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Recognizing the quiet extinction of invertebrates

Published on Jan 3, 2019in Nature Communications 12.35
· DOI :10.1038/s41467-018-07916-1
Nico Eisenhauer42
Estimated H-index: 42
(Leipzig University),
Aletta Bonn26
Estimated H-index: 26
(FSU: University of Jena),
Carlos A. Guerra4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
Invertebrates are central to the functioning of ecosystems, yet they are underappreciated and understudied. Recent work has shown that they are suffering from rapid decline. Here we call for a greater focus on invertebrates and make recommendations for future investigation.
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications 12.35
Andreas Schuldt17
Estimated H-index: 17
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg),
Thorsten Assmann23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Lüneburg University)
+ 23 AuthorsPeter Kühn22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Tübingen)
Human-induced biodiversity change impairs ecosystem functions crucial to human well-being. However, the consequences of this change for ecosystem multifunctionality are poorly understood beyond effects of plant species loss, particularly in regions with high biodiversity across trophic levels. Here we adopt a multitrophic perspective to analyze how biodiversity affects multifunctionality in biodiverse subtropical forests. We consider 22 independent measurements of nine ecosystem functions centra...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Nature Communications 12.35
C RischAnita26
Estimated H-index: 26
(WSL: Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research),
R. Ochoa-Hueso1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)
+ 8 AuthorsStephan Zimmermann12
Estimated H-index: 12
(WSL: Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research)
Increasing evidence suggests that community-level responses to human-induced biodiversity loss start with a decrease of interactions among communities and between them and their abiotic environment. The structural and functional consequences of such interaction losses are poorly understood and have rarely been tested in real-world systems. Here, we analysed how 5 years of progressive, size-selective exclusion of large, medium, and small vertebrates and invertebrates—a realistic scenario of human...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Nature Ecology and Evolution
Erin K. Cameron9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UH: University of Helsinki),
Inês Santos Martins5
Estimated H-index: 5
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
+ 21 AuthorsJulia Siebert3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Leipzig University)
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 4.19
Laetitia M. Navarro12
Estimated H-index: 12
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg),
Néstor Fernández3
Estimated H-index: 3
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)
+ 30 AuthorsMark J. Costello36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of Auckland)
The ability to monitor changes in biodiversity, and their societal impact, is critical to conserving species and managing ecosystems. While emerging technologies increase the breadth and reach of data acquisition, monitoring efforts are still spatially and temporally fragmented, and taxonomically biased. Appropriate long-term information remains therefore limited. The Group on Earth Observations Biodiversity Observation Network (GEO BON) aims to provide a general framework for biodiversity monit...
14 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 18, 2017in PLOS ONE 2.77
Caspar A. Hallmann7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Radboud University Nijmegen),
Martin Sorg1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 9 AuthorsThomas Hörren1
Estimated H-index: 1
Global declines in insects have sparked wide interest among scientists, politicians, and the general public. Loss of insect diversity and abundance is expected to provoke cascading effects on food webs and to jeopardize ecosystem services. Our understanding of the extent and underlying causes of this decline is based on the abundance of single species or taxonomic groups only, rather than changes in insect biomass which is more relevant for ecological functioning. Here, we used a standardized pr...
234 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Nature 41.58
Simon G. Potts58
Estimated H-index: 58
Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca32
Estimated H-index: 32
+ 8 AuthorsJosef Settele53
Estimated H-index: 53
Wild and managed pollinators are threatened by pressures such as environmental changes and pesticides, leading to risks for pollinator-dependent crop production, meaning more research and better policies are needed to safeguard pollinators and their services.
155 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2016
C Vanswaay8
Estimated H-index: 8
Strien van A. J9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 4 AuthorsBruce Carlisle3
Estimated H-index: 3
This report presents the sixth version of the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, one of the EU biodiversity indicators of the European Environment Agency. The indicator is based on more than 9200 transects in national Butterfly Monitoring Schemes covering 22 countries across Europe, most of them active in the European Union. In 2015, counts were made in more than 4500 transects. Butterflies represent the largest animal group (insects), highly included in food webs, having a high impact on e...
2 Citations
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Nature 41.58
Santiago Soliveres27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Bern),
Fons van der Plas11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Bern)
+ 55 AuthorsJulia Binkenstein6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Freiburg)
Many experiments have shown that loss of biodiversity reduces the capacity of ecosystems to provide the multiple services on which humans depend. However, experiments necessarily simplify the complexity of natural ecosystems and will normally control for other important drivers of ecosystem functioning, such as the environment or land use. In addition, existing studies typically focus on the diversity of single trophic groups, neglecting the fact that biodiversity loss occurs across many taxa an...
144 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2015in Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15.94
Sebastian T. Meyer23
Estimated H-index: 23
(TUM: Technische Universität München),
Christiane Koch7
Estimated H-index: 7
(TUM: Technische Universität München),
Wolfgang W. Weisser58
Estimated H-index: 58
(TUM: Technische Universität München)
Quantifying ecosystem functioning is important for both fundamental and applied ecological research. However, there is currently a gap between the data available and the data needed to address topical questions, such as the drivers of functioning in different ecosystems under global change or the best management to sustain provisioning of ecosystem functions and services. Here, we identify a set of important functions and propose a Rapid Ecosystem Function Assessment (REFA). The proposed methods...
34 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 25, 2014in Science 41.06
Rodolfo Dirzo51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Stanford University),
Hillary S. Young21
Estimated H-index: 21
(UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)
+ 3 AuthorsBen Collen37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UCL: University College London)
We live amid a global wave of anthropogenically driven biodiversity loss: species and population extirpations and, critically, declines in local species abundance. Particularly, human impacts on animal biodiversity are an under-recognized form of global environmental change. Among terrestrial vertebrates, 322 species have become extinct since 1500, and populations of the remaining species show 25% average decline in abundance. Invertebrate patterns are equally dire: 67% of monitored populations ...
851 Citations Source Cite
Cited By0
Published on Jun 19, 2019in Marine Drugs 4.38
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Published on Apr 1, 2019in Global Ecology and Conservation
Carlos A. Guerra4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg),
L. Pendleton ('IFREMER': IFREMER)+ 16 AuthorsHerman Hummel4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UU: Utrecht University)
Abstract To account for progress towards conservation targets, monitoring systems should capture not only information on biodiversity but also knowledge on the dynamics of ecological processes and the related effects on human well-being. Protected areas represent complex social-ecological systems with strong human-nature interactions. They are able to provide relevant information about how global and local scale drivers (e.g., climate change, land use change) impact biodiversity and ecosystem se...
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