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Narcissistic adolescents' attention-seeking following social rejection: Links with social media disclosure, problematic social media use, and smartphone stress

Published on Mar 1, 2019in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
· DOI :10.1016/j.chb.2018.10.032
Skyler T. Hawk20
Estimated H-index: 20
(CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong),
Regina J. J. M. van den Eijnden27
Estimated H-index: 27
(UU: Utrecht University)
+ 1 AuthorsTom ter Bogt32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UU: Utrecht University)
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Abstract
Abstract In line with a Dynamic Self-Regulatory Processing Model of narcissism (Morf & Rhodewalt, 2001), the present study adopted a motivated self-construction perspective to examine longitudinal associations from adolescent narcissism to youth's social media disclosures, problematic social media use, and smartphone stress, respectively. Adolescents' attention-seeking motives were examined as a mediator of these over-time associations. In line with this model's account of self-image failure, we also expected that narcissistic youth's attention-seeking should increase following experiences of ego threat, such as social rejection. These hypotheses were tested with two waves of self-report data, spaced one year apart, among 307 adolescents aged 12–15 at T1 ( M age  = 12.87, SD  = 0.75). In line with predictions, earlier adolescent narcissism predicted later social media disclosure, problematic use, and smartphone stress, via increased attention-seeking. Furthermore, a significant interaction between narcissism and perceived social rejection at T1 predicted adolescents' outcomes at T2, via attention-seeking; Participants with a combination of higher narcissism and higher rejection at T1 reported higher levels of attention-seeking at T2. These longitudinal results suggest that narcissistic adolescents' attention-seeking on social media, particularly as a way to recover from social rejection, might backfire and ultimately contribute to an ongoing pattern of self-defeating behavior.
  • References (93)
  • Citations (3)
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References93
Newest
Published on Apr 16, 2019in Health Communication1.85
Winneke A. van der Schuur4
Estimated H-index: 4
(EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam),
Susanne E. Baumgartner14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UvA: University of Amsterdam),
Sindy R. Sumter14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
ABSTRACTThere are concerns that social media (SM) use and SM stress may disrupt sleep. However, evidence on both the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships is limited. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to address this gap in the literature by examining the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between SM use, SM stress, and sleep (i.e., sleep latency and daytime sleepiness) in adolescents. In total, 1,441 adolescents 11–15 years, 51% boys) filled out a survey in at least ...
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Child Development5.02
Jean M. Twenge42
Estimated H-index: 42
(SDSU: San Diego State University),
Heejung Park4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Bryn Mawr College)
The social and historical contexts may influence the speed of development. In seven large, nationally representative surveys of U.S. adolescents 1976–2016 (N = 8.44 million, ages 13–19), fewer adolescents in recent years engaged in adult activities such as having sex, dating, drinking alcohol, working for pay, going out without their parents, and driving, suggesting a slow life strategy. Adult activities were less common when median income, life expectancy, college enrollment, and age at first b...
Published on Mar 1, 2018in Journal of Early Adolescence1.75
Jeewon Lee1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Min-Je Sung4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Ajou University)
+ 5 AuthorsYunmi Shin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Ajou University)
The smartphone has many attractive attributes and characteristics that could make it highly addictive, particularly in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of young adolescents in risk of smartphone addiction and the psychological factors associated with smartphone addiction. Four hundred ninety middle school students completed a self-questionnaire measuring levels of smartphone addiction, behavioral and emotional problems, self-esteem, anxiety, and adolescent-par...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Wei Gao2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University),
Zhaopeng Liu2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
+ 1 AuthorsXue Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SJTU: Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Abstract Based on protection motivation theory and information processing theory, this study explores the dark side of ubiquitous connectivity enabled by smartphone-based social network service (SNS). Specifically, two negative consequences of ubiquitous connectivity are proposed, namely, information leakage and information overload. The empirical results suggest that ubiquitous connectivity could increase SNS users’ discontinuous usage intention though raising privacy concern and protection mot...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Social Science Computer Review2.92
Yu-Kang Lee8
Estimated H-index: 8
(NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University),
Chun-Tuan Chang14
Estimated H-index: 14
(NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University)
+ 1 AuthorsYou Lin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NSYSU: National Sun Yat-sen University)
Recent research has suggested that materialism influences consumers’ usage of technological communication devices, especially smartphones. The current study contributes to this evolving research stream by examining more closely the dynamics of mechanisms that might potentially cause smartphone addiction. We propose self-efficacy and social anxiety as two underlying mechanisms and further test whether their mediating effects are consistent across people with differing levels of power distance bel...
