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Lipid-independent control of endothelial and neuronal TRPC3 channels by light.

Published on Feb 27, 2019in Chemical Science9.556
· DOI :10.1039/C8SC05536J
Oleksandra Tiapko5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Medical University of Graz),
Niroj Shrestha5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Medical University of Graz)
+ 11 AuthorsKlaus Groschner39
Estimated H-index: 39
(Medical University of Graz)
Abstract
Lipid-gated TRPC channels are highly expressed in cardiovascular and neuronal tissues. Exerting precise pharmacological control over their activity in native cells is expected to serve as a basis for the development of novel therapies. Here we report on a new photopharmacological tool that enables manipulation of TRPC3 channels by light, in a manner independent of lipid metabolism and with higher temporal precision than lipid photopharmacology. Using the azobenzene photoswitch moiety, we modified GSK1702934A to generate light-controlled TRPC agonists. We obtained one light-sensitive molecule (OptoBI-1) that allows us to exert efficient, light-mediated control over TRPC3 activity and the associated cellular Ca2+ signaling. OptoBI-1 enabled high-precision, temporal control of TRPC3-linked cell functions such as neuronal firing and endothelial Ca2+ transients. With these findings, we introduce a novel photopharmacological strategy to control native TRPC conductances.
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Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) channels TRPC3, TRPC6 and TRPC7 are able to sense the lipid messenger diacylglycerol (DAG). The DAG-sensing and lipid-gating processes in these ion channels are still unknown. To gain insights into the lipid-sensing principle, we generated a DAG photoswitch, OptoDArG, that enabled efficient control of TRPC3 by light. A structure-guided mutagenesis screen of the TRPC3 pore domain unveiled a single glycine residue behind the selectivity filter (G652) t...
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