Match!

Altered fluvial patterns in North China indicate rapid climate change linked to the Permian-Triassic mass extinction.

Published on Nov 14, 2019in Scientific Reports4.011
· DOI :10.1038/S41598-019-53321-Z
Zhicai Zhu2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Yongqing Liu7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 8 AuthorsQingguo zhai1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract
The causes of the severest crisis in the history of life around the Permian-Triassic boundary (PTB) remain controversial. Here we report that the latest Permian alluvial plains in Shanxi, North China, went through a rapid transition from meandering rivers to braided rivers and aeolian systems. Soil carbonate carbon isotope (δ13C), oxygen isotope (δ18O), and geochemical signatures of weathering intensity reveal a consistent pattern of deteriorating environments (cool, arid, and anoxic conditions) and climate fluctuations across the PTB. The synchronous ecological collapse is confirmed by a dramatic reduction or disappearance of dominant plants, tetrapods and invertebrates and a bloom of microbially-induced sedimentary structures. A similar rapid switch in fluvial style is seen worldwide (e.g. Karoo Basin, Russia, Australia) in terrestrial boundary sequences, all of which may be considered against a background of global marine regression. The synchronous global expansion of alluvial fans and high-energy braided streams is a response to abrupt climate change associated with aridity, hypoxia, acid rain, and mass wasting. Where neighbouring uplands were not uplifting or basins subsiding, alluvial fans are absent, but in these areas the climate change is evidenced by the disruption of pedogenesis.
  • References (99)
  • Citations (2)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
72 Citations
80 Citations
5 Authors (Shi-Yong Yu, ..., Steven M. Colman)
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References99
Newest
#1Huan Xu (CUTe: China University of Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Yongqing LiuH-Index: 7
Last. Nan PengH-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Eolian systems were widespread in China in the Cretaceous. However, the reports of pre-Cretaceous eolian and its related systems are scarce, which prohibits studying the construction, accumulation and preservation of eolian systems as well as its allogenic and autogenic controlling factors. In this paper, we report on fluvial–eolian successions from the Late Jurassic Tianchihe Formation in the Ningwu–Jingle Basin. These successions represent the oldest reported inland fluvial–eolian sys...
Source
#1Jun Shen (Yale University)H-Index: 54
#2Jiubin Chen (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
Last. Noah J. Planavsky (Yale University)H-Index: 42
view all 9 authors...
The latest Permian mass extinction, the most devastating biocrisis of the Phanerozoic, has been widely attributed to eruptions of the Siberian Traps Large Igneous Province, although evidence of a direct link has been scant to date. Here, we measure mercury (Hg), assumed to reflect shifts in volcanic activity, across the Permian-Triassic boundary in ten marine sections across the Northern Hemisphere. Hg concentration peaks close to the Permian-Triassic boundary suggest coupling of biotic extincti...
3 CitationsSource
#1Rui Zhou (TUT: Taiyuan University of Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Dongna Liu (TUT: Taiyuan University of Technology)H-Index: 1
Last. Yu Zou (CUMT: China University of Mining and Technology)H-Index: 2
view all 4 authors...
ABSTRACTThis paper reports results from detrital zircon U–Pb geochronology, Hf isotopic geochemistry, sandstone modal analysis, and palaeocurrent analysis of the early Mesozoic strata within the Ningwu basin, China, with the aims of constraining the depositional ages and sedimentary provenances and shedding new light on the Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the northcentral North China Craton (NCC). The zircons from early Mesozoic sandstones are characterized by three major populations: Phanerozoic...
2 CitationsSource
#1Peng-Chuan Li (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 2
#2Zhenghong Liu (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 7
Last. Xu-Hai Yang (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
ABSTRACTNortheast (NE) China is characterized by large areas of Mesozoic and Paleozoic granitoids, whereas Cenozoic granitoids are scarce. This paper reports LA-ICP-MS zircon U–Pb ages and whole-rock geochemical data for late Paleocene–early Eocene granitoids from the Jiamusi Massif, NE China, in order to determine their petrogenesis and tectonic implications. Geochronological data indicate that the granodiorite and dioritic porphyry from the Wudingshan pluton formed at 51.5 ± 0.3 Ma and 56.3 ± ...