Deniz Mertkan Gezgin2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Trakya University),
Ozlem Cakir5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Ankara University),
Soner Yildirim13
Estimated H-index: 13
(METU: Middle East Technical University)
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between nomophobia levels of high school students and their Internet Addiction. This study also investigates the factors including duration of smartphone and mobile Internet use that trigger and create this phenomenon. In order to explore the prevalence of nomophobia among high school students, the survey model was adopted in this study. As part of this survey, 929 high school students were randomly selected among 9th to 12th graders f...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Clinical psychological science
Jean M. Twenge42
Estimated H-index: 42
(SDSU: San Diego State University),
Thomas E. Joiner90
Estimated H-index: 90
(FSU: Florida State University)
+ 1 AuthorsGabrielle N. Martin3
Estimated H-index: 3
(SDSU: San Diego State University)
In two nationally representative surveys of U.S. adolescents in grades 8 through 12 (N = 506,820) and national statistics on suicide deaths for those ages 13 to 18, adolescents’ depressive symptoms, suicide-related outcomes, and suicide rates increased between 2010 and 2015, especially among females. Adolescents who spent more time on new media (including social media and electronic devices such as smartphones) were more likely to report mental health issues, and adolescents who spent more time ...
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Journal of behavioral addictions4.87
Zaheer Hussain12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Mark D. Griffiths85
Estimated H-index: 85
,
David Sheffield26
Estimated H-index: 26
Background and aimsOver the last decade, worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased. Alongside this growth, research on the influence of smartphones on human behavior has also increased. However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences in a minority of individuals. This study examines the psychological aspects of smartphone use particularly in relation to problematic use, narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors.Meth...
Published on Jul 1, 2017in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Qing-Qi Liu4
Estimated H-index: 4
(CCNU: Central China Normal University),
Zongkui Zhou11
Estimated H-index: 11
(CCNU: Central China Normal University)
+ 3 AuthorsCui-Ying Fan6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CCNU: Central China Normal University)
Research has revealed that mobile phone addiction was a risk factor for poor sleep quality, however, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that may mediate or moderate this association. This study examined the mediating role of rumination and moderating role of mindfulness in the association between mobile phone addiction and sleep quality. A sample of 1196 Chinese adolescents was recruited to complete measures of mobile phone addiction, sleep quality, rumination and mindfulness. Resul...
Published on Jun 1, 2017in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Tara M. Dumas7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Matthew A. Maxwell-Smith4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
+ 1 AuthorsPaul A. Giulietti1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Abstract We examined the extent to which emerging adults engage in different behaviors on Instagram, a popular social networking site, to gain attention and validation from others via “likes.” We also examined individual differences in the frequency of like-seeking behavior and motives for Instagram use as mediators of these relationships. Participants ( N = 198 and 265 (replication study)) were recruited via an online crowdsourcing portal to complete a survey. Results demonstrated that, as pred...
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2020in Computers in Human Behavior4.31
Rachel Grieve12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UTAS: University of Tasmania),
Evita March5
Estimated H-index: 5
(FedUni: Federation University Australia),
Jarrah Watkinson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTAS: University of Tasmania)
Abstract This study was the first to delineate the role of grandiose narcissism and vulnerable narcissism, in addition to self-esteem and self-monitoring, in predicting authentic self-presentation on Facebook. Facebook users (N = 155) answered questions about their personality as well as the persona they present on Facebook, and Euclidean distances quantified the congruence between the two personas. Self-monitoring (ability to modify self-presentation) was included as a control variable in regre...
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Sapna Jain (Jamia Hamdard), M. Afshar Alam8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Jamia Hamdard),
Niloufer Adil Kazmi
Published on May 12, 2019in Self and Identity1.44
Astrid M. G. Poorthuis5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UU: Utrecht University),
Meike Slagt7
Estimated H-index: 7
+ 2 AuthorsSander Thomaes19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UU: Utrecht University)
ABSTRACTThe dual-pathway model posits that narcissism can both benefit and compromise popularity, depending upon whether narcissists’ assertive or adversarial interpersonal tendencies surface in social interaction. A 5-wave longitudinal study followed Dutch adolescents (N = 322, 53% female, Mage = 12.2) who transitioned from primary into secondary school and examined how narcissism, along with self-esteem (measured at the end of primary school), contributes to cross-transition change in peer-rat...
Manuel Castro-Sánchez4
Estimated H-index: 4
,
F. Zurita-Ortega5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsRamón Chacón Cuberos4
Estimated H-index: 4
The present study sought to define and contrast an explanatory model incorporating motivational climate towards sport, life stress, academic performance, and engagement in physical activity, and to analyze the existing relationships between these variables as a function of sex. A total of 2452 adolescents of both sexes (42.7% males and 57.3% females) participated in the present study, with self-reported ages between 13 and 16 years (M = 14.43; SD = 1.15). Participants were from Granada (Spain) a...
Published on Mar 20, 2019in Sustainability2.59
Jaffar Abbas1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Jaffar Aman1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsShaher Bano
In today’s world, social media is playing an indispensable role on the learning behavior of university students to achieve sustainable education. The impact of social media on sustainable education is becoming an essential and impelling factor. The world has become a global village and technology use has made it a smaller world through social media and how it is changing instruction. This original study is amongst the few to perform a focalized investigation on revealing the relationship between...
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