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Intervention Strategies to Elicit MVPA in Preschoolers during Outdoor Play

Published on Jan 19, 2020in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health2.468
路 DOI :10.3390/ijerph17020650
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Abstract
Approximately 50% of preschoolers do not meet physical activity recommendations and children who reside in low-income rural communities may be further at risk for higher levels of sedentary behavior. Outdoor play is essential for preschool children; however, literature is unclear as to which types of interventions elicit moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for all preschoolers. The aim of this study was to determine which type of intervention, physical activity or fundamental motor skill focus, elicits MVPA during outdoor play. Ninety-eight preschool children (M age = 4.48 years) from one Head Start center participated in an outdoor play intervention two days per week for 7 weeks. Classes were randomly assigned to one of four groups: fundamental motor skill focus (FMS), physical activity focus (PA), FMS and PA (FMS + PA), and control. An accelerometer worn on the hip measured MVPA. Results showed that age, sex and group assignment contributed to MVPA at the beginning of the intervention and age, sex, group assignment and MVPA during the beginning of the intervention contributed to MVPA at the end of the intervention. Overall, the FMS + PA group elicited MVPA from males and females of all ages. Interventions that combine both FMS and PA may reduce physical activity disparities in preschool children.
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References36
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Teachers are considered important role models for the behavior of children during early childhood. The purposes of this study are to: (a) compare activity levels of preschool children in a structured physical education (PE) class taught by an active or less active teacher; (b) examine the interaction effect of gender, school size, and teacher activity levels on the activity levels of children. The participants were 248 preschool children (134 boys, 114 girls; mean age = 5.5 years) and teachers f...
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#1Jerraco L. Johnson (AU: Auburn University)
#2Mary E. Rudisill (AU: Auburn University)H-Index: 19
Last. Monaye Merritt (AU: Auburn University)H-Index: 1
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ABSTRACTPurpose: Children who do not learn their fundamental motor skills (FMS) are more likely to be unskilled, sedentary adults. By consequence, it behooves those teaching physical education to p...
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#1Ali Brian (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 7
#2Adam Pennell (Pepperdine University)
Last. David F. Stodden (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 23
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Background and Objectives Developmental delay in motor competence may limit a child鈥檚 ability to successfully participate in structured and informal learning/social opportunities that are critical to holistic development. Current motor competence levels in the USA are relatively unknown. The purposes of this study were to explore motor competence levels of US children aged 3鈥6 years, report percentages of children demonstrating developmental delay, and investigate both within and across childcar...
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#2Katherine M. Chinn (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 2
Last. Leah E. Robinson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 19
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Abstract Purpose Physical activity (PA) and fundamental motor skills are important components of current and future trajectories of health in young children. This study examined the effects of a 5-week motor skill intervention on preschoolers鈥 motor skill competence and their PA behaviors while participating in the motor skills intervention or outdoor free-play (recess). Methods A total of 102 preschoolers served as participants and were part of a motor skill intervention group ( n =鈥64) or a co...
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#1Ada Kristine Ofrim Nilsen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Sigmund A. Anderssen (Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)H-Index: 48
Last. Eivind AadlandH-Index: 12
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Abstract The preschool environment exerts an important influence on children's behaviour, including physical activity (PA). However, information is lacking regarding where and when most of children's PA is undertaken. This study aimed to describe PA and sedentary time (SED) during preschool hours and time out-of-care, and on weekdays and weekend days, and to investigate differences in PA patterns according to sex, age, and MVPA levels. From September 2015 to June 2016, we measured PA levels of 1...
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#1Jill A. Hnatiuk (Deakin University)H-Index: 9
#2Helen Cosis-Brown (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 12
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#1Katrina L. Piercy (HHS: United States Department of Health and Human Services)H-Index: 3
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#1Juliana Kain B (University of Chile)H-Index: 24
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After categorizing preschool children into 鈥渁ctive and low active鈥 according to their moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in PE classes (PE), we compared these two groups within each sex and by sex in: (a) % MVPA and MVPA minutes accrued from each fundamental motor skill (FMS) during PE and (b) % MVPA during school time. 532 children (mean age 5.2聽years, 50% girls) were selected from a nationwide program which provides 3聽weekly PE. Children wore accelerometers during one school day wh...
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#1Devin S. Nelson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
#2Julia M. Gerras (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
Last. Rebecca E. Hasson (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 11
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Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between environmental factors, including household education, community violence exposure, racial discrimination, and cultural identity, and BMI in African American adolescents. Methods: A community-based sample of 198 African American youth (120 girls, 78 boys; ages 11鈥19 years) from Washtenaw County, Michigan, were included in this analysis. Violence exposure was assessed by using the Survey of Children's Exposure t...
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#1Danielle D. Wadsworth (AU: Auburn University)H-Index: 8
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ABSTRACTPurpose: This study sought to determine how children鈥檚 participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children鈥檚 free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. Method: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program delivered 2聽days a week for 20聽weeks during a period of 8聽months. All children were fitted with an Actigraph GT3...
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