3 CitationsSource
#1Hongbin Zhang (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 5
#2Michael L. Griffiths (WPUNJ: William Paterson University)H-Index: 13
Last. Shucheng Xie (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 37
view all 10 authors...
Speleothem oxygen isotope records have revolutionized our understanding of the paleo East Asian monsoon, yet there is fundamental disagreement on what they represent in terms of the hydroclimate changes. We report a multiproxy speleothem record of monsoon evolution during the last deglaciation from the middle Yangtze region, which indicates a wetter central eastern China during North Atlantic cooling episodes, despite the oxygen isotopic record suggesting a weaker monsoon. We show that this appa...
19 CitationsSource
Many mass extinctions of life in the sea and on land have been attributed to geologically rapid heating, and in the case of the PermianTriassic and others, driven by large igneous province volcanis...
5 CitationsSource
#1Tiffany Playter (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 4
#2Hilary Corlett (Alberta Geological Survey)H-Index: 4
Last. John-Paul Zonneveld (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 15
view all 15 authors...
Stratigraphic correlation of fine-grained successions is not always straightforward. Complicating factors such as unconformities, structural complexity, subsidence, and especially minimal grain-size variation, make the application of traditional correlation methods to fine-grained successions problematic. Alternatively, the analysis of detailed geochemical data can allow for the determination of variations in sediment provenance, mineralogy, detrital flux and hydrothermal input. When compared wi...
4 CitationsSource
#1Sylvie Bourquin (University of Rennes)H-Index: 19
#2Camille Rossignol (UFOP: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto)H-Index: 6
Last. Jianxin Yu (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
The Permian–Triassic boundary is located above the main Phanerozoic terrestrial and marine biotic crisis. Southwest China (eastern Yunnan and western Guizhou) is considered as an ideal place in Asia to study the terrestrial Permian–Triassic boundary, its correlation with the stratigraphically equivalent marine deposits, and to discuss the contemporaneity between the marine and terrestrial extinctions. The Chahe and Zhejue sections, which have already been studied in detail, especially using δ13C...
5 CitationsSource
#1Daoliang Chu (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 11
#2Jinnan Tong (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 30
Last. Yunfei Huang (Yangtze University)H-Index: 7
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Correlation between marine and continental Permian-Triassic (P-Tr) strata is crucial for full understanding of the nature of this global extinction event, but it has proved difficult to achieve. Here, we show that two sections in South China and North China record similar mixed continental-marine biota in the post-extinction stratigraphic interval, including conchostracans, plants, insects, marine bivalves and lingulid brachiopods. In addition, the continental P-Tr mass extinction was r...
6 CitationsSource
#1De-Bin Yang (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 18
#2Hao-Tian Yang (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 2
Last. Feng Wang (JLU: Jilin University)H-Index: 22
view all 5 authors...
Abstract With the aim of constraining the influence of the surrounding plates on the Late Paleozoic–Mesozoic paleogeographic and tectonic evolution of the southern North China Craton (NCC), we undertook new U–Pb and Hf isotope data for detrital zircons obtained from ten samples of upper Paleozoic to Mesozoic sediments in the Luoyang Basin and Dengfeng area. Samples of upper Paleozoic to Mesozoic strata were obtained from the Taiyuan, Xiashihezi, Shangshihezi, Shiqianfeng, Ermaying, Shangyoufangz...
8 CitationsSource
Cited By2
Newest
#1Xiumian HuH-Index: 28
#2Juan LiH-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
Source
#1Paul B. Wignall (University of Leeds)H-Index: 60
#2Daoliang Chu (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 11
Last. Jinnan Tong (China University of Geosciences)H-Index: 30
view all 8 authors...
Abstract The Permo-Triassic marine mass extinction has been blamed on a range of culprits including anoxia, acidification, high temperature and increased sedimentation and nutrient influx, the last two being a direct consequence of terrestrial biomass die-off and climatic changes. In marine settings, the role of these kill mechanisms is likely to be depth-dependent with siltation and high temperatures potentially the most consequential in shallowest waters. These ideas have been investigated in ...
2 CitationsSource