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Access to a Nutritious Diet in Samoa: Local Insights

Published on May 4, 2019in Ecology of Food and Nutrition 1.14
· DOI :10.1080/03670244.2019.1582528
Penny Farrell3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Anne Marie Thow16
Estimated H-index: 16
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 2 AuthorsJoel Negin21
Estimated H-index: 21
(USYD: University of Sydney)
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Abstract
ABSTRACTThe adult obesity prevalence in Samoa is the third highest globally, and diet is a significant contributor. Our study aimed to explore the behavioral and demographic factors which influence diets in Samoa. The most important findings for strategic policy design were: i) cost was the most important reason for food choice, ii) participants reported high rates of consumption of sugary and fatty energy foods – along with high rates of food insecurity, and iii) the food frequency questionnaire findings from our small sample are in line with the existing evidence that the nutrition transition is underway in Samoa.
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References30
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in Health Promotion International 1.91
Penny Farrell3
Estimated H-index: 3
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Anne Marie Thow16
Estimated H-index: 16
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 2 AuthorsJoel Negin21
Estimated H-index: 21
(USYD: University of Sydney)
Published on Nov 1, 2017in The Lancet 59.10
Victoria Miller2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Population Health Research Institute),
Andrew Mente30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Population Health Research Institute)
+ 352 AuthorsScott A. Lear39
Estimated H-index: 39
(SFU: Simon Fraser University)
Summary Background The association between intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes with cardiovascular disease and deaths has been investigated extensively in Europe, the USA, Japan, and China, but little or no data are available from the Middle East, South America, Africa, or south Asia. Methods We did a prospective cohort study (Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology [PURE] in 135 335 individuals aged 35 to 70 years without cardiovascular disease from 613 communities in 18 low-income, middle-i...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Bulletin of The World Health Organization 6.82
Anne Marie Thow16
Estimated H-index: 16
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Erica Reeve2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Deakin University)
+ 2 AuthorsCaroline Bollars1
Estimated H-index: 1
Turkey tails are a cheap, fatty meat, imported into many developing countries. The Government of Samoa implemented an import ban on turkey tails in 2007 as part of its efforts to reduce noncommunicable diseases in the country. (1) The population of Samoa has some of the highest rates of noncommunicable diseases in the world: in 2013, diabetes prevalence was 20% among adults and obesity prevalence was 53% among men and 77% among women. (2) Dietary change associated with the nutrition transition--...
Published on May 1, 2017in Diabetic Medicine 3.11
Sophia Lin6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Take Naseri4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 5 AuthorsPaul Zimmet108
Estimated H-index: 108
(Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute)
Aims Population surveys of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity conducted in Samoa over three decades have used varying methodologies and definitions. This study standardizes measures, and trends of Type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity for 1978–2013 are projected to 2020 for adults aged 25–64 years. Methods Unit records from eight surveys (n = 12 516) were adjusted to the previous census for Division of residence, sex and age to improve national representativeness. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is de...
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Journal of Nutrition 4.42
Dongqing Wang2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Nicola L. Hawley11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 4 AuthorsAna Baylin37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UM: University of Michigan)
Published on Apr 1, 2017in Public Health Nutrition 2.53
Anne Marie Thow16
Estimated H-index: 16
(USYD: University of Sydney),
Annemarie T. Viljoen4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Pretoria)
+ 4 AuthorsJoel Negin21
Estimated H-index: 21
(USYD: University of Sydney)
Published on Dec 1, 2016in BMC Public Health 2.57
Karen E Charlton45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UOW: University of Wollongong),
Joanna Russell BSc Mph7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UOW: University of Wollongong)
+ 4 AuthorsJohann D. Bell34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UOW: University of Wollongong)
Background Pacific Island countries and territories (PICTs) face a double burden of disease, with a high prevalence of household food insecurity and childhood micronutrient deficiencies, accompanied by a burgeoning increase in adult obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
Published on Jun 1, 2015in The Lancet 59.10
Corinna Hawkes40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Trenton G. Smith8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Otago)
+ 5 AuthorsJuliana Kain B24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Chile)
Summary Prevention of obesity requires policies that work. In this Series paper, we propose a new way to understand how food policies could be made to work more effectively for obesity prevention. Our approach draws on evidence from a range of disciplines (psychology, economics, and public health nutrition) to develop a theory of change to understand how food policies work. We focus on one of the key determinants of obesity: diet. The evidence we review suggests that the interaction between huma...
Published on Mar 1, 2015in Food Quality and Preference 3.68
G. Hough1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. Sosa1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CONICET: National Scientific and Technical Research Council)
Abstract The vast majority of publications on food acceptability and behavior have considered middle- or high-income populations. However, there is research focused on low-income populations which deserves attention considering that many millions worldwide suffer undernutrition and/or food insecurity. The objective of this review is to highlight what the authors considered to be the most relevant research in the area to thus bring attention to this sensitive area which requires further research....