Match!

Beliefs about emotion: implications for avoidance-based emotion regulation and psychological health.

Published on May 19, 2018in Cognition & Emotion2.37
· DOI :10.1080/02699931.2017.1353485
Krista De Castella8
Estimated H-index: 8
(ANU: Australian National University),
Michael J. Platow31
Estimated H-index: 31
(ANU: Australian National University)
+ 1 AuthorsLisa Feldman Barrett L F138
Estimated H-index: 138
(Stanford University)
Sources
Abstract
ABSTRACTPeople’s beliefs about their ability to control their emotions predict a range of important psychological outcomes. It is not clear, however, whether these beliefs are playing a causal role, and if so, why this might be. In the current research, we tested whether avoidance-based emotion regulation explains the link between beliefs and psychological outcomes. In Study 1 (N = 112), a perceived lack of control over emotions predicted poorer psychological health outcomes (increased self-reported avoidance, lower well-being, and higher levels of clinical symptoms), and avoidance strategies indirectly explained these links between emotion beliefs and psychological health. In Study 2 (N = 101), we experimentally manipulated participants’ emotion beliefs by leading participants to believe that they struggled (low regulatory self-efficacy) or did not struggle (high regulatory self-efficacy) with controlling their emotions. Participants in the low regulatory self-efficacy condition reported increased intent...
  • References (127)
  • Citations (11)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
3 Citations
202 Citations
4,248 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References127
Newest
#1Yochanan E. Bigman (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 5
#2Iris B. Mauss (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 35
Last. Maya Tamir (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 32
view all 4 authors...
People who expect to be successful in regulating their emotions tend to experience less frequent negative emotions and are less likely to suffer from depression. It is not clear, however, whether beliefs about the likelihood of success in emotion regulation can shape actual emotion regulation success. To test this possibility, we manipulated participants' beliefs about the likelihood of success in emotion regulation and assessed their subsequent ability to regulate their emotions during a negati...
25 CitationsSource
Emotion regulation involves the pursuit of desired emotional states (i.e., emotion goals) in the service of superordinate motives. The nature and consequences of emotion regulation, therefore, are likely to depend on the motives it is intended to serve. Nonetheless, limited attention has been devoted to studying what motivates emotion regulation. By mapping the potential benefits of emotion to key human motives, this review identifies key classes of motives in emotion regulation. The proposed ta...
111 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth T. Kneeland (Yale University)H-Index: 4
#2Susan Nolen-Hoeksema (Yale University)H-Index: 76
Last. June Gruber (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
13 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth T. Kneeland (Yale University)H-Index: 4
#2John F. Dovidio (Yale University)H-Index: 91
Last. Margaret S. Clark (Yale University)H-Index: 45
view all 4 authors...
Beliefs that individuals hold about whether emotions are malleable or fixed, also referred to as emotion malleability beliefs, may play a crucial role in individuals' emotional experiences and their engagement in changing their emotions. The current review integrates affective science and clinical science perspectives to provide a comprehensive review of how emotion malleability beliefs relate to emotionality, emotion regulation, and specific clinical disorders and treatment. Specifically, we di...
18 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth T. Kneeland (Yale University)H-Index: 4
#2Susan Nolen-Hoeksema (Yale University)H-Index: 76
Last. June Gruber (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
The current study examined how manipulating individuals’ beliefs about emotion’s malleability influences the choices they make in how they spontaneously regulate their anxiety during a stressful social situation. Participants were randomly assigned to receive either an experimental manipulation that emotions are malleable or that emotions are fixed then completed an impromptu, brief speech task designed to elicit anxiety. We predicted that participants in the malleable emotion condition, compare...
15 CitationsSource
#1Toni Honicke (Deakin University)H-Index: 1
#2Jaclyn Broadbent (Deakin University)H-Index: 12
This review integrates 12 years of research on the relationship between academic self-efficacy and university student's academic performance, and known cognitive and motivational variables that explain this relationship. Previous reviews report moderate correlations between these variables, but few discuss mediating and moderating factors that impact this relationship. Systematic searches were conducted in April 2015 of psychological, educational, and relevant online databases for studies invest...
81 CitationsSource
#1Charles C. Benight (UCCS: University of Colorado Colorado Springs)H-Index: 28
#2Kotaro Shoji (UCCS: University of Colorado Colorado Springs)H-Index: 8
Last. Roman Cieslak (UCCS: University of Colorado Colorado Springs)H-Index: 17
view all 6 authors...
OBJECTIVE: The psychometric properties of a Trauma Coping Self-Efficacy (CSE-T) scale that assesses general trauma-related coping self-efficacy perceptions were assessed. METHOD: Measurement equivalence was assessed using several different samples: hospitalized trauma patients (n₁ = 74, n₂ = 69, n₃ = 60), 3 samples of disaster survivors (n₁ = 273, n₂ = 227, n₃ = 138), and trauma-exposed college students (N = 242). This is the first multisample evaluation of the psychometric properties for a gene...
14 CitationsSource
#1Michael J. Platow (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 31
#2Yuen J. Huo (UC: University of California)H-Index: 20
Last. Tom R. Tyler + etal (Yale University)H-Index: 90
view all 5 authors...
Although a large body of empirical and theoretical work in procedural justice points to the positive consequences of providing voice to people, it remains unclear whether, and to what degree, people may desire voice in the first instance. The current paper presents two studies in which we directly measure people’s relative levels of voice desires and expectations. We hypothesized that any variability in these outcomes would be predicted, at least in part, by people’s relative levels of social id...
