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Fats & fatty acids in Indian diets: Time for serious introspection

Published on Apr 1, 2016in Indian Journal of Medical Research 1.51
· DOI :10.4103/0971-5916.200904
Indu Mani1
Estimated H-index: 1
(St. John's Medical College),
Anura V. Kurpad40
Estimated H-index: 40
(St. John's Medical College)
Recommended dietary allowances for fat and fatty acid (FA) intakes are set on global standards aimed at prevention of lifestyle diseases. Yet, the fat composition of a diet is both ethnic/region specific as well as income dependent. Indian diets are predominantly vegetarian and relatively low in fat. Furthermore, the main sources of fat are of plant origin rather than animal origin. This results in a diet that is relatively low in saturated FA, high in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and very low in n-3 PUFA. Though this appears as a good dietary composition as per global standards, the undeniable increase in the incidence of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in India begs for an explanation. In this context, the current article is aimed at reopening the debate on fat intakes in Indian diets, with a focus on a balance between fats, carbohydrates and proteins, rather than an emphasis on individual macronutrients.
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Cited By4
Published on Feb 16, 2019in Journal of Personalized Medicine
Jeremy Bauman-Fortin , David W.L. Ma33
Estimated H-index: 33
+ 4 AuthorsBénédicte Fontaine-Bisson12
Estimated H-index: 12
Evidence for a relationship between omega-6/omega-3 (n-6/n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) ratio and obesity in humans is inconsistent, perhaps due to differences in dietary intake or metabolism of PUFAs between different subsets of the population. Since chronic inflammation is central to obesity and inflammatory pathways are regulated by PUFAs, the objective of this study was to examine whether variants in the NFKB1 gene, an upstream regulator of the inflammatory response, modify the assoc...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience 2.50
Shruti Jawale1
Estimated H-index: 1
Sadhana Joshi16
Estimated H-index: 16
Anvita Kale17
Estimated H-index: 17
Abstract Cognitive development may be influenced by maternal nutrition especially fats. Indian population is vegetarian and main source of fat is dairy. This study investigates the effect of dairy fat consumption during pregnancy in an animal model on fatty acids, brain neurotrophins (brain derived neurotrophic factor: BDNF; and nerve growth factor: NGF) and cognitive performance in adult offspring. Pregnant Wistar rats were assigned to control (Control C) and four treatment groups: High fat die...
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Published on Dec 1, 2018in BMC Pediatrics 2.04
Shweta Khandelwal9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Public Health Foundation of India),
Mk Swamy3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 15 AuthorsMrutyunjaya Bellad10
Estimated H-index: 10
Background Evidence suggests a strong association between nutrition during the first 1000 days (conception to 2 years of life) and cognitive development. Maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has been suggested to be linked with cognitive development of their offspring. DHA is a structural component of human brain and retina, and can be derived from marine algae, fatty fish and marine oils. Since Indian diets are largely devoid of such products, plasma DHA levels are low. We are te...
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Published on Nov 1, 2017in The Lancet 53.25
Mahshid Dehghan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Population Health Research Institute),
Andrew Mente30
Estimated H-index: 30
(McMaster University)
+ 352 AuthorsAnders H. Rosengren84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Gothenburg)
Summary Background The relationship between macronutrients and cardiovascular disease and mortality is controversial. Most available data are from European and North American populations where nutrition excess is more likely, so their applicability to other populations is unclear. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large, epidemiological cohort study of individuals aged 35–70 years (enrolled between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013) in 18 countries with a median fo...
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