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A Factor Analysis and Test of Longitudinal Measurement Invariance of the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) Across Adolescence

Published on Jun 18, 2019in Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 1.98
· DOI :10.1007/s10862-019-09746-x
Allison Stumper (TU: Temple University), Thomas M. Olino31
Estimated H-index: 31
(TU: Temple University)
+ 1 AuthorsLauren B. Alloy66
Estimated H-index: 66
(TU: Temple University)
Depression increases dramatically during adolescence. This finding has been demonstrated using multiple measures, including the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI). The CDI is one of the most commonly used measures to assess depression in youth. However, there is little agreement on its factor structure, and it is possible that its factor structure changes over time. Yet, no study to date has investigated whether this structure is longitudinally invariant from early- to mid-adolescence. The present study examined the factor structure of the CDI in a sample of 227 adolescents aged approximately 13 at baseline and 16 at follow-up. The analyses revealed that a one-factor structure was a good fit to the data at each assessment. Moreover, tests of measurement invariance supported configural, metric, and scalar invariance across time. These findings suggest that changes in depressive symptoms during adolescence are due to true developmental changes, rather than changes in measurement properties.
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Published on May 7, 2019in Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 14.10
Kristian E. Markon37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UI: University of Iowa)
Bifactor and other hierarchical models have become central to representing and explaining observations in psychopathology, health, and other areas of clinical science, as well as in the behavioral ...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Clinical psychological science
Wes Bonifay5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MU: University of Missouri),
Sean P. Lane11
Estimated H-index: 11
(MU: University of Missouri),
Steven P. Reise40
Estimated H-index: 40
(UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Psychological Assessment 3.47
Eiko I. Fried20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Claudia D. van Borkulo14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
+ 3 AuthorsDenny Borsboom47
Estimated H-index: 47
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
In depression research, symptoms are routinely assessed via rating scales and added to construct sum-scores. These scores are used as a proxy for depression severity in cross-sectional research, and differences in sum-scores over time are taken to reflect changes in an underlying depression construct. To allow for such interpretations, rating scales must (a) measure a single construct, and (b) measure that construct in the same way across time. These requirements are referred to as unidimensiona...
Published on Jul 1, 2011in Social Indicators Research 1.70
Suzanne Slocum-Gori4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UBC: University of British Columbia),
Bruno D. Zumbo45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
Whenever one uses a composite scale score from item responses, one is tacitly assuming that the scale is dominantly unidimensional. Investigating the unidimensionality of item response data is an essential component of construct validity. Yet, there is no universally accepted technique or set of rules to determine the number of factors to retain when assessing the dimensionality of item response data. Typically factor analysis is used with the eigenvalues-greater-than-one rule, the ratio of firs...
Published on Nov 1, 2010in Spanish Journal of Psychology 0.75
Anna Figueras Masip2
Estimated H-index: 2
Juan Antonio Amador13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Barcelona)
+ 1 AuthorsVictoria del Barrio Gándara1
Estimated H-index: 1
The psychometric characteristics of the Children's Depression Inventory, CDI (Kovacs, 1992) in a sample of 1705 participants (792 boys and 913 girls) and a clinical sample of 102 participants (42 boys and 60 girls) between 10 and 18 years old are presented. Reliability coefficients range, for both samples, from .82 (test) to .84 (retest) in the community sample, and .85 (test, clinical sample); test-retest reliability is .81 in the community sample. The mean scores are similar to other Spanish a...
Published on Apr 1, 2010in Child Development Perspectives 4.43
Keith F. Widaman58
Estimated H-index: 58
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Emilio Ferrer31
Estimated H-index: 31
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Rand D. Conger93
Estimated H-index: 93
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Charting change in behavior as a function of age and investigating longitudinal relations among constructs are primary goals of developmental research. Traditionally, researchers rely on a single measure (e.g., scale score) for a given construct for each person at each occasion of measurement, assuming that measure reflects the same construct at each occasion. With multiple indicators of a latent construct at each time of measurement, the researcher can evaluate whether factorial invariance hold...
Published on Jan 1, 2010in Developmental Psychobiology 1.85
Laurence Steinberg99
Estimated H-index: 99
(TU: Temple University)
It has been hypothesized that reward-seeking and impulsivity develop along different timetables and have different neural underpinnings, and that the difference in their timetables helps account for heightened risk-taking during adolescence. In order to test these propositions, age differences in reward-seeking and impulsivity were examined in a socioeconomically and ethnically diverse sample of 935 individuals between the ages of 10 and 30, using self-report and behavioral measures of each cons...
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