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Palgrave Communications
Papers 549
1 page of 55 pages (549 results)
Published on May 7, 2019in Palgrave Communications
This paper presents a personal perspective–drawing especially on the author’s experience in international development—of the evidence revolution, which has unfolded in fours waves over the last 30 years: (1) the results agenda as part of New Public Management in the 1990s, (2) the rise of impact evaluations, notably randomized controlled trials (RCTs) since the early 2000s, (3) increased production of systematic reviews over the last ten years, and (4) moves to institutionalize the use of eviden...
Published on Feb 13, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Jonathan Bourne (UCL: University College London)
Abstract We combine economics, housing theory and data science to gain a greater understanding of low-use properties in England and Wales. We collect a unique dataset of domestic properties unoccupied by a permanent resident from 112 local authorities via freedom of information requests. The dataset covers 23 million residents and 340,000 low-use properties (3.4% of all properties). We find that the distribution is very skewed, with 5% of the lower super output areas (our smallest geographic uni...
Published on Jan 15, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Matt Offord1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Durham University),
Roger Gill5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Durham University),
Jeremy R. Kendal20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Durham University)
Institutions such as the military aim to respond efficiently to complex logistical challenges using a strictly hierarchical structure, where leaders are assigned a rank by senior colleagues and team members are trained to obey leader commands. Anthropologists have observed that leadership status outside of these top-down hierarchical institutions is often affected by the attribution of prestige by non-leaders. Here we show that even in the strictly hierarchical institutional context of the Royal...
Published on Mar 5, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Alis Oancea10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Oxford)
This paper explores recent public debates around research assessment and its future as part of a dynamic landscape of governance discourses and practices, and organisational, professional and disciplinary cultures. Drawing reflectively on data from RAE 2001, RAE 2008 and REF 2014 (reported elsewhere), the paper highlights how recent debates around research assessment echo longer-term changes in research governance. The following changes, and several critiques of their implications, are discussed...
Published on Jul 9, 2019
Debapriya Mondal15
Estimated H-index: 15
Tasila Mwale + 4 AuthorsDa Polya
In the UK, consumption of rice and rice-based products is on the rise but, notwithstanding public expressed concerns about such products as an exposure route for arsenic (e.g. BBC News report, 2017“Should I worry about arsenic in my rice?”) there are few, if any published data on public perceptions of risks associated with exposure to arsenic in rice. We therefore aimed to determine the risk perception of arsenic exposure from rice intake and factors that are associated with arsenic knowledge an...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Gholamreza Askari1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Semnan University),
Madjid Eshaghi Gordji10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Semnan University),
Choonkil Park28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Hanyang University)
The rational choice theory is based on this idea that people rationally pursue goals for increasing their personal interests. Here, we present a new concept of rational choice as a hyper-rational choice in which the actor thinks about profit or loss of other actors in addition to his personal profit or loss and then will choose an action that is desirable to him. We implement the hyper-rational choice to generalize and expand the game theory. Results of this study will help to model the behavior...
Published on May 7, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Rebekka Kesberg1
Estimated H-index: 1
Stefan Pfattheicher12
Estimated H-index: 12
The implementation of punishment has proven a prominent solution to prevent the breakdown of cooperation in social dilemma situations. In fact, numerous studies show that punishment possibilities are effective in maintaining cooperative behavior. However, punishment is often not efficient in terms (a) of monetary benefits and in light of the fact (b) that punishment of cooperators (i.e., antisocial punishment) can occur. Still, recent research revealed that individuals vote for the implementatio...
Published on Feb 19, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Lorraine Whitmarsh32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Cardiff University),
Dimitrios Xenias9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Cardiff University),
Christopher R. Jones1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Surrey)
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) involves trapping carbon dioxide (CO2) from power generation and heavy industrial processes and directing it into long-term geological storage (e.g., in depleted oil fields or saline aquifers). In doing so, CCS could facilitate global carbon abatement efforts. Yet, it remains controversial with high-profile public opposition to particular CCS developments. For instrumental, normative and substantive reasons, it is increasingly recognised that public acceptance of...
Published on Jan 22, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Tony Freeth (UCL: University College London)
In 1901, an extraordinary ancient Greek artefact was discovered in a shipwreck just off the tiny island of Antikythera. It was later shown to be a complex astronomical calculating machine and is now known as the Antikythera Mechanism. In 2005, it was established that it predicted eclipses, using a 7th century BC Babylonian eclipse cycle of 223 lunar months, known as the Saros Cycle. Understanding the complex eclipse prediction scheme on the Antikythera Mechanism has resulted from a fascinating s...
Published on May 14, 2019in Palgrave Communications
Mon Mon Myat (Payap University)
Western human rights activists saw Myanmar’s prominent leader Aung San Suu Kyi as an embodiment of themselves, for which she was awarded the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize for her non-violent activism. But in the context of the 2017 Rohingya crisis, her international image seemingly changed, from that of Western saint to a demon, because she did not respond to the crisis in the way the Western community expected. Her moral authority was sharply questioned in the international media for her silence on th...