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The microbial community that lives in the human body, called the microbiota, consists of a large variety of microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, eukaryotes and archae [...]
After a myocardial infarction (MI), despite the resolution of the coronary occlusion, the deterioration of myocardial perfusion persists in a considerable number of patients. This phenomenon is known as microvascular obstruction (MVO). Initially, the focus was placed on re-establishing blood flow in the epicardial artery. Then, the observation that MVO has profound negative structural and prognostic repercussions revived interest in microcirculation. In the near future, the availability of co-ad...
#1Haidara AlmansourH-Index: 1
#2Wojciech PepkeH-Index: 4
Last.Michael AkbarH-Index: 16
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The three-dimensional nature of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) necessitates a tridimensional assessment and management. Bracing constitutes the mainstay conservative treatment for mild adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. In the literature hitherto, there has been uncertainty regarding the behavior of the spine, pelvis, and vertebral orientations in the context of bracing, especially in the transverse plane. This poses a challenge to healthcare providers, patients, and their families, as brac...
#1Federica FassioH-Index: 11
#2Rossella AttiniH-Index: 12
Last.Giorgina Barbara PiccoliH-Index: 31
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Background and objectives: Preeclampsia (PE) is a risk factor for kidney diseases; egg-donation (ED) increasingly used for overcoming fertility reduction, is a risk factor for PE. CKD is also a risk factor for PE. However, kidney function is not routinely assessed in ED pregnancies. Objective of the study is seeking to assess the importance of kidney function and maternal comorbidity in ED pregnancies. Design, setting, participants and measurements. Design: retrospective observational study from...
#1Anne H. BermanH-Index: 17
#2Claes AnderssonH-Index: 7
Last.Matthijs BlankersH-Index: 12
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Overconsumption of alcohol, from hazardous to excessive, heavy, and harmful levels, is common among university students. Consenting Swedish students were assigned to one of two smartphone apps offering feedback on estimated blood alcohol concentration (eBAC; Promillekoll/PartyPlanner) or assessment only (n = 2166; 1:1:1 ratio). App participants with excessive drinking according to public health criteria (>9/>14 drinks/week for women/men, respectively) at a 7 week follow-up were additionally assi...
Inflammation plays a key role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and can be caused by multiple agents, including increased concentration of circulating low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Areas of the arterial wall affected by atherosclerosis are enriched with lymphocytes and dendritic cells (DCs). Atherosclerotic plaques contain a variety of proinflammatory immune cells, such as macrophages, DCs, T cells, natural killer cells, neutrophils and others. Intracellular lipid...
#1Juhyun SongH-Index: 1
#2Han-Jin ChoH-Index: 1
Last.Sungwoo MoonH-Index: 9
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We developed a novel computer program, the Intelligent Sepsis Management System, based on Sepsis-3 definitions and 2016 Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines and performed a quasi-experimental pre-post study to assess its effect on compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines and outcomes in patients with sepsis and septic shock. During the pre-period, patients were managed with usual care. During the post-period, patients were managed using the Intelligent Sepsis Management System up...
#1Maria BencivengaH-Index: 9
#2Giuseppe VerlatoH-Index: 29
Last.Giovanni de ManzoniH-Index: 33
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Background: Although the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG) 9501 trial did not find that prophylactic D3 lymphadenectomy led to any survival advantage over D2 lymphadenectomy, it did find that the prognosis of subserosal and N0 gastric cancer patients improved. The aim of this retrospective observational study was to compare survival after D2 or D3 lymphadenectomy in different patient subgroups. Methods: The study considered all of the patients who underwent D2 or D3 lymphadenectomy at a high-...
In patients presenting for liver transplantation, increased platelet aggregation as well as thrombocytopenia have been demonstrated, but bedside assays have not been investigated. We compared platelet aggregation in liver transplantation patients and control surgical patients using impedance aggregometry. We hypothesized that platelet activity is not altered during liver transplantation. After the allowance of the ethics committee, platelet aggregation was determined using impedance aggregometry...
#1Alicia A. GingrichH-Index: 2
#2Jaime F. ModianoH-Index: 38
Last.Robert J. CanterH-Index: 25
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Natural killer (NK) cells of the innate immune system are a key focus of research within the field of immuno-oncology based on their ability to recognize and eliminate malignant cells without prior sensitization or priming. However, barriers have arisen in the effective translation of NK cells to the clinic, in part because of critical species differences between mice and humans. Companion animals, especially dogs, are valuable species for overcoming many of these barriers, as dogs develop spont...
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