Match!

Grip strength moderates the association between anthropometric and body composition Indicators and liver fat in youth with an excess of adiposity

Published on Oct 12, 2018in Journal of Clinical Medicine
· DOI :10.3390/jcm7100347
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Mikel Izquierdo52
Estimated H-index: 52
+ 5 AuthorsKatherine González-Ruíz10
Estimated H-index: 10
Sources
Abstract
Paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common early driver of chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to examine whether grip strength moderates the association between anthropometric and body composition parameters and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), an indicator of fat deposits in the liver, in children and adolescents with excess of adiposity. A total of 127 adolescents (67% girls) aged between 11 and 17, attending two public schools in Bogota (Colombia), who had an axiological evaluation of obesity were included in this study. A grip strength test was assessed as an indicator of muscular strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness by maximal oxygen uptake was assessed using the 20 m shuttle-run test. Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (cm3) were included as anthropometric and body composition measures. CAP was determined with a FibroScan® 502 Touch device (Echosens, Paris, France). The anthropometric and body composition parameters including WC, WHtR, fat mass, and VAT were positively associated with the CAP (range β = 0.423 to 0.580), slightly reduced after being adjusted for handgrip strength/weight. The Johnson-Neyman technique revealed a significant inverse relationship between WC, WHtR, VAT, and CAP when grip strength normalized by body mass was above but not equal to or below 0.475 (8.1% of the sample), 0.469 (8.9% of the sample), and 0.470 (8.5% of the sample), respectively. In conclusion, grip strength adjusted by body mass, has a moderating effect on the association between anthropometric and body composition parameters (including WC, WHtR, and VAT) and CAP in in children and adolescents with excess of adiposity, suggesting the importance of promoting muscular strength during paediatric population in order to prevent NAFLD.
Figures & Tables
  • References (36)
  • Citations (3)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2 Citations
20063.97Obesity
10 Authors (Wei Shen, ..., Steven B. Heymsfield)
163 Citations
24 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References36
Newest
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Jorge Enrique Correa Bautista (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 12
Last. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between health‐related physical fitness and weight status in 13‐ to 15‐year‐old Latino adolescents. Method The final sample consisted of 73,561 adolescents aged 13–15 years (35,175 girls) from Chile (n = 48,771) and Colombia (n = 24,790). Cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness were measured using 20‐m shuttle run (relative peak oxygen uptake – VO2peak) and standing broad jump test (lower body explosive strength), res...
7 CitationsSource
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
Last. Robinson Ramírez-VélezH-Index: 20
view all 4 authors...
9 CitationsSource
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
Last. Jose M. Saavedra (RU: Reykjavík University)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Objectives This study is a systematic review of meta-analyses that have addressed the effects of exercise-based interventions alone and the health outcomes (anthropometric, body composition, cardiometabolic, hepatic, vascular, and cardiorespiratory fitness parameters) in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Design Systematic review of meta-analysis. Methods Six electronic sources were searched. The inclusion criteria were: children and/or adolescents classified as overweight o...
3 CitationsSource
#1Cristian ÁlvarezH-Index: 13
Last. Mikel Izquierdo (Ciber)H-Index: 52
view all 7 authors...
BACKGROUND:Exercise training improves cardiometabolic outcomes in 'mean terms', but little information is available in children about the impact of the frequency/week and the wide inter-individual variability to exercise training reported in adults. OBJECTIVES:We compared the effects of resistance training (RT) and high-intensity interval training (HIT), and 'high' and 'low' frequency of training/week, for their effectiveness in decreasing insulin resistance (IR) levels in schoolchildren. A seco...
1 CitationsSource
#1Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
#2Iván Cavero-Redondo (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 10
Last. Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 26
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Objectives The aims of the present systematic review and meta-analysis were to determine the relationship between muscular strength and all-cause mortality risk and to examine the sex-specific impact of muscular strength on all-cause mortality in an apparently healthy population. Data Sources Two authors systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SPORTDiscus databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists of selected articles. Study Selection Eligible cohort studies were th...
44 CitationsSource
#1Katherine González-Ruíz (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 10
#2Jorge Enrique Correa Bautista (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 12
Last. Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
view all 15 authors...
Background A considerable proportion of contemporary youth have a high risk of obesity-related disorders such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Although there is consistent evidence for the positive effects of physical activity on several health aspects, most adolescents in Colombia are sedentary. It is, therefore, important to implement strategies that generate changes in lifestyle. The HEPAFIT study aims to examine whether a 6-month ex...
4 CitationsSource
#1Kyuwoong Kim (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 9
#2SangMinPark (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 26
Relationship of muscle mass and fat mass with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome remains uncertain, especially among Asian population. We performed a cross-sectional study with 14,807 adult participants aged between 18 and 65 in the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) data to investigate whether muscle mass and fat mass are associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. DEXA records were used to c...
14 CitationsSource
2 CitationsSource
#1Shakira F. SugliaH-Index: 24
#2Karestan C. KoenenH-Index: 71
Last. Justin P. ZachariahH-Index: 13
view all 16 authors...
Adverse experiences in childhood and adolescence, defined as subjectively perceived threats to the safety or security of the child’s bodily integrity, family, or social structures, are known to be associated with cardiometabolic outcomes over the life course into adulthood. This American Heart Association scientific statement reviews the scientific literature on the influence of childhood adversity on cardiometabolic outcomes that constitute the greatest public health burden in the United States...
42 CitationsSource
#1Katherine González-Ruíz (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 10
#2Robinson Ramírez-Vélez (Del Rosario University)H-Index: 20
Last. Antonio García-Hermoso (Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)H-Index: 17
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Background: Despite the prevalence of obesity and the multiple position stands promoting exercise for the treatment of obesity and hepatic function, a meta-analytic approach has not previously been used to examine the effects in the pediatric population. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions on abdominal fat, liver enzymes, and intrahepatic fat in overweight and obese youth. Materials and Methods: A computerized search was made using three dat...
11 CitationsSource
Cited By3
Newest
Abstract Introduction/background: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of handgrip strength on the associations of body mass index and metabolic syndrome with an indicator of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescents. Methodology: In data of 1690 adolescents aged 10–18 yr from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014–2016, alanine amino-transferase levels, age, sex, bodyweight-, sex-, and age-standardized handgrip strength, age- and sex-specific body mass index Z-...
1 CitationsSource
Source
This study had two main objectives: To examine the association between body fat distribution and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fat content, and to determine whether the relationship between NAFLD and regional body fat distribution, with respect to liver fat content in youths with excess adiposity, is independent of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and a healthy diet. Liver fat content (controlled attenuation parameter (CAP)), body fat distribution (body mass index (BMI) z-sc...
Source