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Internationalization of Mexican family firms: the cases of Xignux and Grupo Alfa

Published on Jun 5, 2017
· DOI :10.1108/RIBS-10-2016-0058
Juan Velez-Ocampo2
Estimated H-index: 2
Karthik Govindan1
Estimated H-index: 1
Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez7
Estimated H-index: 7
Purpose This theory testing paper compares and analyzes the internationalization process of two Mexican family-owned firms: Xignux and Grupo Alfa. This paper is intended to offer a theoretical understanding using existing frameworks such as OLI (ownership, location and internationalization), LLL (linkage, leverage and learning) and the Uppsala model. Furthermore, it tests whether the theoretical framework of organizational capabilities and international ventures fits the internationalization of these companies. Design/methodology/approach This paper is based on case study methodology using the companies’ publically available data. Both within-case and cross-case analysis were carried out to identify specific traits in the internationalization pattern of both firms; cases were also compared with literature to identify conflicts and similarities that enable a better understanding of the phenomenon. Findings It was found that not a single theory fully and satisfactorily explains the internationalization of both Xignux and Alfa, instead, issues like internationalization into low psychic distance countries, establishment of strategic alliances and the exploitation of locational-specific advantages contributed in the international expansion of the studied companies. Originality/value There is an increasing amount of available literature regarding internationalization strategies and internationalization theories applied to developing and emerging country firms. However, most of the studies analyze companies from Asia, and there are limited studies on multilatinas (i.e. Latin American multinationals). Furthermore, scholars in the field of international business are still debating whether the existing theories, or an adaptation of them, explain the internationalization of multilatinas.
  • References (29)
  • Citations (2)
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 6.19
Jean–Luc Arregle8
Estimated H-index: 8
(EMLYON Business School),
Patricio Duran4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsMarc van Essen16
Estimated H-index: 16
Despite its importance, there is no clear understanding of the uniqueness of family firms' internationalization. This article sheds new light on this issue with a meta-analysis of 76 studies covering 41 countries. We show that the considerable study and cross-country differences in the relationship between family firm and internationalization are explained by the roles of family control, internationalization types, and home countries' institutional contexts (i.e., minority shareholders protectio...
31 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 6, 2016
A.N. Bany-Ariffin4
Estimated H-index: 4
Bolaji Tunde Matemilola4
Estimated H-index: 4
+ 1 AuthorsSiti Abdullah1
Estimated H-index: 1
Purpose This paper aims to evaluate the impact of international diversification, through the investment abroad activities of the Malaysian multinational corporations (MNCs), on their financial performance. Design/methodology/approach The paper applies the panel generalized method of moments (GMM) estimation technique that gives better results. Findings The empirical findings show that the move to invest abroad has brought a positive impact on Malaysian MNCs’ financial performance. However, in te...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2016in Journal of Business Research 4.03
Alvaro Cuervo-Cazurra32
Estimated H-index: 32
(NU: Northeastern University)
This study reviews the literature on multilatinas, Latin American multinationals, and provides suggestions for using these firms as a laboratory for extending exiting theories and models of the multinational. Analyses of their behavior tend to discuss their upgrading of capabilities and their patterns of internationalization. An additional opportunity exists to contribute to the literature by analyzing how some of the unique characteristics of Latin American countries affect the internationaliza...
33 Citations Source Cite
Khanindra Ch. Das4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Indian Institute of Management Shillong),
Nilanjan Banik7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ECP: École Centrale Paris)
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the motivations behind Indian firms’ outward investment, i.e. whether these firms are investing abroad in search of market, resource, technology, strategic-assets, efficiency, etc. Outward FDI by Indian firms has increased considerably in recent years. Such investments have gone to more than hundred host countries and into various sectors. The higher volume of outward FDI following policy reforms requires examination of factors that have motivate...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 7, 2014in European Business Review
Maria Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez7
Estimated H-index: 7
(EAFIT University),
Juan Velez-Ocampo2
Estimated H-index: 2
(EAFIT University)
Purpose – This paper aims to provide an examination of the ongoing internationalisation processes undertaken by 30 major multinational Colombian-owned firms. It also presents a theoretical overview and a conceptual framework for the understanding of internationalisation patterns from emerging countries’ multinational enterprises. Design/methodology/approach – This study is built based both on the results collected from comparative case studies based in the literature and empirical observations o...
12 Citations Source Cite
Marylène Gagné33
Estimated H-index: 33
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Pramodita Sharma33
Estimated H-index: 33
(UVM: University of Vermont),
Alfredo Vittorio De Massis29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Lancaster University)
Family businesses (FBs)—enterprises that are significantly influenced by family members and kinship ties—are ubiquitous and play a crucial role across all world economies. Because of the embeddedness of family and business systems in FB, these organizational forms are theoretically distinct from their non-family counterparts. Curiously, FBs have been largely overlooked in the organizational behaviour (OB) literature. The limited available research at the interface of OB and FB highlights the imp...
37 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 24, 2014
UniKL Bis3
Estimated H-index: 3
36 Citations
Natalia Vila13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Valencia)
Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the export strategy of international business by explicitly comparing exporting firms with the non‐exporting ones, given that they supposedly differ due to the presence of organizational export barriers.Design/methodology/approach – This study uses a database with more than 55,000 registered enterprises from all commercial sectors to demonstrate that two strategic groups really exist: exporters and non‐exporters.Findings – The findings support the existen...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in British Journal of Management 2.75
Julia Hautz11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Innsbruck),
Michael Mayer13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Bath),
Christian Stadler14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Warw.: University of Warwick)
This paper examines the impact of ownership on product and international diversification. While ownership concentration has received considerable attention from agency theorists we argue that a more nuanced analysis is necessary. We consider how the identity of owners moderates the impact of ownership concentration on diversification strategies. We develop a framework that explains how the combination of different motivations, resources and capabilities associated with different types of owners ...
40 Citations Source Cite
Filomena Canterino4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Polytechnic University of Milan),
Stefano Cirella7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Polytechnic University of Milan)
+ 2 AuthorsMassimo S. Brunelli2
Estimated H-index: 2
(California Polytechnic State University)
The increasing volatility of the global economy, coupled with the pace of technological innovation, presents new challenges for family-owned businesses. The complex business dynamics and business inertia of family-owned business require a comprehensive perspective when developing the capability to manage transformations in the face of a business context such as this. This article draws on literature from the field of organisational change and development, organisational behaviour and family busi...
7 Citations Source Cite
Cited By2
Published on Sep 3, 2018
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a systematic literature review on the subject of multilatinas during 2007-2017, through a review of 55 papers published in 35 journals. Design/methodology/approach A qualitative technique for conducting a systematic literature review was used. To systematize and make the literature review more accurate, it was divided in four stages: data collection, coding, analysis and interpretation of data. Several tables and figures were developed to provide a...
Source Cite
Published on Mar 5, 2018
Jose L. Huesca-Dorantes1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Auckland),
Snejina Michailova26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University of Auckland),
Christina Stringer10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Auckland)
Purpose This paper provides an overview of the Aztec 13 – the top 13 multinational enterprises in Mexico. Different from research that groups countries and regions, the purpose of the paper is to deliver a nuanced picture of these multinationals in terms of their key characteristics and the strategies they follow when they internationalize. Design/methodology/approach All data sources that have been identified and reviewed are documents, printed and electronic. The Aztec multilatinas were identi...
1 Citations Source Cite