Knockout of hyaluronan synthase 1, but not 3, impairs formation of the retrocalcaneal bursa

Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of Orthopaedic Research3.043
路 DOI :10.1002/jor.24027
Katie J. Sikes2
Estimated H-index: 2
Kristen Renner2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 7 AuthorsVincent M. Wang26
Estimated H-index: 26
  • References (58)
  • Citations (2)
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ObjectivesInflammation of the retrocalcaneal bursa (RB) is a common clinical problem, particularly in professional athletes. RB inflammation is often treated with corticosteroid injections however a number of reports suggest an increased risk of Achilles tendon (AT) rupture. The aim of this cadaveric study was to describe the anatomical connections of the RB and to investigate whether it is possible for fluid to move from the RB into AT tissue.MethodsA total of 20 fresh-frozen AT specimens were ...
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Purpose Obesity and oversupply of glucose, e.g., due to nutritional factors may shape the tumor microenvironment favorable for tumor progression. O-GlcNAcylation, a reversible modification of intracellular proteins, influences on several cellular functions and is connected to many diseases including cancer. Glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) enhances tumor progression and in breast cancer HA accumulation associates strongly with poor outcome. In vitro studies have suggested that O-GlcNAcylation m...
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Hyaluronan (HA) and hyaluronan synthases (HASs) have been shown to play critical roles in embryogenesis and organ development. However, there have not been any studies examining HA and HAS expression and localization during tooth development. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of HA and three isoforms of HASs (HAS1, 2, 3) in embryonic mouse molars. The first mandibular embryonic mouse molars were examined by immunohistochemistry at E11.5, E13.5, E14.5, E16.5, and E18.5....
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Hyaluronan (HA) is a high molecular weight glycosaminoglycan of the extracellular matrix (ECM), which is particularly abundant in soft connective tissues. Solutions of HA can be highly viscous with non-Newtonian flow properties. These properties affect the movement of HA-containing fluid layers within and underlying the deep fascia. Changes in the concentration, molecular weight, or even covalent modification of HA in inflammatory conditions, as well as changes in binding interactions with other...
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Abstract Cell-matrix interactions are fundamental to many developmental, homeostatic, immune and pathologic processes. Hyaluronan (HA), a critical component of the extracellular matrix (ECM) that regulates normal structural integrity and development, also regulates tissue responses during injury, repair, and regeneration. Though simple in its primary structure, HA regulates biological responses in a highly complex manner with balanced contributions from its molecular size and concentration, synt...
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