3 CitationsSource
#1N. C. Higgins (University of St. Thomas (Minnesota))H-Index: 11
#2S. Jeffrey Bailey (UNB: University of New Brunswick)H-Index: 5
Last. Thomas Hadjistavropoulos (University of Regina)H-Index: 36
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTWhereas some individuals use active coping strategies and are able to adaptively cope with their pain, others use passive strategies and catastrophic appraisals, which are often associated with increased displays of pain behavior and negative pain-related outcomes. To investigate attribution-based implicit theories as a potential underlying mechanism that might affect coping success, we hypothesized that pain patients with an incremental implicit theory of pain (i.e., view pain as mallea...
19 CitationsSource
#1Rosario Cabello (UCLM: University of Castilla–La Mancha)H-Index: 13
#2Pablo Fernández-Berrocal (UMA: University of Málaga)H-Index: 36
Previous research has shown that people differ in their implicit theories about the essential characteristics of intelligence and emotions. Some people believe these characteristics to be predetermined and immutable (entity theorists), whereas others believe that these characteristics can be changed through learning and behavior training (incremental theorists). The present study provides evidence that in healthy adults (N = 688), implicit beliefs about emotions and emotional intelligence (EI) m...
21 CitationsSource
Cited By11
Newest
#1Sunkyung Yoon (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 4
#2Johnathan Rottenberg (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 31
Why do people with psychopathology use less adaptive and more maladaptive strategies for negative emotions if such usage has self-destructive consequences? Although researchers have examined the re...
Source
Everyday beliefs often organize and guide motivations, goals, and behaviors, and, as such, may also differentially motivate individuals to value and attend to emotion-related cues of others. In this way, the beliefs that individuals hold may affect the socioemotional skills that they develop. To test the role of emotion-related beliefs specific to anger, we examined an educational context in which beliefs could vary and have implications for individuals' skill. Specifically, we studied 43 teache...
Source
#1Peter A. Heslin (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 18
#2Lauren A. Keating (EMLYON Business School)H-Index: 1
Last. Susan J. Ashford (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 39
view all 3 authors...
Abstract A sustainable career is one in which individuals enjoy at least a moderate degree of productivity, health, and happiness across their lifespan. To elucidate what people might need to learn to enhance their career sustainability, we depict a wide range of typical career- and home-realm challenges. Being in learning mode is proposed as a self-regulatory meta-competency that shapes self-directed learning regarding how to tackle sustainable career challenges. People are in learning mode whe...
1 CitationsSource
#1Caroline Lawlor ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 1
#1Caroline Lawlor (University of Cambridge)
Last. Suzanne Jolley (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Emotions play a key role in the development and experience of psychosis, yet there are important gaps in our understanding of how individuals with psychosis understand and respond to their emotions. This systematic review investigated self-reported emotion regulation difficulties in individuals with psychosis compared with non-clinical controls. An electronic database search was conducted in Medline, PsychINFO, and Embase and supplemented by searches of reference lists and citations. Seventeen s...
Source
#1Danielle Cosme (UO: University of Oregon)H-Index: 3
#2Elliot T. Berkman (UO: University of Oregon)H-Index: 29
The benefits of autonomy to self-regulation, health, and well-being are well established. However, relatively few studies have investigated how autonomy might influence affect regulation. In this c...
Source
#1Hyeong Taek Kim (CAU: Chung-Ang University)
#2Myoung-Ho Hyun (CAU: Chung-Ang University)H-Index: 3
Source
#1Victoria J. Block (University of Basel)
#2Andrea H. Meyer (University of Basel)H-Index: 25
Last. Andrew T. Gloster (University of Basel)H-Index: 25
view all 10 authors...
High stress levels can influence sleep quality negatively. If this also applies to anticipatory stress is poorly documented, however. Across insomnia severity levels, this study examined participants' evening levels of (a) anticipatory stress and (b) their skills hypothesized to downregulate the impact of stress, namely openness to internal experiences and continuous engagement in meaningful activities (openness and engagement) and their association with the quality of the subsequent night's sle...
Source
#1Allon Vishkin (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 4
#2Pazit Ben-Nun Bloom (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 12
Last. Maya Tamir (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 32
view all 5 authors...
People higher (vs. lower) in religiosity differ in the emotions they typically experience, but do they also differ in how they deal with their emotions? In this investigation, we systematically tes...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alexander R. Daros (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 8
#2Katharine E. Daniel (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 2
Last. Bethany A. Teachman (UVA: University of Virginia)H-Index: 36
view all 6 authors...
Socially anxious individuals typically select more avoidant emotion regulation (ER) strategies than non-anxious individuals, contributing to interpersonal difficulties. The present study utilized smartphone-delivered experience sampling over 14 days to assess how actual and desired social situations predicted reports of ER strategy use in 115 undergraduate students with varying levels of social anxiety symptoms. After controlling for multiple comparisons, results indicated that higher (vs. lower...
2 CitationsSource
#1Niamh McAleese (Western General Hospital)H-Index: 1
#2Azucena Guzman (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 3
Last. David C. Gillespie (Western General Hospital)H-Index: 8
view all 4 authors...
Introduction: Post-stroke emotionalism, outbursts of involuntary crying or laughing, is common after stroke. Little is known about the psychosocial factors associated with this neurological disorder.Aim: To investigate participant’s experiences of emotionalism and explore how they managed their symptoms.Methods: A qualitative study that used framework analysis. Participants were recruited across inpatient and outpatient stroke settings. The average time since stroke was 4.3 months.Results: Eight...
1 CitationsSource