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Long‐term efficacy and safety of sonidegib in patients with advanced basal cell carcinoma: 42‐month analysis of the phase II randomized, double‐blind BOLT study

Published on Dec 8, 2019in British Journal of Dermatology6.714
· DOI :10.1111/bjd.18552
Reinhard Dummer98
Estimated H-index: 98
(UZH: University of Zurich),
A. Guminksi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 14 AuthorsMichael R. Migden14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)
Abstract
  • References (20)
  • Citations (1)
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1 Author (David J. Leffell)
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References20
Newest
#1John T. Lear (MAHSC: Manchester Academic Health Science Centre)H-Index: 30
#2Michael R. Migden (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)H-Index: 14
Last. Reinhard Dummer (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 98
view all 20 authors...
Background Patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (laBCC) or metastatic BCC (mBCC), two difficult-to-treat populations, have had limited treatment options. Sonidegib, a hedgehog pathway inhibitor (HPI), was approved in laBCC based on results from the BOLT trial. Objective To evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of sonidegib in laBCC and mBCC in the BOLT 18- and 30-month analyses. Methods BOLT (NCT01327053, ClinicalTrials.gov), a double-blind phase 2 study, enrolled patients from J...
23 CitationsSource
#1Christian L. Baum (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 13
#2Jeremy S. Bordeaux (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
Last. Phillip Rodgers (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 1
view all 29 authors...
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of human cancer, with a continually increasing annual incidence in the United States. When diagnosed early, the majority of BCCs are readily treated with office-based therapy, which is highly curative. In these evidence-based guidelines of care, we provide recommendations for the management of patients with BCC, as well as an in-depth review of the best available literature in support of these recommendations. We discuss biopsy techniques for a ...
27 CitationsSource
#1Yoshinori AbeH-Index: 4
#2Nobuyuki TanakaH-Index: 12
The epidermis is the outermost layer of the skin and provides a protective barrier against environmental insults. It is a rapidly-renewing tissue undergoing constant regeneration, maintained by several types of stem cells. The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway is one of the fundamental signaling pathways that contributes to epidermal development, homeostasis, and repair, as well as to hair follicle development and follicle bulge stem cell maintenance. The HH pathway interacts with other signal tra...
9 CitationsSource
#2Axel Heinemann (CAU: University of Kiel)H-Index: 67
Last. Johan Hansson (Karolinska University Hospital)H-Index: 58
view all 21 authors...
Abstract Background The SafeTy Events in VIsmodEgib study (STEVIE, ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01367665 ), assessed safety and efficacy of vismodegib—a first-in-class Hedgehog pathway inhibitor demonstrating clinical benefit in advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC)—in a patient population representative of clinical practice. Primary analysis data are presented. Patients and methods Patients with locally advanced or metastatic BCC received oral vismodegib 150 mg/d until progressive disease, unacceptable...
41 CitationsSource
#1Aleksandar D Sekulic (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 23
#2Michael R. Migden (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)H-Index: 14
Last. Axel HeinemannH-Index: 67
view all 17 authors...
In the primary analysis of the ERIVANCE BCC trial, vismodegib, the first US Food and Drug Administration–approved Hedgehog pathway inhibitor, showed objective response rates (ORRs) by independent review facility (IRF) of 30% and 43% in metastatic basal cell carcinoma (mBCC) and locally advanced BCC (laBCC), respectively. ORRs by investigator review were 45% (mBCC) and 60% (laBCC). Herein, we present long-term safety and final investigator-assessed efficacy results in patients with mBCC or laBCC....
71 CitationsSource
#1Denise Casey (CDER: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research)H-Index: 2
#2Suzanne Demko (CDER: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research)H-Index: 1
Last. Richard Pazdur (CDER: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research)H-Index: 75
view all 10 authors...
On July 24, 2015, the FDA approved sonidegib (ODOMZO; Novartis) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (laBCC) not amenable to curative surgery or radiotherapy. The approval was based on data from one randomized, double-blind, noncomparative trial of two doses of sonidegib administered to 230 hedgehog inhibitor–naive patients with metastatic basal cell carcinoma (mBCC, n = 36) or laBCC (n = 194). Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive sonidegib 800 mg (n = 151)...
18 CitationsSource
#1Brigitte Dréno (University of Nantes)H-Index: 34
#2Rainer Kunstfeld (Medical University of Vienna)H-Index: 12
Last. Dirk SchadendorfH-Index: 95
view all 13 authors...
Summary Background Vismodegib, a first-in-class Hedgehog-pathway inhibitor, is approved for use in adults with advanced basal-cell carcinoma. Patients with multiple basal-cell carcinomas, including those with basal-cell nevus (Gorlin) syndrome, need extended treatment. We assessed the safety and activity of two long-term intermittent vismodegib dosing regimens in patients with multiple basal-cell carcinomas. Methods In this randomised, regimen-controlled, double-blind, phase 2 trial, we enrolled...
35 CitationsSource
The tongue is an elaborate complex of heterogeneous tissues with taste organs of diverse embryonic origins. The lingual taste organs are papillae, composed of an epithelium that includes specialized taste buds, the basal lamina, and a lamina propria core with matrix molecules, fibroblasts, nerves, and vessels. Because taste organs are dynamic in cell biology and sensory function, homeostasis requires tight regulation in specific compartments or niches. Recently, the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway has eme...
7 CitationsSource
#1Reinhard Dummer (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 98
#2Alexander Guminski (RNSH: Royal North Shore Hospital)H-Index: 25
Last. Michael R. Migden (University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center)H-Index: 14
view all 23 authors...
Background The hedgehog pathway inhibitor sonidegib demonstrated meaningful tumor shrinkage in more than 90% of patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or metastatic BCC in the BCC Outcomes with LDE225 Treatment study. Objective This report provides long-term follow-up data collected up to 12 months after the last patient was randomized. Methods In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind phase II study, patients were randomized 1:2 to sonidegib 200 or 800 mg. The primary end...
52 CitationsSource
#1Jean Michel AmiciH-Index: 1
#2Maxime BattistellaH-Index: 16
Last. Nicole Basset-Seguin (University of Paris)H-Index: 36
view all 19 authors...
Background Rarely, basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) have the potential to become extensively invasive and destructive, a phenomenon that has led to the term “locally advanced BCC” (laBCC). We identified and described the diverse settings that could be considered “locally advanced”.
3 CitationsSource
Cited By1
Newest
#1Dennis Niebel (University Hospital Bonn)
#2Judith Sirokay (University Hospital Bonn)
Last. Jennifer Landsberg (University Hospital Bonn)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
Treatment of choice for nodular basal-cell carcinomas (BCCs) is complete excision, implying that small lesions are of minor concern. Metastasis is very rare (< 1%). However, locally advanced basal-cell carcinomas (laBCCs), which are ineligible for surgery or radiation, are a therapeutic challenge. First-generation Smoothened (SMO) inhibitors (vismodegib, sonidegib) have been approved for treatment, but common side effects limit their use. Numerous new compounds are being investigated in clinical...
Source
#1Alessia Villani (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 4
#2Gabriella Fabbrocini (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 24
Last. Massimiliano Scalvenzi (University of Naples Federico II)H-Index: 20
view all 4 authors...
Hedgehog inhibitors are promising alternative treatments for patients with advanced basal cell carcinomas. Sonidegib (Odomzo((R))), an oral smoothened (SMO) antagonist, is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (laBCC) who present recurrence following surgery or radiation therapy, or those who are not candidates for surgery or radiotherapy. Several studies and randomized controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and ...
1 CitationsSource
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