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Coconut oil: what do we really know about it so far?

Published on Apr 22, 2019
· DOI :10.1093/fqsafe/fyz004
Renan da Silva Lima (UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina), Jane Mara Block11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UFSC: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina)
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References72
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Published on Sep 1, 2018in Current Nutrition Reports
Senthilkumar Sankararaman1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Case Western Reserve University),
Thomas J. Sferra22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Case Western Reserve University)
Purpose of Review Sales and consumption of coconut oil have been on the raise due to effective marketing strategies. Coconut oil is stated to offer various benefits including weight loss, improvement in immunity, heart health support, and memory enhancement. Also, it is often portrayed as an excellent source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). Here, we review the evidence behind the clinical utility of coconut oil consumption.
Published on Jun 1, 2018in European Journal of Nutrition 4.45
Flávia Xavier Valente5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UFV: Universidade Federal de Viçosa),
Flávia Galvão Cândido6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UFV: Universidade Federal de Viçosa)
+ 4 AuthorsJosefina Bressan25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UFV: Universidade Federal de Viçosa)
Purpose Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is a medium-chain fatty acid source with popularly attributed benefits on obesity management. However, its role on obesity requires elucidation due to its saturated nature. In the study herein, we investigated acute effects of VCO consumption on energy metabolism, cardiometabolic risk markers, and appetitive responses in women with excess body fat.
Published on May 4, 2018in Journal of Dietary Supplements
Ademola C. Famurewa3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Chima A. Ekeleme-Egedigwe2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsGoodness C. Ezechukwu1
Estimated H-index: 1
ABSTRACTResearch findings that suggest beneficial health effects of dietary supplementation with virgin coconut oil (VCO) are limited in the published literature. This study investigated the in vivo effects of a 5-week VCO-supplemented diet on lipid profile, hepatic antioxidant status, hepatorenal function, and cardiovascular risk indices in normal rats. Rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: 1 control and 2 treatment groups (10% and 15% VCO-supplemented diets) for 5 weeks. Serum and homogena...
Published on Mar 28, 2018in Drugs in context
Constantine E. Kosmas7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Constantine E Kosmas2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 5 AuthorsEliscer Guzman2
Estimated H-index: 2
Several prospective epidemiological studies have shown that there is a clear inverse relationship between serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations and risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), even at low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels below 70 mg/dL. However, more recent evidence from genetic studies and clinical research has come to challenge the long-standing notion that higher HDL-C levels are always beneficial, while lower HDL-C levels are always detrim...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Trends in Food Science and Technology 8.52
Kumar Ganesan4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Hong Kong Baptist University),
Kumeshini Sukalingam3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Hong Kong Baptist University),
Baojun Xu29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Hong Kong Baptist University)
Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the number one leading disease which causes morbidity and mortality worldwide. The improper consumption of dietary vegetable oils is highly linked to the pathogenesis of CVD. The practice of using repeatedly heated oil is common among the populations due to its cost-effectiveness. Consumption of these oils generates free radicals that may cause potentially harmful and detrimental effect on CVS through the accumulation of total cholesterol (TC),...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
Sabitha Palazhy3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Prakash Kamath4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
Dm Vasudevan24
Estimated H-index: 24
Coconut oil has been used by the people of Kerala as a cooking medium for several decades. Due to its alleged hypercholesterolemic activity, general population in recent times is shifting to cooking oils rich in polyunsaturated fats, the most popular being sunflower oil. The effect of long-term consumption of sunflower oil on oxidative stress in humans is not well investigated. We studied oxidative stress among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who were consuming coconut oil or sunflower oi...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in avicenna journal of phytomedicine
Ademola Clement Famurewa2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Fe Ejezie5
Estimated H-index: 5
Objective: Literature has confirmed the pathogenic role of cadmium (Cd) and its exposure in the induction of dyslipidemia implicated in the development and increasing incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The current study explored whether polyphenolics isolated from virgin coconut oil (VCO) prevent Cd-induced dyslipidemia and investigate the underlying mechanism of action, in rats. Materials and Methods: Rats were pretreated with VCO polyphenols (10, 20 and 50 mg/kg body weight; orally) 2 weeks...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Physiology & Behavior 2.63
R. Kinsella1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Oxford Brookes University),
T. Maher1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Oxford Brookes University),
Miriam E. Clegg12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Oxford Brookes University)
It is well established that the consumption of medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) can increase satiety and reduce food intake. Many media articles promote the use of coconut oil for weight loss advocating similar health benefits to that of MCT. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of MCT oil compared to coconut oil and control oil on food intake and satiety. Following an overnight fast, participants consumed a test breakfast smoothie containing 205kcal of either (i) MCT oil (ii) coconut...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 3.11
Miriam E. Clegg12
Estimated H-index: 12
There has in recent years, been much media speculation and consumer interest in the beneficial satiating properties of consuming coconut oil and its potential to aid weight loss. However, the media has primarily cited studies using medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) oil. The current perspective looks at the research that is available on coconut oil. It examines if and how MCT-related research can be applied to coconut oil and if there is potential for coconut oil to aid weight loss. The current re...
Published on Jul 18, 2017in Circulation 23.05
FrankM. Sacks3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Alice H. Lichtenstein79
Estimated H-index: 79
+ 9 AuthorsJennifer G. Robinson57
Estimated H-index: 57
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat i...
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