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Changes of Swimmers’ Emotional States during the Preparation of National Championship: Do Recovery-Stress States Matter?

Published on Jun 23, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology2.129
· DOI :10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01043
Philippe Vacher3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Michel Nicolas9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 1 AuthorsLaurent Mourot21
Estimated H-index: 21
Abstract
This study examined the trajectories of emotional states and their within-person synergies with perceived stress and recovery during a four-month training period preceding the French swimming championships. A Multilevel Growth Curve Analysis approach was used with 16 high level swimmers. Five waves of assessments of emotional states, perceived stress and recovery were completed. Results indicated that emotional states were characterized by distinct trajectories during the training period preceding a major competition. Specifically, significant positive linear effects of time (i.e., linear increase over time) and negative quadratic effects of squared time (i.e., inverted U shape over time) on anxiety, dejection and anger were observed, whereas the opposite pattern of results was found for happiness and excitement. Moreover, level 2 perceived stress and recovery (i.e., inter-individual predictors) were significantly associated with athletes’ unpleasant and pleasant emotional states respectively. At level 1, perceived recovery (i.e., intra-individual predictor) was positively associated with happiness and excitement and negatively related to anxiety, dejection and anger. Finally, within-person interactions of general stress and recovery with time and squared time reached significance for excitement, whereas within-person interactions of specific and total stress with time and squared time reached significance for anxiety. Overall, this study provided insights into the central role played by perceived stress and recovery on the emotional states experienced by high level swimmers. Operational strategies were suggested in order to optimize the stress-recovery balance and in turn the athletes’ emotional states during a complete training program.
  • References (55)
  • Citations (5)
References55
Newest
Part 1 Description and application: description of the recovery-stress-questionnaire for athletes application of the recovery-stress-questionnaire for athletes individual specific diagnostic - case studies. Part 2 Theory, construction, and validity: theory construction of the recovery-stress-questionnaire for athletes test statistics summary of the RESTQ-Sport features.
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Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in ...
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