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Subnational politics of the urban age: evidence from Brazil on integrating global climate goals in the municipal agenda

Published on Feb 19, 2019in Palgrave Communications
· DOI :10.1057/s41599-019-0225-x
Laura Valente de Macedo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Pedro Roberto Jacobi13
Estimated H-index: 13
(USP: University of São Paulo)
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Abstract
As nations agreed on a bottom-up approach to establish the Paris Agreement in 2015, Non-state Actors (NSAs) became increasingly acknowledged as key players in the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). In a mostly urbanised world, local governments have a major part to play in designing and implementing climate policies that will help overcome carbon lock-in and enable the transition to a sustainable low-carbon future. Transnational municipal networks (TMNs) have a well-documented history of contributing to multilevel climate governance and supporting experiments in local climate action in many countries. In Brazil, urban climate experimentation has increased since 2005 and accelerated after 2015. Based on empirical evidence from a national survey and two Brazilian metropolises, the study demonstrates that TMNs have been drivers of the municipal climate agenda in Brazil, but there is no evidence so far that urban governance experiments have resulted in significant greenhouse gas emission reductions. Furthermore, the collective impact of cities' experimentation on the national climate agenda is yet to be verified. In light of multilevel climate governance and the urban experimentation conceptual framework, we contend that while there is no documented evidence that local climate action has affected Brazil's ability to meet its mitigation goals, cities' paradiplomacy and policy experiments have strengthened a multilevel approach to climate governance and contributed to positive change towards a sustainable transition. Furthermore, a closer look at policies across scales and their interactions will help our understanding of how to improve t'he institutional framework for climate governance in Brazil and secure GHG emission reductions, thus contributing to global goals beyond 2020.
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References49
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Published on Jul 4, 2018in Environmental Politics3.83
Kaisa Matschoss6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UH: University of Helsinki),
Petteri Repo4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UH: University of Helsinki)
ABSTRACTClimate targets call for novel policy measures to facilitate widespread adoption of low-carbon solutions and innovations. The literature on socio-technical systems argues that experimentation has a prominent role in enabling sustainability transition. Experiments represent ways of testing new ideas and methods across a wide range of policy fields. Governance experiments in particular can support accelerated diffusion of new solutions, because they integrate policy with innovations. Here,...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Policy Sciences2.62
Steven Bernstein22
Estimated H-index: 22
(U of T: University of Toronto),
Matthew J. Hoffmann13
Estimated H-index: 13
(U of T: University of Toronto)
The Paris Agreement of 2015 marks a formal shift in global climate change governance from an international legal regime that distributes state commitments to solve a collective action problem to a catalytic mechanism to promote and facilitate transformative pathways to decarbonization. It does so through a system of nationally determined contributions, monitoring and ratcheting up of commitments, and recognition that the practice of climate governance already involved an array of actors and inst...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Michele Acuto14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UCL: University College London),
Susan Parnell28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UCT: University of Cape Town),
Karen C. Seto43
Estimated H-index: 43
(Yale University)
The study of cities needs to become more than the sum of its parts. An international Expert Panel investigates why, and how.
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Ricardo Pellizo13
Estimated H-index: 13
The purpose of the paper is to show that the nature of the relationship between governance and democracy varies depending on how the two terms (of a political discourse) are defined, that when the definition of one term encompasses distinctive features of the other we find that governance and democracy are not just mutually reinforcing but even overlapping, that only when we distinguish on theoretical ground governance from democracy we create the basis for analyzing their relationship on empiri...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of Cleaner Production6.39
Paula Kivimaa16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Sussex),
Mikael Hildén21
Estimated H-index: 21
(SYKE: Finnish Environment Institute)
+ 2 AuthorsJens Newig27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Lüneburg University)
Experimentation has been proposed as a key way in which governance drives sustainability transitions, notably by creating space for innovative solutions to emerge. In seeking to bring greater coherence to the literatures on climate and sustainability governance experiments, this article reports on a systematic review of articles published between 2009 and 2015. Based on these results a new definition and typology of climate governance experiments is suggested. The typology distinguishes between ...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Public Administration and Development0.92
Thomas Hickmann4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Potsdam),
Harald Fuhr8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Potsdam)
+ 2 AuthorsFee Stehle1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Potsdam)
Published on Oct 21, 2017in Urban Geography3.57
Federico Caprotti15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Exeter),
Robert Cowley6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Exeter)
ABSTRACTThe notion of the “urban experiment” has become increasingly prevalent and popular as a guiding concept and trope used by both scholars and policymakers, as well as by corporate actors with a stake in the future of the city. In this paper, we critically engage with this emerging focus on “urban experiments”, and with its articulation through the associated concepts of “living labs”, “future labs”, “urban labs” and the like. A critical engagement with the notion of urban experimentation i...
Published on Sep 1, 2017
Gabriela Marques Di Giulio6
Estimated H-index: 6
(USP: University of São Paulo),
Ana Maria Bedran-Martins2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USP: University of São Paulo)
+ 1 AuthorsWagner Costa Ribeiro7
Estimated H-index: 7
(USP: University of São Paulo)
In this paper, we discuss results of a study that sought to investigate the experience of the megacity of Sao Paulo related to climate issues. Based on the literature review and empirical study conducted between 2014-2015, we shed light on the role of local power in the process of seeking synergies amongst adaptation, mitigation and development throughout experimentation. We discuss some local actions, which have potential to respond to climate challenges, focusing on the interventions that have...
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