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Grip Strength Moderates the Association between Anthropometric and Body Composition Indicators and Liver Fat in Youth with an Excess of Adiposity

Published on Oct 12, 2018in Journal of Clinical Medicine
· DOI :10.3390/jcm7100347
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Mikel Izquierdo51
Estimated H-index: 51
+ 5 AuthorsKatherine González-Ruíz9
Estimated H-index: 9
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Abstract
Paediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common early driver of chronic liver disease. The aim of this study was to examine whether grip strength moderates the association between anthropometric and body composition parameters and controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), an indicator of fat deposits in the liver, in children and adolescents with excess of adiposity. A total of 127 adolescents (67% girls) aged between 11 and 17, attending two public schools in Bogota (Colombia), who had an axiological evaluation of obesity were included in this study. A grip strength test was assessed as an indicator of muscular strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness by maximal oxygen uptake was assessed using the 20 m shuttle-run test. Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), fat mass, and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (cm3) were included as anthropometric and body composition measures. CAP was determined with a FibroScan® 502 Touch device (Echosens, Paris, France). The anthropometric and body composition parameters including WC, WHtR, fat mass, and VAT were positively associated with the CAP (range β = 0.423 to 0.580), slightly reduced after being adjusted for handgrip strength/weight. The Johnson-Neyman technique revealed a significant inverse relationship between WC, WHtR, VAT, and CAP when grip strength normalized by body mass was above but not equal to or below 0.475 (8.1% of the sample), 0.469 (8.9% of the sample), and 0.470 (8.5% of the sample), respectively. In conclusion, grip strength adjusted by body mass, has a moderating effect on the association between anthropometric and body composition parameters (including WC, WHtR, and VAT) and CAP in in children and adolescents with excess of adiposity, suggesting the importance of promoting muscular strength during paediatric population in order to prevent NAFLD.
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  • References (36)
  • Citations (3)
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References36
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport3.62
Antonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile),
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Del Rosario University),
Jose M. Saavedra14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RU: Reykjavík University)
Abstract Objectives This study is a systematic review of meta-analyses that have addressed the effects of exercise-based interventions alone and the health outcomes (anthropometric, body composition, cardiometabolic, hepatic, vascular, and cardiorespiratory fitness parameters) in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Design Systematic review of meta-analysis. Methods Six electronic sources were searched. The inclusion criteria were: children and/or adolescents classified as overweight o...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Scientific Reports4.01
K. Kim8
Estimated H-index: 8
(SNU: Seoul National University),
SangMinPark27
Estimated H-index: 27
(SNU: Seoul National University)
Relationship of muscle mass and fat mass with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome remains uncertain, especially among Asian population. We performed a cross-sectional study with 14,807 adult participants aged between 18 and 65 in the fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) data to investigate whether muscle mass and fat mass are associated with insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome. DEXA records were used to c...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Pediatric Obesity3.71
Cristian Álvarez13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 4 AuthorsMikel Izquierdo51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Ciber)
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Trials1.98
Katherine González-Ruíz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Del Rosario University),
Jorge Enrique Correa Bautista11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Del Rosario University)
+ 12 AuthorsEmilio González Jiménez12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UGR: University of Granada)
Background A considerable proportion of contemporary youth have a high risk of obesity-related disorders such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Although there is consistent evidence for the positive effects of physical activity on several health aspects, most adolescents in Colombia are sedentary. It is, therefore, important to implement strategies that generate changes in lifestyle. The HEPAFIT study aims to examine whether a 6-month ex...
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation2.70
Antonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile),
Iván Cavero-Redondo9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)
+ 4 AuthorsVicente Martínez-Vizcaíno24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)
Abstract Objectives The aims of the present systematic review and meta-analysis were to determine the relationship between muscular strength and all-cause mortality risk and to examine the sex-specific impact of muscular strength on all-cause mortality in an apparently healthy population. Data Sources Two authors systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SPORTDiscus databases and conducted manual searching of reference lists of selected articles. Study Selection Eligible cohort studies were th...
Published on Dec 18, 2017in Circulation23.05
Shakira Franco Suglia23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Karestan C. Koenen69
Estimated H-index: 69
+ 13 AuthorsCarmen R. Isasi25
Estimated H-index: 25
Adverse experiences in childhood and adolescence, defined as subjectively perceived threats to the safety or security of the child’s bodily integrity, family, or social structures, are known to be associated with cardiometabolic outcomes over the life course into adulthood. This American Heart Association scientific statement reviews the scientific literature on the influence of childhood adversity on cardiometabolic outcomes that constitute the greatest public health burden in the United States...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research3.02
Kelly R. Laurson18
Estimated H-index: 18
(ISU: Illinois State University),
Pedro F. Saint-Maurice13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 1 AuthorsJoey C. Eisenmann49
Estimated H-index: 49
The purpose of the study was to describe current levels of musculoskeletal fitness (MSF) in U.S. youth by creating nationally representative age-specific and sex-specific growth curves for handgrip strength (including relative and allometrically scaled handgrip), modified pull-ups, and the plank test. Participants in the National Youth Fitness Survey (n = 1,453) were tested on MSF, aerobic capacity (via submaximal treadmill test), and body composition (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference,...
Published on Aug 1, 2017in Childhood obesity2.43
Katherine González-Ruíz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Del Rosario University),
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Del Rosario University)
+ 2 AuthorsAntonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)
Abstract Background: Despite the prevalence of obesity and the multiple position stands promoting exercise for the treatment of obesity and hepatic function, a meta-analytic approach has not previously been used to examine the effects in the pediatric population. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions on abdominal fat, liver enzymes, and intrahepatic fat in overweight and obese youth. Materials and Methods: A computerized search was made using three dat...
Published on May 1, 2017in Acta Paediatrica2.27
Avery D. Faigenbaum48
Estimated H-index: 48
(TCNJ: The College of New Jersey),
James P. MacDonald1
Estimated H-index: 1
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Published on Mar 1, 2017in Scientific Reports4.01
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Del Rosario University),
Jhonatan C. Peña-Ibagon3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Del Rosario University)
+ 4 AuthorsAntonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)
Handgrip strength cutoff for cardiometabolic risk index among Colombian children and adolescents: The FUPRECOL Study
Cited By3
Newest
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Journal of Clinical Densitometry2.18
Kayoung Lee20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Inje University)
Abstract Introduction/background: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of handgrip strength on the associations of body mass index and metabolic syndrome with an indicator of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adolescents. Methodology: In data of 1690 adolescents aged 10–18 yr from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014–2016, alanine amino-transferase levels, age, sex, bodyweight-, sex-, and age-standardized handgrip strength, age- and sex-specific body mass index Z-...
Published on Dec 7, 2018in Journal of Clinical Medicine
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Mikel Izquierdo51
Estimated H-index: 51
+ 4 AuthorsKatherine González-Jiménez
This study had two main objectives: To examine the association between body fat distribution and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and liver fat content, and to determine whether the relationship between NAFLD and regional body fat distribution, with respect to liver fat content in youths with excess adiposity, is independent of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and a healthy diet. Liver fat content (controlled attenuation parameter (CAP)), body fat distribution (body mass index (BMI) z-sc...
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