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What is technology? Development and evaluation of a simple instrument for measuring children's conceptions of technology

Published on Jan 22, 2019in International Journal of Science Education1.25
· DOI :10.1080/09500693.2018.1545101
Cathy P. Lachapelle8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Museum of Science),
Christine M. Cunningham13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Museum of Science),
Yoonkyung Oh3
Estimated H-index: 3
(PSU: Pennsylvania State University)
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Abstract
ABSTRACTTechnology is important to all aspects of our lives, so helping students develop an accurate understanding of technology should be an educational goal at the K-12 level. Assessments are important tools in reaching this goal. We developed an instrument to measure the technology conceptions of children ages 8–11, the ‘What is Technology’ (WT) instrument. We gathered evidence for the validity of using the WT instrument to measure children's conceptions of technology, including changes due to an intervention, and we describe those changes. We used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to establish scales, and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with new samples of subjects to confirm our hypothesised model of children's conceptions. For further evidence, we analyzed and coded the written responses children gave to open-ended questions asking them to explain their understanding of technology, then calculated correlations between these codes and the CFA-confirmed scale measures. We found that children tend t...
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