictors of Aggression and Crash‐Related Behaviors Across Drivers from the United Kingdom and the Irish Republic

Published on Sep 1, 2015in Risk Analysis2.564
· DOI :10.1111/risa.12379
Amanda N. Stephens17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Monash University),
Mark J.M. Sullman22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Cranfield University)
Abstract
Aggressive driving is acknowledged as a contributor to motor vehicle crashes. This study explored a theoretical model of aggressive expression and crash-related outcomes using self-report data collected, using an online questionnaire, from drivers in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. The proposed model tested whether the personality traits of boredom proneness, sensation seeking, and impulsivity, coupled with trait driving anger, predicted aggressive driving; and whether aggressive driving predicted crash-related outcomes (loss of concentration and control, near misses, and moving violations). The structural model was confirmed, with aggressive expressions of anger being found to mediate the relationships driving anger and impulsivity had with the crash-related outcomes. Multigroup invariance analysis showed that the model remained invariant across drivers from the United Kingdom and Ireland, suggesting that the contributing factors for aggressive expression and crash involvement are similar across both countries. When self-reported crash-related conditions were compared between drivers in the United Kingdom and Ireland, drivers in the United Kingdom reported more aggressive driving, more minor crashes, more incidents of road rage, and more frequent losses of concentration and vehicle control. Language: en
  • References (55)
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References55
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#1Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
This research used the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) to investigate the expression of driving anger amongst a sample of New Zealand drivers. Confirmatory Factor Analysis found that the data fitted a three factor solution, which consisted of: Verbal Aggressive Expression; Use of a Vehicle to express anger, and an Adaptive/Constructive factor. The Personal Physical Aggressive Expression factor was not supported in the present sample. However, in line with previous findings, the present ...
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#1Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
#2Amanda N. Stephens (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 17
Last. Michelle Yong (University of Hertfordshire)H-Index: 2
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The present study examined the types of situations that cause Malaysian drivers to become angry. The 33-item version of the driver anger scale (Deffenbacher et al., 1994) was used to investigate driver anger amongst a sample of 339 drivers. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the fit of the original six-factor model (discourtesy, traffic obstructions, hostile gestures, slow driving, illegal driving and police presence), after removing one item and allowing three error pairs to covary, was s...
41 CitationsSource
#1Amanda N. Stephens (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 17
#2Keis Ohtsuka (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 11
Anger has been shown to be a motivating factor in aggression and it is widely accepted that driving anger may lead to aggressive driving. However, the link between anger and aggressive driving is likely to be mediated by drivers’ pre-existing cognitive biases and the subsequent situational evaluations made. This study investigated the extent to which optimism bias, illusion of control beliefs and driver anger predict self-reported hostile driving behaviours. A total of 220 licensed drivers (106 ...
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#1Fay GravesH-Index: 1
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#1Ernst RoidlH-Index: 3
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#1Mark J.M. Sullman (Cranfield University)H-Index: 22
#2Amanda N. Stephens (VU: Victoria University, Australia)H-Index: 17
Abstract The present study investigated the factor structures of the 14-item version of the DAS (Driving Anger Scale) and the Propensity for Angry Driving Scale (PADS) using a sample of New Zealand drivers drawn from the general population. The two scales were also investigated with regards to their relationships with general trait anger, risky driving behaviour, along with crash involvement and a variety of crash-related conditions. Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported both scales as unidimen...
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Last. Duygu Kuzu (IUE: İzmir University of Economics)H-Index: 1
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The present study tested the four factor structure of the DAX on a sample of Turkish taxi drivers and the relationship these factors had with a number of other variables. Confirmatory Factor Analysis found that the data broadly fit the four factor solution of the DAX. These factors included three aggressive expressions: Verbal Aggressive Expression; Personal Physical Aggressive Expression; Use of a Vehicle to Express anger, and one Adaptive/Constructive factor. Driving experience was negatively ...
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Using data from three different samples and more than 1000 participants, the current study examines differences in dangerous driving in terms of age, gender, professional driving, as well as the relationship of dangerous driving with behavioral indicators (mileage) and criteria (traffic offenses). The study uses an adapted (Romanian) version of the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI, Dula and Ballard, 2003) and also reports data on the psychometric characteristics of this measure. Findings sugge...
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#2Steven Trawley (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 13
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Previous research has suggested that angry drivers may respond differently to potential hazards. This study replicates and extends these findings. Under simulated driving conditions, two groups of drivers experienced conditions that would either increase angry mood (N = 12; men = 6) or not (control group, N = 12; men = 6). All drivers then performed a neutral drive, during which they encountered a number of traffic events not experienced in the initial drive. These included vehicles emerging fro...
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Abstract This paper presents the results of a national survey of drivers in the Republic of Ireland that sought to examine psychological predictors of specific driving behaviours. 1638 respondents attending National Car Testing (NCT) centres nationwide completed a questionnaire battery that included personality, attitudinal, locus of control and social influence measures. The driving behaviours examined were drawn from a Driving Behaviour Scale ( Iversen, 2004 ) and included Speeding and Rule Vi...
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Abstract It is well established that angry and, subsequently, aggressive drivers pose a problem for road safety. Over recent years, there has been an increase in the number of published studies examining driver anger, particularly using the Driving Anger Scale (DAS). The DAS measures six broad types of situations likely to provoke anger while driving (i.e., police presence, illegal driving, discourtesy, traffic obstructions, slower drivers, and hostile gestures). The majority of the recent studi...
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